VDOT’s Highway Safety ??s Highway Safety Program ... Interstate Primary Secondary 20% 44% 36% ... Highway Safety Project Inventory 15 17 13 24 10 38 39 20 13 10

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  • VDOTs Highway Safety Program

    Commonwealth Transportation BoardJuly 15, 2015

    Mark A. Cole, PE

    Assistant State Traffic Engineer

    Highway Safety Program

  • 2

  • Agenda

    Virginia Highway Crash Trends

    Strategic Highway Safety Plan

    Highway Safety Emphasis/Focus Areas

    Highway Safety Projects

    3

  • 4

    36% 35%37%

    20%

    38% 35%

  • Virginia Highway Crashes (2010 2014)

    115997120487 123478 121601 120448

    0

    20000

    40000

    60000

    80000

    100000

    120000

    140000

    20

    10

    20

    11

    20

    12

    20

    13

    20

    14

    Year

    VDOT Local Total Crashes Injuries 5

    64%

    36%

    65%

    35%

    65%

    37%

    63%

    20%

    62%

    38% 35%

  • Virginia Highway Deaths & Serious Injuries2005 - 2014

    6

    22,489

    7,572

    1131610328

    5,000

    7,000

    9,000

    11,000

    13,000

    15,000

    17,000

    19,000

    21,000

    23,000

    25,000

    20

    05

    20

    06

    20

    07

    20

    08

    20

    09

    20

    10

    20

    11

    20

    12

    20

    13

    20

    14

    Serious Injuries SHSP Target

    946

    1,026

    740775

    700

    718

    656600

    650

    700

    750

    800

    850

    900

    950

    1000

    1050

    20

    05

    20

    06

    20

    07

    20

    08

    20

    09

    20

    10

    20

    11

    20

    12

    20

    13

    20

    14

    Deaths SHSP Target

  • VDOT Maintained Road Crashes 2010-2014

    7

    23%

    41%

    36%

    Total Crashes

    Interstate

    Primary

    Secondary

    20%

    44%

    36%

    ALL Injuries

    17%

    48%

    35%

    Deaths

    21%

    42%

    37%

    Severe Injuries

  • 2010 - 2014 Network Comparison

    8

    84%

    16%

    Lane Mileage

    VDOT

    Local

    82%

    18%

    DVMT

    81%

    19%

    Deaths

    62%

    37%

    Injuries

    64%

    36%

    Crashes

  • 2010 - 2014 Network ComparisonStatewide - Posted Speed Limit

    9

    20%

    24%42%

    14%

    Fatal Crashes

    40%

    26%

    24%

    10%

    Total Crashes

    35 or Less 40 or 45

    50 or 55 Over 55 mph

    40%

    28%

    24%

    8%

    Injury Crashes

  • Virginia Highway Crash Types

    10

    33

    25

    19

    8.5

    5

    2.62.1

    1.4

    3.4

    Total Crashes (%)

    5.8

    16.8

    44.8

    2.4

    0.6

    10

    5.5

    11

    3.1

    Fatal Crashes (%)

  • Strategic Highway Safety Plan

    Vision

    Toward Zero Deaths

    Mission

    save lives and reduce crashes and injuries

    data driven strategic approach

    enforcement, education, engineering, and

    emergency response strategies

    Goal

    reduce deaths & severe injuries by half by 2030

    Target

    3 percent per year until 2016

    http://www.virginiadot.org/info/hwysafetyplan.asp 11

  • Emphasis/Focus Areas

    Roadway Departure Crashes

    Intersection Crashes

    Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety

    12

  • Roadway Departure Crash Definition

    A non-intersection crash which occurs when a vehicle crosses an edge line or a

    center line, or otherwise leaves the traveled way. (Source: FHWA)

    13

  • Virginia Roadway Departure Deaths2010 - 2014

    14

    403 434

    383

    406

    340

    5456

    49

    55

    49

    40

    45

    50

    55

    60

    65

    70

    75

    80

    250

    270

    290

    310

    330

    350

    370

    390

    410

    430

    450

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    % o

    f To

    tal H

    igh

    way D

    eath

    s

    Death

    s

    Roadway Departure Deaths % of Deaths

  • Virginia Roadway Departure Crashes 2010-2014

    15

    20%

    20%

    30%

    30%

    Total Crashes (%)

    17%

    32%34%

    17%

    Fatalities (%)

    19%

    23%32%

    26%

    Injuries (%)

  • Roadway Departure Prevention

    16

    Curve Delineation

    $13M investment

    2600 curves

    30-50% crash reduction

    Save 18 lives/year

    Save 150 serious injuries/year

    Rumble Strips

    $18M investment

    1900 miles treated

    40-60% crash reduction

    Save 12 lives/year

    Save 400 serious injuries/year

  • Virginia Intersection Deaths2010 2014

    17

    189 191

    230

    189

    204

    25 25

    29

    25

    29

    20

    22

    24

    26

    28

    30

    32

    34

    36

    38

    40

    100

    120

    140

    160

    180

    200

    220

    240

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    % o

    f To

    tal H

    igh

    way D

    eath

    s

    Death

    s

    Intersection Deaths % of Deaths

  • Virginia Intersection Crashes 2010-2014

    18

    35%

    31%

    34%

    Total Crashes (%)

    57%28%

    15%

    Fatalities (%)

    30%

    42%

    28%

    Injuries (%)

  • Effective Intersection Projects

    19

    Flashing Yellow Arrow

    $20K/intersection

    36% crash reduction

    Reflective Backplates

    $5-7K/intersection

    15% all crash reduction

    28% severe crash reduction

    Signal Timing

    $5K/intersection

    20-33% crash reduction

  • Virginia Pedestrian & Bicyclists Deaths2010 - 2014

    20

    89

    82

    111

    86

    103

    12

    11

    14

    12

    15

    8

    10

    12

    14

    16

    18

    20

    50

    60

    70

    80

    90

    100

    110

    120

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    % o

    f To

    tal H

    igh

    way D

    eath

    s

    Death

    s

    Pedestrian & Bicyclists Deaths % of Deaths

  • Virginia Pedestrian & Bicycle Crashes 2010-2014

    21

    2%

    14%

    17%

    67%

    Total Crashes (%)

    9%

    34%

    17%

    40%

    Fatalities (%)

    2%

    14%

    16%

    68%

    Injuries (%)

  • Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Projects

    22

  • Deliver Highway Safety Six-Year Plan

    23

    Data-Driven Projects Focusing on:

    Roadway Departure crashes

    Intersection crashes

    Bicycle and Pedestrian safety

    Low-cost/high-benefit safety solutions

    Flashing Yellow Arrows

    Rumble Strips

    Curve Delineation

  • Highway Safety Project Inventory

    15

    17

    13

    24

    10

    38

    39

    20

    1310

    Active Projects By District*

    Bristol Culpeper Fredericksburg

    Hampton Roads Lynchburg Northern VA

    Richmond Salem Staunton

    Statewide

    199 Total

    *Active means in preliminary engineering, right-of-way, or construction phases as of June 17, 2015

    76

    14

    109

    Active Projects By Phase*

    PE Right-of-way Construction

    138

    61

    Project Administration*

    VDOT Local

  • Before-and-after Results

    25

    Where 113 highway safety-funded projects have been deployed since 2004

    92%

    Fatal Crashes

    55%

    Injury Crashes

  • Questions?Mark A. Cole, PE

    VDOT Assistant State Traffic Engineer

    Highway Safety Program

    (804) 786-4196

    Mark.Cole@VDOT.Virginia.gov

    26