uwgb capstone 2008 sustainability initiatives at eco u

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UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U Renew EcoU

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Page 1: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

UWGB CAPSTONE 2008

Sustainability Initiatives at Eco URenew EcoU

Page 2: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

The Project: Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Reducing UWGB's Carbon Footprint

Reducing UWGB's Stormwater Impact

Page 3: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Presentation Outline

Introduction Reducing UWGB’s Carbon Footprint

Background Emissions Inventory Potential Solutions Education & Outreach

Reducing UWGB’s Stormwater Impact Background / Education & Outreach Green Roof Options Stormwater Modeling

Concluding Remarks

Page 4: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Reducing UWGB’s Carbon and Energy Footprints

Lisa Ashenbrenner

“The time for delay is over, the time for denial is over.”

President Elect Barak Obama on climate change.December 9, 2008

Page 5: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Governor's Challenge:Governor Doyle challenged four universities in the UW system to achieve energy independence by 2012

UW-River FallsUW-Steven's PointUW-OshkoshUW-Green Bay

Page 6: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC)

Signed: Chancellor Bruce Shepard September 2007

Goal: Campuses across the nation become carbon neutral

Reason: Prevent catastrophic climate change Role of universities as community leaders and role models

Page 7: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

ACUPCC Framework• Designate an organizational structure to

develop and implement the climate action plan

• Complete an emissions inventory• Write a climate action plan to achieve

neutrality• Take two immediate steps to reduce emissions • Integrate sustainability into the curriculum

and other educational efforts• Make the plan, inventory, and reports publicly

available

Page 8: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Where we are now

• Signed ACUPCC September 2007• Organizational structure: Sustainability

Committee established 2007• 2007 Capstone class calculated an initial

carbon inventory and laid groundwork for gathering carbon calculator data

• First tangible action completed: U-Pass

Page 9: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Capstone Goals

• Complete and submit an emission inventory

• Provide recommendations for the action plan:

• - Energy efficiency • - Renewable resource use• - Organizational structure• - Educational activities• Initiate educational efforts

Page 10: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

ACUPCC

Organizational Structure Baseline Emissions Inventory Tangible Actions - Climate Action Plan -

Education & Outreach Reporting

Page 11: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Organizational Structure

Page 12: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Emissions Inventory

Andrew Mckenna-FosterAngela PierceMolly Collard

Page 13: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Inventorying Emissions

Emissions of CO2, N2O, and CH4

Campus and Residence Heating

Air and Bus Travel and commuting

Purchase Electricity

Fertilizers etc.

Campus Vehicles

Paper Purchasing

Waste Disposal

Wastewater Treatment

Onsite Emissions Purchased Energy All Other Emissions

Forest Preservation

Green Electric

Purchasing

Anything that reduces emissions

or their impacts

Scope 1 Scope 2 Scope 3 Offests

+ + -

Metric Tons eCO2 (Carbon dioxide equivalent) = Carbon Footprint

Page 14: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Gathering Information

To Calculator

Facilities Management

Residence Life

Student Union.

Shorewood Golf

Course

Purchasing Dept.

Campus Controller

Sustainability Committee

Electricity, Fuel

Paper Purchasing

Solid Waste Disposal

Travel Agencies

Bus Companies

Requested Annual Reports

Everything Else

Page 15: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

The Calculator

Clean-Air Cool-Planet Campus Carbon Calculator version 6.www.cleanair-coolplanet.org

Page 16: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Total Emissions

Total Emissions = 33,786 MT eCO2 Emissions by scope:

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

To

tal E

mis

sio

ns

(M

etr

ic T

on

ne

s e

CO

2)

Year

Scope 3 Emissions

Scope 2 Emissions

Scope 1 Emissions

Page 17: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

500

5,500

10,500

15,500

20,500

25,500

30,500

35,500

40,500

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

To

tal E

mis

sio

ns

(M

etr

ic T

on

ne

s e

CO

2)

Year

Forest Preservation (1,402 MT)

Green Electric Purchasing and Production (1,485 MT)

Net Emissions

TotalEmissions

NetEmissions

Net Emissions

Offsets = 2,884 MT eCO2 Net Emissions = 30,989 MT eCO2

Page 18: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

2008 Detail

Commuting!

Purchased Electricity

Natural Gas

Offsets

Page 19: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

How do we compare?

Reports available at: Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Educationhttp://www.aashe.org/resources/ghg_inventories.php

Divide Net Emissions by number of students

Page 20: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Acknowledgments

UWGB staff was extremely helpful gather data and giving advice: Facilities Management and Planning: Chris Hatfield (Director),

Jason Willard Purchasing Department: Linda Dupuis (Director), Marie Lyon

Helmke, Diane Eastman Campus Controller: Kelly Franz Resident’s Life: Steve Gering (Assistant Director of Facilities

Operations) Shorewood Golf Course and U. Union: Rick Warpinski (Director),

Nathan Rusch Human Resources: Sheryl Van Gruensven (Director)

Additionally many people helped from outside UWGB: Russ Hardwick Green Bay Water Utility Chambers Travel, Fox World Travel, Worldtek, and Wisconsin Air

Services

Thanks also to: Professors Patricia Terry and Laurel Phoenix

Page 21: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Potential Solutions

Benjamin NuszMolly Collard

Jenny Heinzen

Page 22: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

Are Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy strategies sufficient to meet emissions reduction goals? Big picture instead of

individual installations Energy generation over

demonstration projects Long term

implementation strategies

Energy EfficiencyConservationPhotovoltaicsWindBiomassBiofuels

Page 23: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Energy Efficiency & Conservation

Central Plant Boiler control Chiller optimization Boiler blowdown Thermal storage Variable primary

flow

Academic Buildings Windows Variable frequency

drives Fluorescent lights Efficient motors Occupancy schedule Fume hood management Sub-metering Demand control

ventilation Energy recovery

ventilation

Page 24: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Energy Efficiency & Conservation

Stanley Consultants 2008 Energy Audit Used eQuest

building simulations for MAC Hall and Cofrin Library

Determined a base rate of energy reductions on a per square foot basis

Used rate to estimate campus-wide implementation

ReplaceWindows

VariableFrequencyDrive

High Efficiency Motor

OccSchedule

Boiler Controls

Chiller Optimization

Boiler Blowdown

Thermal Storage

Variable Primary

ReplaceWindows; MT of eCO2; 463

VariableFrequencyDrive; MT of eCO2; 921

High Efficiency Motor; MT of eCO2; 130

OccSchedule; MT of eCO2; 2955

Boiler Controls; MT of eCO2; 78

Chiller Optimization; MT of eCO2; 127

Boiler Blowdown; MT of eCO2; 123

Thermal Storage; MT of eCO2; 8

Variable Primary; MT of eCO2; 111

Estimated Emissions Reductions from

Energy Efficiency Measures

MT of eCO2

Page 25: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Photovoltaics

2008 Non-residential Photovoltaic site assessment by Full Spectrum Solar Modeled 5kW, 20kW and 50kW Didn’t address the total capacity of the

campus

Capstone Campus-wide site assessment All areas were evaluated using Solar

Pathfinder site assessment tool Generated and plotted GPS coordinates Used arcGIS to construct polygons and

calculate areas Surveyed 48 PV collector models to

determine Watts/s.f. Calculated installation density for appropriate

sun angles and annual solar radiation

Page 26: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Photovoltaics

Page 27: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Photovoltaics

Multicrystalline collectors 11.9 Watts/s.f.

30 degree mounting angle 1206 kWh/kW(rated)

Density Ratio of 0.27 Full solar exposure

If all of the available land areas were covered with PV, the system would annually produce 17,972,912 kWh or 91% of the total electrical load.

At $6,700/kW the system would cost $99,849,000

Simple payback of 61.7 years

Page 28: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Wind Power Suggestions

from 2005 site assessment: Three sites 10 kW – 660 kW

machines This report

recommends: Two sites 1.5 MW or larger

machines

Page 29: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Investment & Production

UWGB has an average wind speed of 14 mph @ 265’

The GE 1.5 MW turbine produces ~3,500,000 kWh each year at that velocity

UWGB bought 19,842,000 kWh in 07-08 @ 6.5¢/kWh

Each turbine will save ~$225,000 on annual electrical bill (avoided cost)

Page 30: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Biomass and Biofuels

Biofuels B20 testing underway Future ratio increases

possible Cheapest in terms of

capitol, but highest in terms of operating costs

Biomass 2006 Capstone

recommendation of wood boilers for residence halls

20 individual boilers for 26 buildings

Future potential to install cogeneration

Page 31: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Projections

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

45,000

50,000

2009 2014 2019 2024 2029 2034 2039 2044 2049

MT

eC

O2

Year

GreenElectricPurchase

WindTurbine1

Fluoresent LightsCONT

Fluoresent Lights

AirTravelOf fsets

AirTravelOf fsetsCONT

WIRenewElec10

WIRenewElec25

OccSchedule

OccScheduleCONT

CoGeneragtion

VariableFrequencyDrive

VariableFrequencyDriveCONT

Emissions Af ter Reductions

80% Below 2005 Emissions

Line to 80% Reduce

Page 32: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Projections - Aggressive

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

45,000

50,000

2009 2014 2019 2024 2029 2034 2039 2044 2049

MT

eC

O2

Year

GreenElectricPurchase

ReplaceWindows

50%StudentUPass

Biomass Boiler in Residences

WindTurbine2

WindTurbine1

Fluoresent LightsCONT

Fluoresent Lights

AirTravelOf fsets

AirTravelOf fsetsCONT

WIRenewElec10

WIRenewElec25

BioDiesel100

OccSchedule

OccScheduleCONT

CoGeneragtion

VariableFrequencyDrive

VariableFrequencyDriveCONT

Emissions Af ter Reductions

80% Below 2005 Emissions

Line to 80% Reduce

Emissions without reductions

Page 33: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Education & Outreach

Juny LeeJennifer Goyette

Page 34: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Addressing outreach and education

Short term goals

Streamline the Sustainability Committee website to provide easy access information regarding UWGB and its efforts to be climate friendly and sustainable Refresh links, update content, and advertise sustainablegb webpage UWGB website tech is still working on updating it

Design informative posters for use within campus buildings and along Cofrin Memorial Arboretum trail

Educate public, students, and staff RE: UWGB sustainability initiatives Affirm identity as an environmental university by reclaiming and using the title

EcoU Focus on broad spectrum of activities within UWGB that contribute to being an

Eco campus Explore a current issue and how it affects UWGB

Page 35: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Poster Themes in the Arboretum

Geology

Implementing Sustainable Energy:UWGB potential

Mahon Woods / Forest Dynamic Plot

UWGB’s natural communities: Green Bay’s bay / invasive species/ succession plots / Prairie

Current Issues: Wind Energy and Bats

Page 36: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U
Page 37: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U
Page 38: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Addressing outreach and education

Long term goals Hire a permanent full-time sustainability coordinator Interdepartmental collaboration on sustainability initiatives and increase

communication between faculty members in the implementation of sustainability efforts

By collaborating with one another, faculty can extend what they learn into their lecture coursework and/or department committee meetings

Require environmental science and sustainability coursework for all students regardless of their major

Move away from traditional style of teaching Coursework with project-based classes that allow students with hands on experience

Increase students’ awareness on sustainability issues by personalizing the experiences If students were made aware of their “ecological address”, they would be more actively

involved in the practice of environmentally sustainable living

Page 39: UWGB CAPSTONE 2008 Sustainability Initiatives at Eco U

Summary

Focus on curriculum Increase awareness of sustainability initiatives Create an institutional culture of sustainability Encourage change in behavior