UUNN World War II and Its Aftermath - ?·  · 2012-07-16CHAPTER 16 World War Looms 1931–1941 CHAPTER…

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  • UNITUNIT

    UNIT

    PROJECT

    CHAPTE R 1 6 World War Looms19311941

    CHAPTE R 1 7 The United States in World War II19411945

    CHAPTE R 1 8Cold War Conflicts19451960

    CHAPTE R 1 9 The Postwar Boom19461960

    Debate As you read Unit 5, pay attention to arguments on either side of a political issue. Work with a group to stage a debate. Write a proposition, such as Resolved: The U.S. has a responsibility to end its isolationism and enter World War II. Choose teams to argue either for or against the resolution.

    World War II and Its Aftermath 19311960

    World War II and Its Aftermath 19311960

    Dawn Patrol Launching by Paul Sample

    524

  • World War II and Its Aftermath 19311960

    World War II and Its Aftermath 19311960

  • FLORIDA . . .FLORIDFLORIDAAAA . . .. . .FLORIDA . . .The Story Continues

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    For the ! rst few years, the site was used as originally intended. But in 1943, as the United States prepared for war, the Camp was transformed into an Infantry Replacement Training Center. Camp Blanding provid-ed training for infantry, cavalry, engineers, medical troops, tank destroyers, and many other specialties. Today, Camp Blanding is used as a training site for the National Guard and Reserves, as well as some active duty service men and women.

    During World War II, military bases were built throughout Florida. By the wars end, Florida had 172 military installations. " is brought eco-nomic opportunities to people throughout the state. Some of the cities that experienced tremendous growth during the war were Key West, Tampa, Miami, Jacksonville, and Pensacola.

    Within the ! rst few years, the navy erected over 700 buildings at the Naval Air Station at Jacksonville. During World War II, over 10,000 pilots and 11,000 aircrewmen were trained at this station. " e Blue Angels began at the Naval Air Station at Jacksonville. In 1946, the Blue Angels gave their ! rst performance; one year later they demonstrated the dia-mond formation, in which the group of planes creates the shape of a diamond, and the wings of the planes are only 18 inches from one another.

    525 FL1

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    Unpacking the Florida Standards

  • CHAPTER

    161616161616

    1931 The Empire State Building opens in New York City.

    1932 Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected president.

    1933 Prohibition ends.

    1936 Jesse Owens winsfour gold medals at Olympics in Berlin, Germany.

    1936 Roosevelt is reelected.

    1936 Ethiopias Haile Selassie asks League of Nations for help against Italian invasion.

    1936 General Francisco Franco leads a fascist rebellion in Spain.

    1934 Stalin begins great purge in USSR.

    1934 Chinese communists flee in the Long March.

    1931 Japan con-quers Manchuria, in northern China.

    1933 Adolf Hitler is appointed German chancellor and sets up Dachau concentration camp.

    USAWORLD

    1931 1933 19351931 1933 1935

    Essential Question

    Flanked by storm troopers, Adolf Hitler arrives at a Nazi rally in September 1934.

    How did the rise of dictators contribute to the outbreak of World War II?

    Florida Next Generation Sunshine State StandardsLA.1112.1.6.3 The student will

    use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words. SS.912.A.1.2 Utilize a variety of primary and secondary sources to identify author, historical significance, audience, and authenticity to understand a historical period. SS.912.A.1.3 Utilize timelines to identify the time sequence of historical data. SS.912.A.6.1 Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world. SS.912.A.6.2 De-scribe the United States response in the early years of World War II (Neutrality Acts, Cash and Carry, Lend Lease Act). SS.912.A.6.3 Ana-lyze the impact of the Holocaust during World War II on Jews as well as other groups.

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  • I N T E R A C TI N T E R A C TW I T H H I S T O R YW I T H H I S T O R Y

    I N T E R A C TI N T E R A C TW I T H H I S T O R YW I T H H I S T O R Y

    1937 1939 1941

    1938 Orson Welles broadcasts The War of the Worlds, a fic-tional alien invasion.

    1941 United States enters World War II.

    1939 Germany invades Poland. Britain and France declare war.

    1938KristallnachtNazis riot, destroying Jewish neighborhoods.

    1940 Roosevelt is elected to a third term.

    1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.

    Adolf Hitler

    1937 1939 1941

    1937 Amelia Earhart mysteriously disappears attempting solo round-the-world flight.

    In the summer of 1939, President Franklin Roosevelt addresses an anxious nation in response to atrocities in Europe committed by Hitlers Nazi Germany. Roosevelt declares in his broadcast that the United States will remain a neutral nation. He acknowledges, however, that he cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought.

    Explore the Issues

    war influence the United States?

    the affairs of warring countries?

    World War Looms 527

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  • One American's Story

    TAKING NOTES

    The rise of rulers with total power in Europe and Asia led to World War ll.

    Dictators of the 1930s and 1940s changed the course of history, making world leaders especially watchful for the actions of dictators today.

    Joseph StalintotalitarianBenito Mussolinifascism

    Adolf HitlerNazismFrancisco Franco Neutrality Acts

    Martha Gellhorn arrived in Madrid in 1937 to cover the brutal civil war that had broken out in Spain the year before. Hired as a special correspondent for Colliers Weekly, she had come with very little money and no special protec-tion. On assignment there, she met the writer Ernest Hemingway, whom she later married. To Gellhorn, a young American writer, the Spanish Civil War was a deadly strug-gle between tyranny and democracy. For the people of Madrid, it was also a daily struggle for survival.

    A PERSONAL VOICE MARTHA GELLHORN You would be walking down a street, hearing only the city noises of streetcars and automobiles and people calling to one another, and suddenly, crushing it all out, would be the huge stony deep booming of a falling shell, at the corner. There was no place to run, because how did you know that the next shell would not be behind you, or ahead, or to the left or right?

    The Face of War

    Less than two decades after the end of World War Ithe war to end all warsfighting erupted again in Europe and in Asia. As Americans read about dis-tant battles, they hoped the conflicts would remain on the other side of the world.

    Nationalism Grips Europe and AsiaThe seeds of new conflicts had been sown in World War I. For many nations, peace had brought not prosperity but revolution fueled by economic depression and struggle. The postwar years also brought the rise of powerful dictators driven by the belief in nationalismloyalty to ones country above all elseand dreams of territorial expansion.

    Martha Gellhorn, one of the first women war correspondents, began her career during the Spanish Civil War.

    Dictators ThreatenWorld Peace

    SECTION

    111111

    Use the graphic organizer online to take notes on the ambitions of the dictators of the 1930s.

    SS.912.A.1.2, SS.912.A.6.1, SS.912.A.6.2

    528 CHAPTER 16

    SS.912.A.6.1 Examine causes, course, and conse-quences of World War II on the United States and the world.

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  • Germany was expected to pay off huge debts while dealing with widespread poverty. By 1923, an inflating economy made a five-million German mark worth less than a penny. Here children build blocks with stacks of useless German marks.

    Identifying Problems A Why did the

    new democracies set up after World War I fail?

    FAILURES OF THE WORLD WAR I PEACE SETTLEMENT Instead of securing a just and secure peace, the Treaty of Versailles caused anger and resentment. Germans saw nothing fair in a treaty that blamed them for starting the war. Nor did they find security in a settlement that stripped them of their overseas colonies and border territories. These problems overwhelmed the Weimar Republic, the democratic government set up in Germany after World War I. Similarly, the Soviets resented the carving up of parts of Russia. (See map, Chapter 11, p. 400.) The peace settlement had not fulfilled President Wilsons hope of a world safe for democracy. New democratic governments that emerged in Europe after the war floundered. Without a democratic tradition, people turned to authoritar-ian leaders to solve their economic and social problems. The new democracies collapsed, and dictators were able to seize power. Some had great ambitions. A

    JOSEPH STALIN TRANSFORMS THE SOVIET UNION In Russia, hopes for democracy gave way to civil war, resulting in the establishment of a communist state, officially called the Soviet Union, in 1922. After V. I. Lenin died in 1924, Joseph Stalin, whose last name means man of steel, took control of the coun-try. Stalin focused on creating a model communist state. In so doing, he made both agricultural and industrial growth the prime economic goals of the Soviet Union. Stalin abolished all privately owned farms and replaced them with collec-tiveslarge government

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