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Center of Brain and Cognition

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<ul><li> 1. Center of Brain and Cognition (CBC) Barcelona, 27/02/2012</li></ul> <p> 2. What is Neuroscience? </p> <ul><li>Neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, advances the understanding ofhuman thought ,emotion , andbehavior . Neuroscientists use tools ranging from computers to special dyes to examine molecules, nerve cells, networks, brain systems, and behavior. From these studies, they learn how the nervous system develops and functionsnormallyand what goes wrong in neurological disorders. </li></ul> <ul><li>What is themind ? Why dopeoplefeelemotions ? What are the underlying causes of neurological and psychiatric disorders? These are among the many mysteries being unraveled by neuroscientists. </li></ul> <p>http://www.sfn.org/index.aspx?pagename=whatIsNeuroscience 3. What is Cognitive Neuroscience? </p> <ul><li>Cognitive neuroscientists study functions such as perception and memory in animals by using behavioral methods and other neuroscience techniques. In humans, they use non-invasive brain scans -- such as positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging -- to uncover routes of neural processing that occur during language, problem solving and other tasks. </li></ul> <p>http://www.sfn.org/index.aspx?pagename=whatIsNeuroscience 4. Center of Brain and Cognition </p> <ul><li>How does neural activity give rise to human cognition? How is the mind organised and how does its organisation arise from the biology of the brain? </li></ul> <p>CBC scientists are working to advance our understanding of how experience influences the emergence of function and structure through computational and experimental investigation. We are also interested in understanding how mechanisms regulating brain development interact with the effects of experience to produce the structural and functional characteristics of the brain. These lines of research clarify how specific biological mechanisms routinely support the emergence of cognitive functions, leading to insights into why experience is so important for normal brain development. 5. Center of Brain and Cognition Computational Neuroscience http:// ucc.upf.edu Speech Production and Bilingualism Reasoning and Infant Cognition Computational Neuroscience Speech Acquisition and Perception Multisensory Research Group 6. Computational Neuroscience </p> <ul><li>PI: Dr. Gustavo Deco </li></ul> <p>To investigate neuronal and cortical mechanisms of perception and cognition.http:// cns.upf.edu / Financial support from 2011 Deco, G; Jirsa, V; McIntosh, A.R. Emerging concepts for the dynamical organization of resting-state activity in the brain. Nature Review Neurosciences . Volume: 12 Pages: 43-56. 2009 Albantakis, L; Deco, G. The encoding of alternatives in multiple-choice decision making.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS . Volume: 106 Issue: 25 Pages: 10308-10313. 7. </p> <ul><li>PI: Dr. Salvador Soto </li></ul> <p>Multisensory environments To understand the cognitive and neural processes that are responsible for Multisensorial Integration http:// www.mrg.upf.edu / Financial support from 2010 Azan, E; Longo, MR; Soto-Faraco, S; Haggard, P.The posterior parietal cortex remaps touch into external spaci .Current Biology . Volume 20 Issue 14 Pages1304-1309. 2008 Azan E, Soto-Faraco S. Changing reference frames during the encoding of tactile events.Current Biology . Volume 18: Pages 1044-1049. 8. </p> <ul><li>PI: Dr. Nria Sebastin </li></ul> <p>Speech Acquisition and PerceptionTo understand how humans (infants and adults) learn and use languageshttp:// www.sap.upf.edu / Coordinator of the CONSOLIDER project Financial support from 2009 Pons, F; Lewkowicz, DJ; Soto- Faraco, S; Sebastin-Galls, N. Narrowing of intersensory speech perception in infancy.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS.Volume: 106 Issue: 26 Pages: 10598-10602. 2008 Diaz, B; Baus, C; Escera, C; Costa, A; Sebastin-Galls, N. Brain potentials to native phoneme discrimination reveal the origin of individual differences in learning the sounds of a second language.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS.Volume: 105 Issue: 42 Pages: 16083-16088. 9. </p> <ul><li>PI: Dr. Albert Costa </li></ul> <p>Speech Production and BilingualismTo study the cognitive and brain processes involved in language production, paying special attention to bilingualismhttp:// www.spb.upf.edu / Financial support from (In press) Costa, A; Calabria, M; Marne, P; Hernndez, M; Juncadella, M; Lle, A; et al.On the parallel deterioration of bilinguals two languages: Evidence from Alzheimers disease.Neuropsychologia. (In press) Abutalebi, J; Della Rosa, P. A; Green, D. W; Hernndez, M; Scifo, P; Keim, R; Cappa, S. F; &amp; Costa, A. Bilingualism tunes the anterior cingulate cortex for conflict monitoring.Cerebral Cortex . 10. </p> <ul><li>PI: Dr. Luca Bonatti </li></ul> <p>Reasoning and Infant CognitionTo understand the representations underlying our abilities to come to conclusions, form expectations or find what happens next. http:// rico.upf.edu Financial support from 2011 Teglas, E; Vul, E; Girotto, V; Gonzalez, M; Tenenbaum, J.B; Bonatti, L. Pure Reasoning in 12-Month-Old Infants as Probabilistic Inference.Science . Volume: 332 Num: 6033 Pages: 1054-1059. 2012 Reverberi, C., Bonatti, L. L., Frackowiak, R. S., Paulesu, E., Cherubini, P., &amp; Macaluso, E. (2011). Large scale brain activations predict reasoning profiles.Neuroimage , Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 1752-1764 11. Neuroscience Laboratory </p> <ul><li>250 m2 and comprises different soundproof rooms </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>seven single cabins, </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>10 multipurpose cabins (3 with</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>electromagnetic isolation) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>reception area</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>storage space/workshop </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Among the systems used include: </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>A transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) machine that allows us to directly stimulate the brain using magnetic fields </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>2 eye trackers for studies in which we desire to keep track of what the subject is looking at </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>3 EEG/ERP machines to record electrophysiological brain activity </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>A high resolution vibration machine to record pressure level that allows us to measure the sensitivity threshold in tactile tests </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>7 individual experiment settings, including a PC computer (Intel Core i5), two screens (one CRT and one TFT), a webcam and a sound card with ASIO support </li></ul></li></ul> <p>http:// lnucc.upf.edu 12. Neuroscience Laboratory </p> <ul><li>Activities associated with conducting experiments for research groups who form the CBC</li></ul> <ul><li>Configuration and maintenance of research equipment</li></ul> <ul><li>Assembly paradigms</li></ul> <ul><li>Recording and preparation of stimuli</li></ul> <ul><li>Materials management</li></ul> <ul><li>Booking for experimental rooms</li></ul> <ul><li>Management of experimental subjects</li></ul> <ul><li>Training of experimenters in the use of the equipment </li></ul> <p>http:// lnucc.upf.edu 13. Want to learn more? </p> <ul><li>Contact us @ </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Center of Brain and Cogntion (CBC) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Tnger Building </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>C. Tanger, 122-140 </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>08018 - Barcelona </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>florencia.nava @ upf.edu </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Research Services. Communication Campus Promotion </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Tnger Building </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>C/Roc Boronat, 138 </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>08018 - Barcelona </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>aurelio.ruiz @ upf.edu </li></ul></li></ul>