unreal conditionals

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Unreal conditionals. SO What would YOU do if you won the lottery!?. Maxine would buy a new house for herself and her parents if she won the lottery. If Paul won the lottery, he d take a trip around the world. John and his wife would buy a piano if they became rich. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Unreal conditionals

  • SOWhat would YOU do if you won the lottery!?Maxine would buy a new house for herself and her parents if she won the lottery.If Paul won the lottery, hed take a trip around the world.John and his wife would buy a piano if they became rich.

  • We use unreal conditionals in English to talk about: A situation that is not real, but that we imagine . . .If I had a million dollars . . . I would

    If I lived in Italy . . . I would . . .

    If I got a job as a chef . . . I would . . .

    Are these real situations?Do I really have a million dollars?Do I really live in Italy?Do I really work as a chef?

  • How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples:1. If my friend asked me for money, I would lend it to her.2. Tomas would be happier if he got a less stressful job.3. Speaking in English would be easier if you practiced more frequently. After the IF, use ______________________ tense.In the other clause, use __________________.

  • Form & Meaning:When you imagine a future happening like this, you use a past tense form after IF;

    However, the meaning is NOT past.

    Ex. If I moved to a big city, Id sell my car.

    The meaning here is NOT past tense . . .I didnt move away and I didnt sell my car.

    Im imagining a future possibility.

  • Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would-clause:If Marta moved abroad, she would learn another language.Marta would learn another language if she moved abroad.

  • Try these examples:1. If we ____________ (have) more time and money, we ________________ (take) a vacation to Hawaii. 2. The world ______________ (be) a better place if everyone ______________ (help) others.

  • More Practice . . .3. If you ____________ (get) more exercise, Im sure you ________________ (feel) healthier and happier.4. Celia ______________ (do) better in school if she _____________ (sleep) more each night.

  • Important Note!Formal grammar requires that when making these kinds of conditional sentences, we use WERE for the past tense of be for all subjects (including I, he, she).

    Ex. -If I were you, I would buy that house.-She would buy a mansion if she were wealthy.

  • You will probably hear many native speakers of English use WAS in these cases, and this is often accepted in spoken, less formal situations.

  • What would YOU do if . . .

    you became rich?you found a wallet on the street?your house caught on fire?your best friend moved far away?your child failed a test?there were an earthquake in California?you saw a famous person on the street?Share Your Responses with the class . . .

  • For additional practice . . .Go to the following website address. Write down the web address for more practice.

    http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/2cond.htm

  • The Use of Unreal Conditionals: PastUsed to talk about:Past unreal or imagined situations

    +The unreal results

  • Unreal result:he wouldnt have had an accident.(He did have an accident)

  • Form

    If Clause: Past PerfectResult Clause: Would have + Past ParticipleIf he had driven carefully,he wouldnt have had an accident.If she had seen the movie,she would have laughed hard.If it had snowed, we would have gone skiing

  • If Clause: Past PerfectResult Clause: Would have + Past ParticipleIf he had driven carefully,he wouldnt have had an accident.If she had seen the movie,she would have laughed hard.If it had snowed, we would have gone skiing

  • Make a sentence about this photo:If someone (check) the wheels, they (fall off) .

  • Make a sentence about this photo:

  • Complete the sentences1) If you ______(not/be) late, we ______(not/miss) the bus.2) If she______ (study) she______ (pass) the exam.3) If we______ (arrive) earlier, we______ (see) John.4) If they______ (go) to bed early, they______ (not/wake) up late. 5) If he______ (become) a musician, he______ (record) a CD.6) If she______ (go) to art school, she______ (become) a painter.7) If I ______ (be) born in a different country, I ______ (learn) to speak a different language. 9) If we ______ (not/go) to the party, we ______ (not/meet) them.

  • Second or third conditional?We sometimes mix second and third conditionals if a hypothetical situation in the past has a present/future consequence.

    Example: He wouldnt be so relaxed if he hadnt finished his exams.

  • Warm up 2nd conditional

  • If Clause: Past PerfectResult Clause: Would have + Past ParticipleIf he had driven carefully,he wuldnt have had an accident.If she had seen the movie,she would have laughed hard.If it had snowed, we would have gone skiing