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University of Delaware VEB Research & Demonstration University of Delaware Environmental House Demo VEB, 2003

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University of Delaware VEB Research & Demonstration

University of Delaware Environmental House Demo VEB, 2003

University of Delaware Research:Farm Layout & Sample Location

Study Site 2002- present

E

W

N S

VEB Planting

Air samples:• Odor• Ammonia• PM 10• PM2.5

U of Delaware Test Site – Working Broiler Farm - 2003

Bald Cypress 16”

Leyland C 14”

Red Cedar 8’

Tree Type & Planting Distance

U of Delaware Test Site – Working Broiler Farm - 2003

Wind: A Major Challenge in Measuring Emissions

Photo: J. Tyndall, ISU

U of Delaware Test Site – Working Broiler Farm - 2003

Crosswind barrier

Smoke Test & Dust Accumulation Observations

30’

8’

Sampling Procedures & Methods

• 4-5 hr sampling events week prior to broiler and roaster movement

• 2002 = 10 days; 2003 = 9 days (summer flocks)

• Total dust: gravimetric using 37mm cassettes and pumps calibrated at 2 L/min. (NIOSH # 0500)

• Ammonia: Gastec dosimeter tubes # 3DL (10 ppm) and Impinger method (OSHA ID-164)

• H2SO4 : 10L tedlar bags sent to ISU (Jerome 631 H2SO4 Analyzer)

• Odor: 10L tedlar bags sent to ISU (AC’Scent International Standard Olfactometer)

Front Rear

4’

Sampling Procedure:

• 2 locations opposite tunnel fans (front and rear)

• ~5 hrs/day, one week prior to broiler & roaster movement

• # Sampling events during summer flocks: 10 days in 2002; 9 days in 2003

University of Delaware Test Site – Working Broiler Farm - 2003

Photo: J. Tyndall, ISU

3 Years of Data Suggest VEB Reduce from Tunnel Fans:

Delaware –

– Ammonia 47%

– Total dust 51%

– Odor 13% XX

22 ft three row VEB

VEB Planting at University of Delaware Environmental House

South North

East West

Bud Malone
UD has an enviromental house to evaluate technologies to address litter quality, air quality and emissions from houses. We have a VEB program around this house demonstrate and show this program.

University of Delaware

Main Contact: George “Bud” Malone, Extension Poultry Specialist

Research and Education Center16483 County Seat HighwayGeorgetown, DE 19947

(302) 856-7303(302) 856-2585  ext. 557(302) 856-1845 (FAX)[email protected]

Other researchers:

Dave Hansen, Assistant Professor, Soil and Environmental Quality

Gary Van Wicklen, Extension Poultry Production Engineer, Assoc. Professor BioResources Engineering