unit2 lesson1-explorers

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  • The Explorers

    Why did Europeans sail to new places?

    By: Mr. Casey

  • Whats it like in Europe?

    Middle Ages (Dark Ages)

    600-1450 A.D

    Feudalism

    The Middle Ages

  • Whats it like in Europe?

    Europe is suffering from plaque and disease, wars, and poverty.

    The Middle Ages

  • The Crusades

    Europeans want to recapture the holy lands. Europeans will fight for 200 years over the land.

  • The world according to Europe!

    This is the known world!

  • Marco Polo

    * 1295 Marco Polo comes back from being in Asia for 25 years. He tells stories of golden palaces, jewels, silk, and spices.

  • Europe is Changing

    *Europe is in the middle of the renaissance (1300-1500)

  • MARCO POLOS ROUTE

  • The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople

    *1453 they capture the city of Constantinople and block trade through the city.

    *Silk and spices become very hard to come by and very expensive

    Europeans have to find a new way to Asia

  • The Silk Highway

    *Route is long and filled with dangers, but the resources from Asia are in high demand

  • The Silk Highway

    *Europeans begin looking for a new way to Asia

  • New Technology Changes Everything

    Gutenberg invents movable type and books are easier to print (1440)

  • New Technology

    Magnetic Compass-

    a tool that shows which direction is north

  • New Technology

    Astrolabe-

    a tool that helped sailors use the sun and stars to find their location

  • New Technology

    Gunpowder-

    an explosive made of a mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal

  • New Technology

    Caravel-

    a small ship designed by the Portuguese with a lateen (triangular) sail

  • gunpowder

    movable type

    compass

    astronomy & navigation

    These new technologies allow European to explore further than they have in the past

  • China was much more advanced than any country in Europe at that time, but they did not focus on exploration

  • Zheng He

  • Why venture out and risk your life?

  • Money, wealth, and power

    An explorer can get land, get rich and famous

    Spread of Christianity

    If you can convince a king or queen to pay for your expedition, you can earn ...

  • Imagine you are an entrepreneur and you want to lead an expedition to India and Asia; tell me what you would say to a king or queen and how you would sell them on giving you the resources you need to lead your expedition. Where would you go, how, and why? Choose one person to speak to the king or queen.