unit 5 2 nd half review. ppt mexican revolution, irish famine and the revolutions of 1848...

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  • Slide 1
  • Unit 5 2 nd Half Review. ppt Mexican Revolution, Irish Famine and the Revolutions of 1848 Unification of Italy Unification of Germany Nationalism in the Middle East Agricultural Revolution Imperialism Meiji Restoration
  • Slide 2
  • Mexican Revolution The Mexican Revolution was caused by Mexicans disagreeing on political matters.
  • Slide 3
  • Porfirio Daz Mexican soldier and politician who became president after a coup in 1876 and governed the country until 1911. His increasingly dictatorial methods led to his overthrow and flight to Paris, where he died in exile.
  • Slide 4
  • Francisco Pancho Villa Leader of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1911) against Daz. Villa crossed the border and attacked Columbus, New Mexico, killing a number of citizens and destroying part of the town. A punitive expedition dispatched to Mexico from the U.S. failed to capture Villa. He was assassinated in 1923.
  • Slide 5
  • Zapata Mexican revolutionary who led a revolt (1910- 1919) for agrarian reforms, during which he captured Mexico City three times.
  • Slide 6
  • The encomienda system The Spanish king gave land in Latin America & Indians to Spaniards, who became encomenderos. In return, the encomenderos were had to provide religious instruction for their Indians and to protect them. Similar to Feudal Europe and Tokugawa Japan
  • Slide 7
  • Hierarchy of class structure in Latin America
  • Slide 8
  • Peninsulares: a Spanish-born Spaniard residing in the New World Creoles: full Spanish descent born in the Americas Mestizos: people of mixed European (Spanish) and Native American ancestry living in the region of Latin America Mulattos: person of mixed race", a person who has both black and white
  • Slide 9
  • Cash crops A crop which is grown for money. Subsistence crops: are those fed to the farmer's own family.
  • Slide 10
  • Irish Famine Cause of the Irish famine: between 1845 and 1852; a blight (mould) that attacted potatoes and made them uneatable. How famine was result of Geography: Irelands amount rainfall. Landownership system in Ireland: Pushed off the best pasture land and forced to farm smaller plots of land, the Irish turned to the potato, a crop that could be grown abundantly in less favorable soil. Eventually, they were virtually dependent on the potato for survival
  • Slide 11
  • Effect of Famine on the Irish People
  • Slide 12
  • Emigration: By 1854, between 1 and 2 million Irish left their country due to evictions, starvation, and harsh living conditions
  • Slide 13
  • The Revolutions of 1848 Karl Marx: (1818-1883) founder of modern communism; wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867
  • Slide 14