unit 4 africa. africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on earth (asia is the largest...
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Unit 4 Africa
Africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on Earth (Asia is the largest continent).
Africa is bound by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Indian Ocean on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north, and the Red Sea on the northeast.
Africa covers 11,700,000 square miles (30,300,000 square kilometers).
Countries: There are about 53 countries in Africa (some countries are disputed).
The largest country in Africa is Sudan, which covers 967,500 square miles (2,505,816 square kilometers).
The countries with the largest populations in Africa are Nigeria (107,000,000 people), Egypt (64,800,000 people), and Ethiopia (58,700,000 people).
Highest Point: The tallest point in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania (eastern Africa). Mt. Kilimanjaro is 19,340 feet (5895 meters) tall.
Africa has no long mountain chains.
Lowest point :The lowest point in Africa is Lake Assal, in Djibouti (in eastern Africa near the Horn of Africa); it is 512 feet (156 meters) below sea level.
Lakes: Africa's largest lake is Lake Victoria; it covers 26,836 square miles (69,500 square kilometers). Other large lakes in Africa are Lake Tanganyika, Lake Malawi, and Lake Chad.
Rivers: The longest river in Africa is the Nile River; it is 4,241 miles (6825 kilometers) long. Other long rivers in Africa include the Congo River, the Niger River and the Zambezi River.
Deserts: Africa has many vast deserts, including the largest hot desert in the world, the Sahara.
The Sahara Desert is located in northern Africa and covers 3,500,000 square miles (9,065,000 square kilometers).
The Kalahari desert, in southern Africa, is another large desert.
Islands: The largest island off Africa is Madagascar, which is near the coast of southeast Africa. Equatorial Guinea (off the coast of Cameroon), and Sao Tome (southwest of Equatorial Guinea).
Madagascar covers 226,658 square miles (587,000 square kilometers).
Five ( 5 ) countries make up North Africa :
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt
Architecture is a contemporary expression of culture that is influenced by the past.
As a result of the Muslim conquest during Middle ages, all of the countries in North Africa are Islamic.
Most of the population of the North African region are near water. Mainly near the Mediterranean Sea.
The climate in North Africa plays a very important role. The climate makes this region ( North Africa ) a place where people want to live.
Most North African countries are considered to be developing countries. Developing countries are countries that are becoming more and more modernized.
North Africa has several limited natural resources such as oil, phosphate rock, and natural gas.
The North African region is similar to the Middle East in many ways. The most common characteristic would be the Muslim faith.
Europe and Southwest Asia have both had a big influence in the cultural development of North Africa.
Other cultures in North Africa are : Berber, Nomadic, and Arabic.
North Africa has a rich heritage and artistic expression. Some examples of artistic expression would be : designs in glassware, mosques with beautiful domes, and painted and dyed cloth.
Alexander brought Greek culture to Egypt.
Most of Egypts population is located in a narrow band that runs from north to south because people migrate toward water. They migrate toward the Nile river, which is the longest river in the world.
Today Egypt is ruled by a president. In the past ancient Egypt was ruled by a pharoah.
All of the countries in North Africa are a republic, except Libya and Morocco. Libya has a dictatorship. Morocco has a constitutional monarchy.