unit 4 africa. africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on earth (asia is the largest...

Download Unit 4 Africa. Africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on Earth (Asia is the largest continent)

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  • Unit 4 Africa

  • Africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on Earth (Asia is the largest continent).

  • Africa is bound by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Indian Ocean on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north, and the Red Sea on the northeast.

  • Africa covers 11,700,000 square miles (30,300,000 square kilometers).

  • Countries: There are about 53 countries in Africa (some countries are disputed).

  • The largest country in Africa is Sudan, which covers 967,500 square miles (2,505,816 square kilometers).

  • The countries with the largest populations in Africa are Nigeria (107,000,000 people), Egypt (64,800,000 people), and Ethiopia (58,700,000 people).

  • Highest Point: The tallest point in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania (eastern Africa). Mt. Kilimanjaro is 19,340 feet (5895 meters) tall.

    Africa has no long mountain chains.

  • Lowest point :The lowest point in Africa is Lake Assal, in Djibouti (in eastern Africa near the Horn of Africa); it is 512 feet (156 meters) below sea level.

  • Lakes: Africa's largest lake is Lake Victoria; it covers 26,836 square miles (69,500 square kilometers). Other large lakes in Africa are Lake Tanganyika, Lake Malawi, and Lake Chad.

  • Rivers: The longest river in Africa is the Nile River; it is 4,241 miles (6825 kilometers) long. Other long rivers in Africa include the Congo River, the Niger River and the Zambezi River.

  • Deserts: Africa has many vast deserts, including the largest hot desert in the world, the Sahara.

  • The Sahara Desert is located in northern Africa and covers 3,500,000 square miles (9,065,000 square kilometers).

  • The Kalahari desert, in southern Africa, is another large desert.

  • Islands: The largest island off Africa is Madagascar, which is near the coast of southeast Africa. Equatorial Guinea (off the coast of Cameroon), and Sao Tome (southwest of Equatorial Guinea).

  • Madagascar covers 226,658 square miles (587,000 square kilometers).

  • North Africa

  • Five ( 5 ) countries make up North Africa :

    Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt

  • Architecture is a contemporary expression of culture that is influenced by the past.

  • As a result of the Muslim conquest during Middle ages, all of the countries in North Africa are Islamic.

  • Most of the population of the North African region are near water. Mainly near the Mediterranean Sea.

  • The climate in North Africa plays a very important role. The climate makes this region ( North Africa ) a place where people want to live.

  • Most North African countries are considered to be developing countries. Developing countries are countries that are becoming more and more modernized.

  • North Africa has several limited natural resources such as oil, phosphate rock, and natural gas.

  • The North African region is similar to the Middle East in many ways. The most common characteristic would be the Muslim faith.

  • Europe and Southwest Asia have both had a big influence in the cultural development of North Africa.

  • Other cultures in North Africa are : Berber, Nomadic, and Arabic.

  • North Africa has a rich heritage and artistic expression. Some examples of artistic expression would be : designs in glassware, mosques with beautiful domes, and painted and dyed cloth.

  • Alexander brought Greek culture to Egypt.

  • Most of Egypts population is located in a narrow band that runs from north to south because people migrate toward water. They migrate toward the Nile river, which is the longest river in the world.

  • Today Egypt is ruled by a president. In the past ancient Egypt was ruled by a pharoah.

  • All of the countries in North Africa are a republic, except Libya and Morocco. Libya has a dictatorship. Morocco has a constitutional monarchy.

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