Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early Civilizations Chapter 1: Early Peoples of the World (Pages 2-9)
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Unit 1: From Pre-History to Early CivilizationsChapter 1: Early Peoples of the World(Pages 2-9)
For our class: There are 8 Units in this book (about 1 month for each)Each Unit has 3-5 Chapters (about 1 chapter a week)Each Chapter has 3-5 Sections (1 section each day)
Lets look at pages 2 and 3 in your bookWhy does the start of each chapter have a time line?Why is there a map on the top right of the start of each Chapter?Is there anything you should read on this page?What else on that page looks like it could be useful?
Now: lets look at page 4Most people skip over the parts which will help them the most.Right under the title are the MAIN IDEAS of the section. On the left are: Terms to Know often words that may be new or unfamiliar to you).What else SHOULD you look at in each section (before you start to read?
Lets start on Section I: Prehistoric Time(Pages 2-9) This section is about:How archeological discoveries led scientists to believe that human pre-history began in Africa.How some groups of pre-historic humans developed tools.How humans adapted to changing conditions in their environment.
Pre-history: any period of time before things were recorded
This never happened (people fighting dinosaurs)
Archeologists: people who study the pastItems they find helps them figure out the past even 6-7 million years ago during the stone age.Modern technology has helped archeologists a lot: things like carbon-14 dating, ground sensors, and even space/satellite images.
Early humansWhen scientists looked for early humans, they looked in Africa.These scientists were anthropologists people who study humans and their characteristics
Two of these anthropologists were Louis and Mary Leaky -they found a hominid fossil as much as 4.5 million years old (the oldest human-like fossil found).Their son found another homo-habilis about 1.8 million years old.And, another man found Lucy a skeleton about 3 million years old an Australopithecus hominid.
Anthropologists thinkAbout 2.6 million years ago, people started using tools.Humans are the only species on earth that uses tools so thats a pretty big thing.Its the very start of human culture a way of life thats passed to the next generation.
Some other groups of hominids:Homo-erectus: first to use fire, hunt animals, cook food, fish (the men), and care for children, and hunt for nuts, fruits, and berries (the women).Also: began to migrate (move) to new places (food, warmth, safety).People who move around all the time can also be called (nomads)
AnotherHomo-Sapiens: two groups of hominidsNeanderthals:Early homo sapiensLived about 70,000 BCThey knew how to hunt, use stone and wood tools, and lives mostly in caves, and maybe even played some music.No one really know why they disappeared, but maybe during an ice age.Cro-Magnons: May have competed with Neanderthals for food.Good toolmakers, hunters, and fishermen.Superior language skillsBy 8000 BC were very much like modern humans.Well known for their art (next slide)
Cro-Magnon ArtAbout 300 caves in Europe (France) have early paintingsAlso: some ivory, antler and stone sculpturesWhat might be reasons they made these paintings? (practical/artistic/other)
And, some things which havent been explained yet(like Stonehenge)