unit 1 cultural relics. trial evidence explode entrance n. 审判；审讯；试验 n....
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Unit 1 Unit 1 Cultural Cultural relicsrelics
n. 审判；审讯；试验n. 根据；证据vi. 爆炸n. 入口
1. Read this passage and think about the difference between a fact and an opinion.
What is a fact?
What is an opinion?
What is evidence?The facts given by the eyewitness is called evidence.
A fact is anything that can be proved.
An opinion is what someone believes is true but has not been proved.
2. Now read quickly a man’s story about what happened to the Amber Room. Do you think it is a fact or an opinion? Give your reasons.
I think it is it is an opinion that what id in the boxes is gold or the Amber Room because Jan Hasek did not see what was in the boxes. He listened to other people’s ideas of what might have been inside. Sohis evidence is an opinion.
3. Read the story again and fill in the table.
Name JobPlace Time
What he heardWhat he saw
What he believes
Jan Hasek A miner
April, 1945Czech Republic
1 Some German soldiers put wooden boxes in the mine. 2 The entrance to the mine was closed.
Something exploded at midnight.
The Amber Room and some gold were buried in the mine.
1 trial n. 审判；审讯；试验Trial by jury is a fundamental right.It was a very complicated trial that went on for months.She’s going on / standing trial for fraud.
2 evidence n. 根据；证据 one or more reasons for believing that sth. i
s or is not true:
1 The police have found no evidence of a terrorist link with the murder.2 There is growing / mounting / increasing evidence that people whose diets are rich in vitamins are less likely to develop some types of cancer.
3 explode vi. 爆炸 to (cause to) burst violently:
1 A bomb exploded at one of London’s
busiest railway stations this morning.
2 He was driving so fast that his car
4 entrance n. 入口a door, gate, etc. by which you can enter
a building or place:
There are two entrances — one at the
front and one round the back.
You are going to hear another two people talk about what happened to the Amber Room.
1 Listen to Part A and write down where the Amber Room was list. _______.
2 Listen to Part B and write down how the Amber Room was list. _________.
In a fire
Listen to the tape again. Stop after each other part and fill in the blanks.
Name Hans Braun
Job a sailor Place Konigsberg
One night during the war
He was told to_____________________ put some ___________________ onto the ship.
The soldiers said that the heavy boxes ___________________.
help German soldiersbig wooden boxes
are full of treasure
The ship_______________. on th
e voyage, the ship _____________
and sank. Almost _____________.
He had to swim three kilometres
went out to sea
he was saved by German ship
One night in 1941
___________ came to the castle with ____________.
___________________ took the boxes into the castle.
She heard that a special __________ in the castle was shown to _________________.
Many trucksLarge boxes
The German soldiers
At the end of August, 1944
She heard ____________________, and she saw ___________________.
She found some melted pieces of something that looked like ______. The soldiers told her that the melted pieces could have come from_________________.
something explodedThe castle was on fire
The Amber Room
Part A: Hans Braun’s storyHello, I’m Hans Braun, an old German sailor. During the war my ship was at theKönigsberg. On night I was told to help our soldiers put some big wooden boxes onto my ship. They were very heavy and the soldiers said they were full of treasure. The ship went out to sea.
On our voyage, our ship was attacked and sank. Almost evermore died. I had to swim three kilometres before I was saved by a German ship. Nobody had time to save the boxes. They must still be buried in the sand. Now a group of people who are searching for the Amber Room have asked me to help them find the ship.
Part B: Anna Petrov’s story
Hello, my name is Anna Petrov. I was a
maid at the castle in Kaliningrad
between 1940 and 1945. On night in
1941 many trucks came to the castle
with large boxes. The German soldiers
took the boxes into the castle.
Later we heard that a special aert trea
sure in the castle was shown to import
ant visitors. Perhaps it was the Amber
Room nut I never saw it. Then at the e
nd of August, 1944, I heard something
explored. When I looked outside I saw
that the castle was in fire.
The next morning, I found some melted
pieces of something that looked like
honey. Russian soldiers later told me it
was amber and it could have come from
the Amber Room.
1. Discuss in pairs which person gave the best evidence, using the information in the former section. The following expressions may help you.
Do / Don’t you think that…?Would you consider…? Why / Why not…?Do you have any idea about…?How do you know that?
Are you sure that he / she was tellingthe truth?What do you think?What do you think of…?What’s your idea / opinion of…?What would you say…?How do you feel about…?Who do you think was…?
What are your reasons for saying that…
I think / don’t think that…
Sorry, I agree / don’t agree with you.
It can be proved.
That can’t be true.
I don’t believe…, because…
I think … is telling the truth because…
2. Write down the reasons for your choice.
It can be proved that _____________ gave the best evidence because __________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Anna Petrovshe saw
something tht could have come from the Amber Room and she has nothing to gain from her story
We have talked about what we should do
to protect the cultural relics; now we’ll
learn a letter from a German newspaper.
The writer gives his opinion about what
should be done with the cultural relic that
has been found.
2. Fast reading for general ideas and then fill in the table.
What’s being talked about?
What is Johann’s opinion?
Some people are searching for the Amber Room.
He doesn’t agree that it should be returned to Russia, or to any government.
What are Johann’s reasons for not returning it to Russia?
The search has cost them a lot of time and money.
3. Discuss the following questions in turn and think of some reasons for your ideas.
Questions for the discussion
1) Who do you think the Amber Room belongs to?
2) What should you do with things you have found even if the search cost you time and money?
3) Do you agree with Johann’s idea?
4. An informal class debate Tips for an informal class debate There must be a question with two possible answers. There must be a chairperson. There must be two sides in the class “for” or “against” the question. Each side take turns to debate and gives reasons for their opinion. At the end there should be a class vote. The chairperson says which side wins and
1. think highly / much / well of…
=sing high praise for… 看重；器重 think little / nothing of…
The headmaster thought highly of
me for my good performance.
The little boy was well thought of b
They think highly of him.
他们很敬重他。No, not really! I think only the professor
really understands it. But I know the
government thinks highly of it.
2 informal adj. (of situations) not formal or official, or (of clothing, behaviour, speech) suitable when you are with friends and family but not for official occasions: 非正式的1.We had an informal meeting.
我们做了非正式的会晤。2.These words are informal.
3 debaten. (a) serious discussion of a subject in which many people take part:争论；辩论 vi. to discuss a subject in a formal way:争论；辩论
After a long debate the bill was passed.