understanding multiculturalism

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  • 1. Understanding Culture and Multiculturalism
  • 2. RULES FOR DISCUSSION Treat others as you would like to be treated Classroom discussions are confidential Mutual respect for each other must be tolerated Attacks on another person are not permitted We can agree to disagree Everyone must speak from their own experiences Try to refer to one another by name
  • 3. Commonly used terms Culture Ethnicity Race
  • 4. CULTURE A totality of learned behaviors in the context of a social system (Slonim, 1991) Includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capacities and habits acquired by individuals as members of society The characteristics of that individuals society or some subgroup within that society We live it and may cause some distress when we are out of our culture. Attributes include familial, linguistic, religious, spiritual, aesthetic, socioeconomic, educational, dietary, gender etc.
  • 5. Culture-explicit and implicit Explicit aspects of culture-language, dress, food habits, religion, aesthetic conventions-taught deliberately and learned (tip of iceberg) Implicit aspects of culture-equally important; habits often invisible to us- timeliness, what is proper or improper
  • 6. RACE A socially determined category that is related to physical characteristics in a complex way (Banks & Banks). Not a stable category; has changed over time Used often in US as if there is total agreement about definition ( school forms, Birth/death certificates etc) Has been defined socially, biologically and geographically
  • 7. RACE-PHYSICAL Physical and inborn characteristics Skin color, body build or facial features Unlike culture-race cannot be changed or learned or acquired after birth Other terms used-Negroid, Caucasoid and Mongoloid
  • 8. RACE-GEOGRAPHICALLY Determined by the region of the world and country African, American Indian, Asian, Australian, European, Indian, Melanesian, and Polynesian
  • 9. RACE-UNITED STATES Should not be reviewed solely but important to note Individuals are asked to state race on forms Society places emphasis on race and some individuals may claim that their race affects the quality of their life experiences ( Some African American and Latino American men may feel some harassment due to their race)
  • 10. RACE-Why is it difficult to discuss? May be considered taboo to discuss (especially in mixed settings) There may be denial on personal prejudice, racism, failing to acknowledge its impact on the individuals life Not easily defined or understood
  • 11. Ethnicity An individuals sense of identification and provides a sense of belonging to a reference group [derived from five major racial categories- African American, Native American, Asian American, Latino American, European American] (Slonim, 1991) African-Caribbean , Jewish American, Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Italian American, Muslim, Cherokee, Navajo
  • 12. More on Ethnicity Persons can be at different stages of the ethic awareness Ethnic group is a cultural group with a sense of peoplehood, shared history, common ancestry, and common set of political and economic interests
  • 13. MULTICULTURALISM A WORLD VIEW THAT REJECTS THE GLOBAL CENTRALITY OF ANY SINGLE CULTURE OR HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE A PRINCIPLE, AN APPROACH, OR A SET OF RULES OF CONDUCT THAT GUIDES THE INTERACTIONS AND INFLUENCES THE PERCEPTIONS, BELIEFS, ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIORS OF PEOPLE FROM DIVERSE CULTURAL BACKGROUNDS
  • 14. Multicultural Education-IT IS An idea An education reform movement A process
  • 15. Multicultural Education A multifaceted, organizational, change-oriented strategy aimed at seven goals 1. Educational equity 2. Empowerment of students, parents, and teachers 3. Development of society that values cultural pluralism 4. Understanding and harmony in classroom, school and community 5. Maintenance and expansion of freedom and democracy 6.knowledge of cultural and ethnic groups 7.develop all staff , parents and students with multicultural perspective
  • 16. Cultural Pluralism The notion that groups should be allowed and even encouraged to hold on to what gives them their unique identities while maintaining their membership in the larger social framework. It does not advocate separatism but promote diversity - not a melting pot but a salad bowl concept-unity with uniqueness!
  • 17. Multicultural Education-A little history Grew out of the civil rights movement of the 1960s which was grounded in the democratic ideas of freedom, justice and equality Extends the values and beliefs inherent in a democracy- the promotion of human rights and privileges, the sharing power and equal participation in all social contexts
  • 18. Communication and Culture Playing by the Rules
  • 19. Educational Setting Schools have a culture that has values, beliefs and norms that are related to school success
  • 20. School Culture Rigid schedules Analytical reasoning Individual achievement Competition Definition of disability according to laws Certain learning styles (visual and auditory)
  • 21. Possible home cultures Flexible schedules Intuitive reasoning Achievement through cooperation Definition of disability by physical characteristics, intuition, other family members with disability. Different learning styles
  • 22. Language and Communication language and culture are so inextricably intertwined that it is often difficult to consider one without the other (Padron & Knight, 1990) It includes: Pronunciation Vocabulary Phonology (rhythm, tempo pitch) When to speak and what is left unspoken Questioning Dialects, accents
  • 23. Language and Communication Students whose spoken and written language does not match the requirements of mainstream language experience academic difficulties due to differences in language capabilities. May cause overrepresentation of students in Special Education due to language differences- especially students who speak English as a second language .
  • 24. Nonverbal Communication 65% of all communication is related to nonverbal communication Proxemics (interpersonal space) Kinesics (body language) Haptics (frequency of touching) Paralanguage (voice, tone, pitch and rhythm) Inexperience teachers often overreact to nonverbal cultural manifestation by imposing rules and prohibitions
  • 25. Teaching Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) Students Addressi

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