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Ubuntu DesktopUbuntu is the most popular desktop Linux distribution. Development of Ubuntu is led by Canonical Ltd., a company based on the Isle of Man and owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttle worth.
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning 'humanity to others'. It also means 'I am what I am because of who we all are'. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
What is Ubuntu operating system?SuperX is a desktop-oriented computer operating system based on Ubuntu and Debian GNU/Linux, using a highly customized KDE desktop environment. It was originally developed in India by a teenager who built it using free and open-source software.
Ubuntu(OS) HistoryDeveloper: Canonical Ltd., Ubuntu community
OS family: Linux
Initial release: 20October 2004; 11 years ago
Latest release: 15.04 Vivid Vervet / 23April 2015; 5 months ago
latest preview: 15.10 Willy Werewolf Release candidate15, October 2015,
Marketing target: Personal computers,Servers, Tablet computers(Ubuntu touch), Smart
Available in: More than 55 languages
Update method: APT(Software updater)
kernel type Monolithic(Linux)user land : GNULicense: free software license mainly GPLofficial Website: www.ubuntu.com
Features Available UbuntuA default installation of Ubuntu contains a wide range of software that includes LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, Transmission, and several lightweight games such as Sudoku and chess. Many additional software packages, including titles no longer in the default installation such as Evolution, GIMP, Pidgin, and Synaptic, are accessible from the built in Ubuntu Software Center as well as any other APT based package management tool. Execution of Microsoft Office and other Microsoft Windows applications can be facilitated via the Wine compatibility package or through the use of a virtual machine such as VirtualBox or VMware Workstation.
System Requirements & InstallationThe system requirements vary among Ubuntu products. For the Ubuntu desktop release 14.04, a PC with at least 768MB of RAM and 5GB of disk space is recommended. For less powerful computers, there are other Ubuntu distributions such as Lubuntu and Xubuntu. As of version 12.04, Ubuntu supports the ARM architecture. Ubuntu is also available on PowerPC, and SPARC platforms although these platforms are not officially supported.
Ubuntu running on theNexus S, a smartphone that ranAndroid prior to Ubuntu
Ubuntu has released its latest version 15.04 named Vivid Vervet Desktop
Some of the changes that are noticed in this version are listed below :New Linux Kernel version 3.19Upstart has been replaced with systemd as the standard boot & service managerBugs of Unity 7.3 ( Ubuntu Desktop) fixedFirefox updated to version 36 & chrome updated to version 41Lots of improvements in LibreOffice 4.4Latest container (LXC) managerDocker 1.5.0 has been introduced.
Steps to Install Ubuntu 15.04
Step:1 Download the ISO file using the following links
Download Ubuntu 15.04 (64-bit)Download Ubuntu 15.04 (32-bit)
Once the iso file has been downloaded, burn it into DVD or USB drive and make it bootable.
Step:2 Boot your system with Bootable DVD / USB drive.
To start the installation click on Install Ubuntu
Step:3 Check Install Prerequisite
Make sure you have at least 6.6 GB free disk space and if you want to download updates and third party tools at the installation , check both the boxes and make sure system is connected to Internet
1) Download updates while installing2) Install this third-party software
Step:4 Select the Installation TypeIf your system has new hard drive and if nothing installed on it , then you can choose the first option Erase disk & Install Ubuntu.
If you want LVM based file system , then use third option Use LVM with new Ubuntu Installation
If you want to create customize partition table , the use last option Some else
Step: 5 Select your respective Time Zone
Step:6 Select your respective Keyboard Layout
Step:7 Set the Hostname of your system and User credentials that will be used after installation.
Step:7 As shown below Installation has started.
Once the installation is completed, it will ask to restart the Machine.
Step:8 Login Screen after reboot.Use the same user and its credentials that we have set during the installation.
We will get below screen after entering the credentials.
Ubuntu 15.04 Installation is Completed Now. Enjoy and have Fun with latest version of Ubuntu Linux
Ubuntu 15.04 Installation is Completed Now. Enjoy and have Fun with the latest version of Ubuntu Linux