työaikaisen liikenneturvallisuuden parantaminen

Download Työaikaisen liikenneturvallisuuden parantaminen

Post on 18-Oct-2014

478 views

Category:

Education

4 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Perjantaimeeting 8.11.2013 Simo Salminen, vanhempi tutkija, Työterveyslaitos

TRANSCRIPT

Well-being through work

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

*Tyaikaisen liikenneturvallisuudenparantaminenSimo Salminen

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

WORK-RELATED TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS**Esittjn nimi

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

TYLIIKENNEKUOLEMATVuosina 1975-1994 puolet tykuolemista liikenteess (joko tymatkalla tai tyaikana liikenteess)Tilanne ei ole muuttunut, vain tilastointi on0-tapaturmaa ajattelu: Kukaan ei kuole tai loukkaannu vakavasti tyss

**Esittjn nimi

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

**Esittjn nimiTyliikenne- vs. tymatkatapaturmat

Tyaikana liikenteess Tymatkalla-miehet-naiset-50-65 v.-50-65 v. (yli 50v. naisilla 2,5)-95% autolla-kevyt & julkinen liik-tammikuussa-tammikuussa-klo 13-15-klo 7-9, 15-17-toimihenkilt, avainhenkilt-kaikki tysskyvt

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

**Esittjn nimiTyaikana liikenteesstilastokeskuksen tyvoimatutkimus 1995, n=5150

pivittin 24,5%viikoittain 18,8%kerran kuussa 9,5%600 000 tyasioissa liikenteess pivittin

miehet, 35-54 v., kuljetus, kaivos ja rakennusala, maa- ja metsty, kaupallinen ty

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

**Esittjn nimiTyliikenteen riskitekijtMyynti- ja markkinointihenkilst (n=1102, 44%)Rakennustyliset (n=741, 30%)Vertailu ty- ja vapaa-ajan liikenteen riskitTyliikenteess: kiire, tyasiat mieless, knnykn kytt, vsymysVapaa-aika: pyskintipaikan lytminen, heikko fyysinen kunto

Esittjn nimi

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health www.ttl.fi

**Esittjn nimiTyaikana liikenteess

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **AIMThe aim of this study is to describe two interventions, how companies can improve their personnel traffic safety during work hours. These interventions were discussion group method and anticipatory driving.

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Discussion methodKurt Lewin during II World War in USA showed that a decision made after group discussion changed attitudes more than a lectureTo get houseviwes to use internal organs of cows: After discussion 1/3, after lecture 3%In Sewing factory, a group discussion increased productivity by 12 %.

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Misumi's experiments at Japan 45 bus drivers involved in 2 or more collisions in two discussion sessions: the accident rate decreased by 80%

Workers and foremen of the shipyard meet once a week: during 10 years accident rate fell to 3% of the original

The accident rate of the cranemen of the shipyard decreased to the one tenth during 10 years. The most dangerous work task was to load steel pipes onto ships

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Study on Swedish telecom40,000 employees of whom 900 randomly five groups:Driver training: skid training and commentary drivingBonus: 6,000 SEK if no crash, each crash -200 SEKCampaign: five information meetings on current topicsDiscussion: three meetings with 8-15 driversControl: drive as earlierThe number of accidents decreased driver training,bonus and discussion groupsWhen accident costs calculated, the discussion group most effective

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **METHODSElectric company responsible for capital areaAll 172 electrician participatedThree small group meetings with 7-14 drivers: 19 teamsMeetings lasted 45-60 minutesEvery teams selected one chair who was trained

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **FLOW CHART OF DISCUSSION PROCES

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **RESULTS 1

First round: 183 problems, average 9.6/team

Second round: 594 suggestions, 33/team

Third round: 53 commitments, 2.8/team

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Results 2: Change on work-related traffic and occupational accidentsBefore Discussion groups After Change1998-2000 2001-2002 2003-2005 %------------------------------------------------------------------ 85-72.2737484+15.1

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Second intervention179 employees participated one-day course Three hours lectures on anticipatory drivingFour hours driving with their own carsThe course carried out on the empty runway of airportOne year later 61 drivers drove by heavy vehicles

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Experiment on runway of airport

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **MethodsCentral measure: audit of work-related trafficAn expert group of 6-10 employees and researchersAssessment of 39 topic: old tyres of vehicles

Esittjn nimi

Simo Salminen / **Results: auditTable 1. Results of the audit processes

TimeIn good Developement In bad condition required condition---------------------------------------------------------------2000 10 21 82002 22 15 22004 26 12 1

Between two first audits: 2 = 6.4, df = 1, p

Recommended

View more >