Twentieth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization. (To May 1926)

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<ul><li><p>Twentieth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the Historyof Civilization. (To May 1926)Author(s): George SartonSource: Isis, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb., 1927), pp. 145-214Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/224186 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 02:18</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ucpresshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=hsshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/224186?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Twentieth Critical Bibliography of the </p><p>History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization. </p><p>(to May 1926) </p><p>This Twentieth Bibliography contains 535 items. Some of the notes were contributed by T. L. DAVIS (Cambridge, Mass.), L. GUINET (Brus- sels), H. METZGER (Paris), D. E. SMITH (New York), H. WIELEITNER </p><p>(Munich), J. K. WRIGHT (New York). An author's index will be found at the end. For general information </p><p>on this undertaking see the Prefaces to the Sixteenth and Eighteenth Bibliogr.aphies, in Isis VII, 172-4, 1925; VIII, 526-8, 1926. </p><p>I wish to emphasize the fact that there is no relation between the length of a note and the importance of a work. It often happens that a very important publication can be dealt with very briefly; it happens equally often that a relatively unimportant publication requires a much </p><p>longer explanation. The reader will notice that a few items are preceded by an (*) aste- </p><p>risk. This means that the item is quoted secondhand and that I had no sufficient means of checking it. This system will be applied in a moderate way, and only in the case of publications which seem impor- tant and yet are difficult to reach. The purpose is to help the reader </p><p>pending the time which may elapse before more correct information is obtained. </p><p>The present bibliography contains the second supplement to the writer's Introduction to the History of Science, vol. 1, Washington 1927. </p><p>The ultimate aims of this undertaking are : (1) to establish the His- </p><p>tory of Science as an independent discipline; (2) to demonstrate induc- </p><p>tively the Unity of Knowledge and the Unity of Mankind; (3) to serve as a center of information and rallying ground to the scholars engaged in our studies. I can not succeed entirely without their assistance, and they can help me in many ways. To serve them, as well as I can, is both my duty and my pleasure. Critical work must be approached in a spirit of service or left untouched. </p><p>Harvard Library, Room 185 </p><p>Cambridge, 38, Massachusetts. GEORGE SARTON. June 23, 1926. </p><p>VOL. IX- 1 10 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>IX C. B. C., VIII C B. C. </p><p>List of facsimiles. </p><p>The four facsimiles printed on plates 5, 6, 7, 8 refer to L. C. KARPINSKI'S paper on the earliest known American arithmetic (see under XVIIth century A, below). We owe them to the courtesy of the author, of the Garcia Library in Austin, Texas, and of the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, Rhode Island. P1. 5. Earliest known American arithmetic, Mexico City, 1649. </p><p>Title page. P1. 6. Idem. Page 13. Division by 60. P1. 7. Idem. Page 58 verso. P1. 8. Title page of another early American arithmetical work, </p><p>published in Mexico City in 1675 by BENITO FERNANDEZ DE </p><p>BELO. This book is devoted not to arithmetic proper, but , to the formation of companies of soldiers in squares, in hollow squares, in hexagonal formation and in other </p><p>strange geometrical forms ,,. </p><p>PART I </p><p>Fundamental Classification (centurial). </p><p>Books and papers relative to a period longer than one century but not longer than two are also included in Part I. They are then classified under the most important of both centuries; I mean that one wherein their center of gravity falls. There can be no objection to this, for no one interested in one Iparticular century, say the xtnith, can possibly avoid reading the notes concerning the two adjoining centuries, the xitth and xivth. </p><p>It will be observed that the part dealing with the period extending from the Ivth century B. C. to the xIth century inclusive is divided into half-century periods. Thus for every one of those centuries there are (or may be) three sections: the first dealing with the whole century, the second, with the first half, the third with the second half. This has been done te make comparisons with volume I of SARTON'S Introduction to the History of Science (1927) more easy. </p><p>IXth Century B. C. </p><p>Boiling, George Melville. The external evidence for interpolation in HOMER. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1926. ISTs </p><p>VlIIlth Century B. C. </p><p>Lippmann, Edmund 0. von. Abbildung des iiltesten bisher bekannten Riibenbauers. Deutsche Ziickerindustrie, S. 169, 1926. isis </p><p>Portrait of MERODACHBALADAN, King of Babylonia from 722 to 711 B. C., with whom the history of beet culture begins. G. S. </p><p>146 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>VII C. B. C., VI C. B. C., V C. B. C. </p><p>Vllth Century B. C. </p><p>Lofthouse, William Frederick. JEREMIAH and the new covenant. VI +- 222 p. London, Student Christian Movement, 1925. Isis </p><p>Thompson, R. Campbell. On the chemistry of the ancient Assyrians. 157 typewritten mimeographed pages, 6 plates of Cuneiform texts. 32 cm. London, LUZAC, 1925. ISIs </p><p>This is a companion volume to the author's Assyrian herbal, Lon- don 1925, reviewed in Isis, VIII, 506-8. The tablets published, trans- lated and discussed in the present volume, date from the period of ASHURBANIPAL (667-626 B. C.) and deal chiefly with the methods used by the Assyrians of that time to make glass and to color it in various ways. They not only give the Assyrian names for the different kinds of glass and glazes, but also the actual formulae for their manufacture. As this book will be consulted by a number of scholars who have no notion whatever of how glass is made the author has had the good idea of including a summary of (( the modern technical processes of making glass compared with the ancient ). However, for the average historian of science the difficulty is not chemical but philologic, and he will have no means of appreciating the value of CAMIPBELL'S work. In the last analysis it is only the Assyriologist who can pronounce a well considered judgment. The work is divided as follows : 1. Introductory; 2. Meaning of the ancient word abnu, stone; 3. Cuneiform tablets relating to the manu- facture of glass; 4. Modern technical processes; 5. Ancient components; (i. Coloring of glass; 7. Assyrian glass; 8. The alkali in Assyrian glass; 9. The sand, id.; 10. The lime, id.; 11. Details of glass manufacture; 12. Assyrian methods of making glass; 13. The simplest Assyrian glaze; 14. The Assyrian glass sirsu and dusu 15. Arsenic; 16. Barumnu (?), iron rust (?); 17. Summary of the preceding identifications; 18. Other forms of glass; 19. Making of copper scale; 20. Uknf merku; 21. Pale blue (?) glass; 22. Ferric oxide; 23. Red-purple; 24. Bronze inlay; Sections 25 to 44. Translation of the texts with notes. Addenda. Bibliography. Indices (General, Assyrian and Sumerian, Hebrew and Aramaic, Syriac, Arabic). It is not too much to say that this book opens a new chapter in the history of chemistry, but many more studies by chemists and Assyrio- logists are needed before that chapter can be satisfactorily written. A long review has been published by E. J. HOLMYARD in Nature, volume 116, 703-4, 1925, and a shorter one, by JULIUS RUSKA in Mitteitutgen zur Geschichte der Medizin, volume 25, 82, 1926. I understand that the latter is preparing a more elaborate study on the subject. G. S. </p><p>VIth Century B. C. </p><p>Grimm, George. The doctrine of the Buddha, the religion of reason. Leipzig, W. DRUGULIN, 1926. - Die Wissenschaft des Buddhismus, 525 p. Leipzig, W. DRUGULIN, 1926. ISIS </p><p>Vth Century B. C. </p><p>Abbott, George Frederick. THUCYDIDES : a study in historical reality. vii + 240 p. London, ROUTLEDGE. 1926. ISIS </p><p>Oils, J. B. F. van. HIPPOCRATES op bezoek bij DEMOCRITUS. Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis der geneeskunde, 6, 37-40, 2 fig., 1926. Isis </p><p>Qoldman, Emil. Die Duenos-Inschrift. xvI + 176 S., 2 Taf. Heidel- berg, CARL WINTER, 1926. ISIS </p><p>147 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>IV C. B. C., III C. B. C </p><p>L'auteur fait remonter l'inscription du curieux vase trijumelle du Vatican, connue sous le nom d'inscription de Duenos, aux environs des annees 450-400; il admet le caractere magique de ce vaisseau triple. L'etude philologique de l'inscription occupe les deux tiers du volume. </p><p>L. G. </p><p>Lechat, Henri. PHIDIAS et la sculpture grecque au Ve siecle. Edition nouvelle: 195 p. Paris, E. DE BOCCARD, 1924. Isis </p><p>Reviewed in Journal des Savants, 23, 275-6, 1925, by A. MELUN. First edition, Paris, Librairie de lArt ancien et moderne, 1906. </p><p>Sargent, Rachel Louisa. The size of the slave population at Athens during the fifth and fourth centuries before Christ. University of Illinois Studies in the Social Sciences, vol. 12, 3, 136 p. Urbana, University of Illinois, 1924. Tsis </p><p>Reviewed by W. S. FETGUSON in The American Historical Review, 31, 501-2, 1926. </p><p>IV th Century B. C. (second half). </p><p>Lorimer, William Latighton. Some notes on the text of PSEUDo-ARIs- TOTLE ,, De Mundo ,. xi+ 148 p. London, MILFORD, 1925. tsis </p><p>See Isis, VII, 177. </p><p>Solovine, Maurice. EPICURE Doctrines et maximes, traduites d'apres le texte critique le plus r6cent. vIi -+ 128 p., F. ALCAN, Paris. 1925. Isis </p><p>Le titre de (( Doctrines et Maximes )), emprunte la vie d'EpicuRE de DIOGONE LAERCE, dont la traduction ouvre le livre de SOLOVINE, couvre les trois lettres d'EpicuRE et les quarante maximes qui nous ont ete con- servees par DIOGENE LAERCE, ainsi que quatre-vingt-une maximes decou- vertes en 1888 par J. C. WOTIcE dans la Bibliotheque du Vatican, et qui n'avaient, je crois, jamais et5 traduites en francais. L'auteur suit le texte critique etabli par P. VON DER MUHLL en 192.2 (Isis, VI, 139), qui mar- quait un progres riel sur celui d'HERMANN USENE (1887), d'ailleurs 6tabli avant la decouverte de WOTKE, mais qui reste l'ouvrage le plus riche en documents sur EPICURE et sa doctrine. La lettre adress6e 'a HeRODOTE traite de la ( physique )); la lettre a PHYTOCLES est un petit traite des phlnomnenes c6elestes; et la troisieme, adressee a MENCiEE, contient ( les principes necessaires pour vivre comme il faut ). L. G. </p><p>*Stiimfler. Heinrich Die Kcnntnisse des ti.crischen K5rpers bei ARISTOTELES unter besonderer Berticksichtigung der Veterinarchi- rurgie. EICHSTAETT, Bronner, (Diss. Milnchen) 1925. is </p><p>IIrd Century B. C. (second half). </p><p>Archimedes. Ueber schwimmende Korper und die Sandzahl. lUbers. u. m. Anm. versehen von A. CZWALINA. (Ostwalds Klass. Nr. 213). Leipzig, 82 S , 8?. Akad. Verl Ges., 1925. 1s8s </p><p>Mit diesem nun wieder ganz friedensmaissig ausgestatteten (freilich auch entsprechend teuren) Bdchn. beschliesst der Verfasser seine neue Archimedes-Uebersetzung, die in den Nrn. 201, 202, 203, 213 jetzt voll- standig vorliegt. Die allgemeinen Bemerkungen hat er getrennt verSffent- licht (s. Isis, VIII, 734). Da die alteren deutschen Uebersetzungen sich kaum noch in privaten Handen befinden, wird das iieue Unternehmen doch vielen von Nutzen sein. H. W. </p><p>148 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>C. B . I C., II C. , Ill C </p><p>Oldham, R. D. The loculus of ARCHIMEDES. Nature, 117, 337-8, 1926. ISIS </p><p>Walleser, Max. Das Edikt von Bhabra. Zur Kritik und Geschichte. (Materialien zur Kunde des Buddhismus, Heft 1), 20 S. Leipzig, OTTO HARItASSOWITZ. 1923. Isis </p><p>Walleser, Max. Nochinals das Edikt von Bhabra, (Materialien zur Kunde des Btddhismus, Heft 9), 23 S. Heidelberg, 1925. Isis </p><p>1st Century B. C. (second half). </p><p>Masson, Louis. Notes medicales sur VIRGILE. Aesculape, 16, 19-23, 1926. Isis </p><p>Ist Century (first half). </p><p>Goguel, Maurice. Jesus the Nazarene -myth or history? Trans- lated by FREDERICK STEPHENS. 247 p. London. FISHER UNWIN, 3 926. ?ISIf </p><p>The original French edition, Paris, 1925, was reviewed in Isis, VIII, 167. </p><p>Klausner, Joseph. JESUS of Nazareth: his times, his life and his teaching. Translated from the original Hebre-w by HERBERT DANBY. 434 p. New York, MACMILLAN, 1925. , Is8 </p><p>lst Century (second half). </p><p>Bacon, Benjamin Wisner. The gospel of MARK : its composition and date. ix + 340 p. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1925. </p><p>IsIS </p><p>Bailey, Kenneth C. The pigments of the ancient Romans as described in the Natural History of the ELDER PLINY. Chemistry and Industry, 44, 1135, 1925. Isis </p><p>Rawlinson, Alfred Edward John St. MARK. With introduction, commentary and additional notes. London, METHIUEN, 1926. </p><p>lInd Century (first half). </p><p>Ldvi, Sylvain PTOLEMEE, le Niddesa et la Brhatkatha. Etudes Asia- tiques, vol. 2, 1-55, 431-32, Paris 1925 1 s1 </p><p>Memoire important qui confirme 1'exactitude de PTOLP1MtE et la vera- cite de ses informations sur l'Inde Transgangetique, et nous permet de dater approximativement le Maha Niddesa, qui fait partie du canon pali: cet ouvrage doit se placer entre la fin du Ier siecle et aa fin du :le. </p><p>G. S. </p><p>lInd Century (second half). </p><p>Charnwood, Oodfrey Rathbone Benson, 1st baron. According to ST. JOHN. XI + 275 p. London, HODDER and SHOUGHTON, 1925. </p><p>ST8 </p><p>IlIrd Century (first half). </p><p>Faye, Eugene de. ORIGENE, sa vie, son oeuvre. sa pensee. Tome I. Sa biographie et ses ecrits. (Bibliotheque de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes. Sciences religieuses, 37). x +243 p. Paris, LEROUX, 1923. </p><p>1818 </p><p>Reviewed in Journal des Savants, 23, 241-252, 1925, by PAUL MON- CEAUX. See Isis. VII, 181. </p><p>149 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 02:18:14 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor....</p></li></ul>

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