Tuesday, Oct. 2 - Theater. 3 types Miracle plays Miracle plays Mystery plays Mystery plays Morality plays Morality plays.

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Tuesday, Oct. 2 - Theater Slide 2 3 types Miracle plays Miracle plays Mystery plays Mystery plays Morality plays Morality plays Slide 3 Miracle plays A miracle play presents a real or fictitious account of the life, miracles, or martyrdom of a saint. By 1200s, they had been divorced from church services and were performed at public festivals. Almost all surviving miracle plays concern either the Virgin Mary or St. Nicholas, the 4th- century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. A miracle play presents a real or fictitious account of the life, miracles, or martyrdom of a saint. By 1200s, they had been divorced from church services and were performed at public festivals. Almost all surviving miracle plays concern either the Virgin Mary or St. Nicholas, the 4th- century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor.MaryNicholasMaryNicholas (Encyclopedia Brittanica online) (Encyclopedia Brittanica online) Slide 4 more Both Mary and Nicholas had active cults during the Middle Ages, and belief in the healing powers of saintly relics was widespread. Characters included the devil, a woman falsely accused of murdering her own child, and a pregnant abbess. Both Mary and Nicholas had active cults during the Middle Ages, and belief in the healing powers of saintly relics was widespread. Characters included the devil, a woman falsely accused of murdering her own child, and a pregnant abbess. Typical of these is a play called St. John the Hairy. At the outset the title character seduces and murders a princess. Upon capture, he is proclaimed a saint by an infant. He confesses his crime, whereupon God and Mary appear and aid John in re viving the princess, which done, the murderer saint is made a bishop. Typical of these is a play called St. John the Hairy. At the outset the title character seduces and murders a princess. Upon capture, he is proclaimed a saint by an infant. He confesses his crime, whereupon God and Mary appear and aid John in re viving the princess, which done, the murderer saint is made a bishop. Slide 5 Why people knew Bible stories: medieval theater Nothing like we have Nothing like we have Connected to the church Connected to the church Slide 6 Mystery Plays Put on by guilds (= mysteries) Put on by guilds (= mysteries) On top of a wagon (which sometimes would be paraded into town) On top of a wagon (which sometimes would be paraded into town) Told Biblical stories to illiterate people Told Biblical stories to illiterate people Very elaborate, involving hundreds of people Very elaborate, involving hundreds of people Still ongoing in places like York and Chester Still ongoing in places like York and Chester Slide 7 Wagons Sometimes quite simple Sometimes quite simple Slide 8 Wagon is brought in a parade Slide 9 Evolved until it is more elaborate 2012 York Mystery Cycle York Mystery Cycle York Mystery Cycle York Mystery Cycle York Mystery Cycle What does this What does this remind you of? remind you of? Slide 10 York mystery plays Each guild puts on one part, such as Guild of Goldsmiths Coming of the 3 Kings Each guild puts on one part, such as Guild of Goldsmiths Coming of the 3 Kings Guild of Shipwrights Building of the Ark Guild of Shipwrights Building of the Ark Guild of Butchers Death of Christ Guild of Butchers Death of Christ Slide 11 The stars God God Jesus Jesus Martyred saints Martyred saints Eve being tempted by Satan Eve being tempted by Satan Fall of Adam Fall of Adam Noah and the Ark Noah and the Ark Slide 12 Elaborate Ark Slide 13 Noah and family Slide 14 Shepherds Slide 15 The Life of Christ Slide 16 Crucifixion of Christ Slide 17 Morality Plays Slide 18 First in Latin, then English Characters: Characters: Vices (Ignorance, Greed, Riot) Vices (Ignorance, Greed, Riot) Virtues (Humility, Good Deeds) Virtues (Humility, Good Deeds) The Devil The Devil Slide 19 Battle between vices and virtues Slide 20 Everyman may go to the devil Everyman may go to the devil A Simple Everyman Play Slide 21 And some non-religious plays, too </p>

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