trentino alto adige presented by: annmarie & bodie

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Trentino alto adige

Trentino alto adigePresented by: Annmarie & BodieLocated in Northern Italy Capital: Trento

LandscapeExtremely mountainous and is covered by mostly the Dolomites and Southern Alps

Many vast forests

Agricultural DivisionAgriculture divides the regionLand in Trentino is divided among legitimate heirsAlto Adige plots of land cannot be subdividedProperty holdings remain vast

Government encourages the priorities of traditional agriculture to preserve the institutionIndustry and Exports in TrentinoThe fertile valleys of Trentino produce wine fruit, dairy products and timber, while its industries include paper, chemical and metal production The region is a major exporter of hydroelectric power. The most important features of the region's economic structure are the strength of tourism and the special system of co-operation between agriculture and industry

Climate

The mountains, valleys, and the river Adigein the city of Bolzano, heavily influence climate

The average temperature is around 12.3 degrees Celsius ClimateThe climate varies through areas and seasonsFrom an alpine climate to a sub continental oneWarm and variable summers and cold and quiet snowy wintersA popular destination for tourismIn winter for skiing in the high mountains and during the summer to visit valleys and many lakes

Withstand the Rigors of WinterDrastic struggle against the coldThere are festivals to mark the end of winterTourists visit Trentino in the summer to cool down

Austrian and German InfluencesConsists of two provinces: Trento and Bolzano-BozenProvince of Bolzano-Bolzen has a population of 498,280 and Province of Trento has a population of 518,966, collectively over one million peopleBolzano-Bozen has a 69% population speaking German, Trento mainly Italian60% speak Italian while 35% speak German with 5% speaking LadinGerman and Italian are both the official languages

History: A Battle of Territory Conquered by Romans in 15 BCwas later divided between Germany tribesDuring the First World War, the Austro-Hungarian reign collapsed and the territory was signed over to the ItaliansBenito Mussolini, the fascist dictator, ruled ItalyHitler and Mussolini agreed in 1938 that the German-speaking population would be transferred to German-ruled territory or dispersed around ItalyBut the outbreak of the Second World War prevented them from fully carrying out the relocation

History: A Battle for Territory

Brenner Pass through the Alps was important because whoever controlled the pass controlled trade routes from north to southSome of the most intense fighting during World War One was fought in the mountains of Trento

History: Catholic Influence on CuisineThe region of Trentino was dominated by the Catholic clergyTrento was the stronghold of the Catholic Counter-Reformation, site of 16th century Council of Trent

Goal: to halt the spread of LutheranismThe only mountain pass leading from Italy to Austria, the Brenner Pass, is accessible from TrentoThe city is the perfect place for planning large commercial fairsLa Cucina der PapaThe monks participated in fasting and abstinenceHad an obsession for rules of fasting and an obvious attraction to the sins of gluttonyEstablished a meatless cuisine

The Days of MeatBefore the Catholic influence on cuisine in the region of Trentino, a lot of meat was eaten

Popular meats Capercaillies large grouseFallow deerChamois antelopeRoe deerThe Catholic InfluenceEliminated use of meat in dishes

Dishes then consisted of flour, milk, and vegetables

Fish was/is hardly present in dishesIf used, it is freshwater fishThe only exception is during Lent when cod is shipped into the regionImportance of Bread

The best oven-baked products were invented in monasteriesBread was made daily for the poorRitual element of domestic lifeSymbolically related to health, prosperity, and composition of familyThe Family LoafInvented in Benedictine Abbey of Monte Maria in Burusio, in Val Venosta

Baked as a couple in a single panEach spouse eats half

Grainy Magnificence of TrentinoNot only breadsPastasDumplingsA majority of dumplings include potatoesFive different types grown in ItalyAvezzana of AbruzziAgata of Emilia RomagnaTuscan and Ligurian PastagiallaViterbese of LazioTrentino inhabitants favor Austrian varietyNordic Vegetables

Corn is a popular agricultural commodity in the southern regionSimilar to those vegetables favored in RussiaPotatoesCabbage

The Grass is Greener in Trentino

Traditional Trentino Kitchens

Traditional Trentino kitchens usually consist of a cobblestone floor with a wooden ceiling

Family gatherings and meals take place in this areaGnocci or dumplings were called strango-Lapreti or priest-chockersIt was made of stale bread and spinachFirst Course

Normally consists of salted meats and beansHare in sweet and sour sauceTrentino-style chicken stuffed with walnuts, pine nuts, bread, marrow, liver, eggsSecond Course

Strudel and Zelten (sweet bread, with dried canned fruits)Dessert

Red Wine

Grazie, Grazie