Tomorrow’s Standards Together

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This presentation was given by Kirsty Lingstadt and Peter McKeague of RCAHMS at a one-day seminar, Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS) in York on 14 May 2014.


<ul><li> 1. Tomorrows Standards Together Tomorrows Standards Together Kirsty Lingstadt and Peter McKeague Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS) University of York 14 May 2014 </li></ul> <p> 2. Scotlands historic environment plays an important part in all our lives. It provides a link to the past and helps shape our cultural identity. Therefore, it is crucial that we ensure that it is managed, promoted and preserved for the generations to come. Stewart Maxwell, MSP Convener, Education and Culture Committee, Scottish Parliament ( The Strategy does not belong to government or any particular sector it is for everyone and we can all play a part in helping to ensure it delivers positive outcomes for our historic environment. Delivering the Strategy, however, will require the commitment and enthusiasm of everyone from academics and professionals with specialist knowledge and skills, through all aspects of local and national government, to individuals and communities taking an interest in their local historic environment. Fiona Hyslop MSP Cabinet Secretary for Culture and External Affairs ( The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland 3. Developed collaboratively through a wide range of stakeholders Shared vision No single ownership it is not the governments strategy or that of any particular sector Everybody has a part to play The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland 4. The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland Cross-cutting Understanding By investigating and recording our historic environment to continually develop our knowledge, understanding and interpretation of our past and how best to conserve, sustain and present it. Protecting By caring for and protecting the historic environment, ensuring that we can both enjoy and benefit from it and conserve and enhance it for the enjoyment and benefit of future generations. Valuing By sharing and celebrating the richness and significance of our historic environment, enabling us to enjoy the fascinating and inspirational diversity of our heritage. Delivered through collaborative approaches 5. The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland To ensure that the cultural, social, environmental and economic value of our heritage continues to make a major contribution to the nations wellbeing. Decision making in relation to the care and management of the historic environment should be informed by the best available evidence, supported by robust data. Enhance participation through encouraging greater access to and interpretation and understanding of the significance of the historic environment. 6. The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland 7. Scottish Historic Environment Data (SHED) Strategy Scotlands Historic Environment Data is the collaborative national public information resource for the historic environment. This joint venture between local and national bodies comprises shared and linked digital records. It will be professionally managed, continually updated, and accessible to all, ensuring the greatest economic, social and cultural benefits for the people of Scotland and beyond. Vision Statement SMR Forum, August 2012 WORKING TOGETHER TO DELIVER BETTER HERITAGE INFORMATION 8. PastMap Scottish Historic Environment Data (SHED) Strategy 9. PastMap Scottish Historic Environment Data (SHED) Strategy 10. PastMap Scottish Historic Environment Data (SHED) Strategy 11. INSPIRE Directive One Scotland, One Geography INSPIRE (Scotland) Statutory Instrument Cookbook 1 How to serve a Scottish SDI and INSPIRE compliant WMS Annex I &amp; II Metadata Annex III Metadata, View &amp; Download Newly collected Annex I data conforms to IR Newly collected Annex II &amp; III data conforms to IR All existing Annex II &amp; III data conforms to IR All existing Annex I data conforms to IR INSPIRE: Spatial Data Standards Operational Guide UK Location Download Service IR: Implementation roadmap 2004 2007 2009 2010 2013 20122010 2011 Annex I &amp; II View 2015 2017 2020 INSPIRE roadmap Historic Scotland &amp; RCAHMS Metadata and View services 12. Understanding spatial extents Organisation Historic Scotland SMRs/HERs RCAHMS Fieldwork What are we Mapping? Designation The Potential The Known Activities (Constraint Mapping) (Trigger Mapping) (Inventory Mapping) (Events and interpretation) Further reading: Mike Middleton (2010) Polygonisation The Shape of things to come What are the needs for Scottish polygonised Historic Environment Data? 13. Geophysical Survey Extents Marine remote sensing Field Survey mapping 3D laser scanning landscape Geophysical Survey plots Lidar Excavation extents and details 3D laser scanning Standing structures But what about all the other information we create? 14. OASIS: 10 years of online collaboration Fieldwork Planning Application Archaeological condition Number of records Number signed off Grey literature reports England (2004) 37,874 22,106 16,126 Scotland (2007) 3,343 2,098 1,749 Total 41,217 24,204 (58.7%) 17,875 OASIS ArchSearch ADS Grey literature library Publication 15. OASIS: but it enables so much more! Online archiving Geophysical Survey Database Web services Web services OAI-PMH 16. OASIS: but it enables so much more! Online archiving Geophysical Survey Database Web services Web services OAI-PMH Aggregated datasets Spatial datasets 17. The Voluntary Sector or Citizen Science MyCanmore Since 2008 Canmore users may upload comments and images to Canmore records. Scotlands Rural Past (2006-11) Five year partnership between RCAHMS and community groups to record Scotlands historic rural settlements. Over 60 community led projects Guidance on field methodology and standards: A Practical Guide to Recording Archaeological Sites Britain From Above Collaborative Project between English Heritage, RCAHMS and RCAHMW to put online the Aerofilms collection of aerial photographs from 1919-1953. Uses Citizen Science to help identify unlocated images and share memories36,595 images and 2,161 comments added 18. The G8 Charter for Open Data 1. Public data policy and practice will be clearly driven by the public and businesses that want and use the data, including what data is released when and in what form. 2. Public data will be published in reusable, machine-readable form. 3. Public data will be released under the same open licence which enables free reuse, including commercial reuse. 4. Public data will be available and easy to find through a single, easy-to use, online access point ( 5. Public data will be published using open standards, and following relevant recommendations of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). 6. Public data from different departments about the same subject will be published in the same, standard formats and with the same definitions. 7. Public data underlying the Governments own websites will be published in reusable form. 8. Public data will be timely and fine-grained. 9. Release data quickly, and then work to make sure that it is available in open standard formats, including linked data forms. 10. Public data will be freely available to use in any lawful way. 11. Public data will be available without application or registration, and without requiring details of the user. 12. Public bodies should actively encourage the reuse of their public data. 13. Public bodies should maintain and publish inventories of their data holdings. Public bodies should publish relevant metadata about their datasets and this should be available through a single online access point; and they should publish supporting descriptions of the format provenance and meaning of the data Discoverable Useable Understandable UK Government Public Data Principles (2012) G8 Open Data Charter and Technical Annex G8 Open Data Charter UK Action Plan 2013 Scotlands Digital Future A Strategy for Scotland 19. Examples Licensed data End-user licence to download (OS IPR) Images (through online sales system) Data (through online sales system) On the Internet but with opaque licencing Archives: Digital files, Screen resolution images on the internet with an Open Licence machine readable but proprietary format non-proprietary format Limited data available as csv download from PastMap under an Open Government Licence acknowledging OS IPR Open standards based (URIs) linked open standards data Three key vocabularies (Monument type, Objects and Maritime craft) published on Five Star data - how do we measure up? We need to do more! 20. Big Data Some excuses for Data Hugging The data is wrong - and people will tell us the data is wrong - Citizen Science will help refine our data People will misunderstand the data and draw wrong conclusions without understanding the context of the data - Historic Environment data can be difficult but it is our responsibility to publish usable data and inform people about its use and limitations You are giving away my research - research is built upon data (often gathered at public expense) access to data helps inform research and challenge conclusions There is a cost involved in making data available - we place a low value on heritage when the real priority should be promoting the historic environment and cultural heritage There is an exponential growth and availability of data - in both structured and unstructured formats. - but we still keep data in silos 21. Benefits of a Linked Open Data approach The Lewis Chessmen Collection split between the National Museum Scotland and the British Museum 22. Biab and Historic Environment Records british and irish archaeological bibliography provides bibliographic references - many with abstracts - covering all aspects of archaeology and the historic environment, and every chronological period, with a geographical focus on Britain and Ireland. There are almost 200,000 references from over three centuries of scholarship - with over 1,500 new records added each year. It complements and enhances the information in record systems but we dont talk to each other! A query came up as to whether HERs regularly trawl through national journals (e.g. Journal of Roman Studies, Vernacular Architecture, Industrial Archaeology Review etc) for sites and research relevant to their geographical area. I was wondering whether list members had a view on the usefulness and priority level this type of type of research. Martin Newman, HERforum, 26 September 2008 Few HERs have the resources to have the complete gamut of national journals and about as many of those you run HERs would have the time to examine them all Chris Wardle, HERforum, 26 September 2008 We don't routinely do this, but have been considering it as a part of the HER backlog. Nick Boldrini, HERforum, 29 September 2008 23. Conclusions High level strategy - Our Place in Time recognises the need to collaborate Success stories OASIS PastMap Innovative projects Engaging Community Groups Harnessing the potential of Citizen Science External drivers towards further collaboration and standards INSPIRE Directive - Spatial data standards Open Data To deliver Accessible Historic Environment Data 24. Tomorrows Standards Together Tomorrows Standards Together Kirsty Lingstadt and Peter McKeague Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS) University of York 14 May 2014 </p>