Timeline a History of Psychological Testing

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<ul><li><p>A History of Psychological TestingTimeline</p><p>A Timeline of Psychological Testing2200 B.C.E. Prociency testing begins in China. The Emperor evaluates public ocials every thirdyear.1800 B.C.E. Babylonians develop astrology in order to interact with the gods and predict thefuture. Greeks later redene astrology to predict and describe personality.500 B.C.E. Pythagoras begins practicing physiognomy to evaluate personality.400 B.C.E. Hippocrates introduces Humorology to the eld of medicine for the treatment ofphysical and mental illness.400 B.C.E. Plato suggests people should nd employment that is consistent with their abilities.175 B.C.E. Claudius Galenus designs experiments to show that it is the brain and the not the heartthat is the seat of intellect.500 A.D. With the start of the Middle Ages, science takes a backseat to faith and superstition andthe history of psychological testing is temporarily halted.1200 A.D. Interest in individual dierences emerges as people begin to question whether those inleague with satan did so voluntarily or involuntarily. Trials for witchery and sorcery werecommon.1265 A.D. Thomas Acquinas asserts that the notion of the human immortal soul should bereplaced by the notion of a human capacity to think and reason.1550 A.D. The Renaissance witnesses a rebirth in philosophy and an appreciation for science.1698 A.D. Juan Huarte publishes The Tyral of Wits, the rst book to propose a discipline ofassessment.1770 A.D. The cause of philosophy and sciences advances with the writings of French, German,and English philosophers. One of these philosophers, Rene Descartes, proposes the mind-bodyquestion.1823 A.D. The Journal of Phrenology is founded to further the study of human abilities andhuman talents. Although proven unfounded by experimentation, phrenology proposed thathuman qualities are localized in concentrations of brain ber that press outward on the skull.1869 A.D. Sir Francis Galton publishes a study of heredity and genius which pioneered astatistical technique that Karl Pearson would later call correlation.1879 A.D. In Leipzig, Germany, Wilhelm Wundt founds the rst experimental psychologylaboratory. Wundts structuralism relies heavily on a tool of assessment called introspectionwhereby subjects try to describe their conscious experience of a stimulus.1895 A.D. American psychologist James McKeen Caell helped launch the beginning of mentaltesting. Caell eventually founds Psychological Corporation, a company with the goal of usefulapplications of psychology.1900 A.D. Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams which goes on to inuenceapproaches to understanding personality for the next 50 years.1905 A.D. Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon publish a 30-item scale of intelligence designed tohelp classify schoolchildren in Paris schools. The development of the Binet-Simon IntelligenceScale is largely recognized as launching a new era in measurement.1908 A.D. Frank Parsons opens the Vocational Bureau of Boston begins oering career guidanceto young adults.1914 A.D. World War I brings about a boom in psychological testing as thousands of American</p><p>Timeline | A History of Psychological Testing https://historyofpsychologicaltesting.wordpress.com/timeline/</p><p>1 of 2 11/21/2015 11:14 AM</p></li><li><p>recruits are screened for intellectual and emotional functioning.1919 A.D. Robert Woodworth publishes the Personal Data Sheet to help identify Army recruitssusceptible to shell shock.1921 A.D. Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach publishes his famousmonograph, Psychodiagnostics, which would lead to the development of the Rorschach InkblotTest.1926 A.D. The Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is developed and administered for the rst time.1927 A.D. Carl Spearman publishes a two-factor theory of intelligence in which he postulates theexistence of a general intellectual ability factor and specic components of that general ability.1938 A.D. Mental tests have reached the status of big business. According to the 1938 MentalMeasurements Yearbook, at least 4,000 psychological tests are in print.1939 A.D. David Wechsler introduces the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale which wasdesigned to measure adult intelligence. Today, multiple versions of these tests are in publicationand are the most popular instruments used to measure the intelligence of children and adults.1943 A.D. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory was published.1949 A.D. The rst version to the Wechsler Intelligence Tests for children was published.1949 A.D. The 16PF Questionnaire, 1st Edition is released for public use.1955 A.D. The rst version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Tests was published.1962 A.D. Katherine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Meyers publish the Meyers Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI).1962 A.D. Warren T. Norman publishes his rst article over the Big Five Personality Factors.1970 A.D. John L. Holland publishes the rst version of the Self Directed Search (SDS) forconsumer use. The inventory was intended to help individuals identify careers that are congruentwith their personalities.References:</p><p>DuBois, P. H. (1970). A history of psychological testing. Boston: Allyn &amp; Bacon.Foxcroft, C. &amp; Roodt, G. (2005). An Introduction to psychological assessment in the South Africancontext. Cape Town: Oxford University Press Southern Africa.Gregory, R. J. (2004). Psychological testing: History, principles, and applications. Needham Heights,MA: Allyn &amp; Bacon.hp://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2003-88183-000</p><p>Blog at WordPress.com. The Chateau Theme.</p><p>Timeline | A History of Psychological Testing https://historyofpsychologicaltesting.wordpress.com/timeline/</p><p>2 of 2 11/21/2015 11:14 AM</p></li></ul>

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