TIK-604 - Komputasi ? Â· Ujian (UTS & UAS) 2 30% (15% UTS & 15% UAS) Tugas & Kuis (Personal) 6 30% Kehadiran di kelas 18

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  • Sistem Terdistribusi

    TIK-604

    Pengantar PerkuliahanPertemuan 01, 01 Maret 2017

    Husnihusni@trunojoyo.ac.id

    Husni.trunojoyo.ac.id/kuliah/sister

  • About Me

    Husni

    Lab. Sister

    Email: husni@trunojoyo.ac.id

    Web Site: Husni.trunojoyo.ac.id

    Bidang Kajian:

    High Performance Computing

    [Big] Data Science and Mining

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi dikaji?

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Application Domain Associated Networked Application

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

    Domain Aplikasi Aplikasi Jaringan Berkaitan

    Finance and commerce eCommerce e.g. Amazon and eBay, PayPal, online banking

    and trading

    The information society Web information and search engines, ebooks, Wikipedia;

    social networking: Facebook and MySpace.

    Creative industries and entertainment online gaming, music and film in the home, user-generated

    content, e.g. YouTube, Flickr

    Healthcare health informatics, online patient records, monitoring patients

    Education e-learning, virtual learning environments; distance learning

    Transport and logistics GPS in route finding systems, map services: Google Maps,

    Google Earth

    Science The Grid as an enabling technology for collaboration between

    scientists

    Environmental management sensor technology to monitor earthquakes, floods or tsunamis

  • Definisi Sistem Terdistribusi

    Sistem Terdistribusi adalah

    Gabungan komputer-komputer independen yang tampak bagi penggunanya

    sebagai sistem tunggal yang koheren (Tanenbaum)

    Sistem di mana komponen yang terletak di jaringan

    komputer berkomunikasi dan mengkoordinasikan tindakan

    mereka hanya dengan melewatkan pesan (Coulouris)

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    Data besar terus tumbuh:

    Pada pertengahan 2010, semesta informasi memuat 1.2zettabytes

    Prediksi 2020 diprediksi hampir 44 kali lebih besar

    Aplikasi menjadi data-intensive dan compute-intensive.

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    Komputer pribadi mempunyai sumber daya terbatasdibandingkan skala masalah dan domain aplikasi saat ini:

    1. Caches dan Memory:

    L1

    Cache

    L2 Cache

    L3 Cache

    Main Memory

    16KB- 64KB, 2-4 cycles

    512KB- 8MB, 6-15 cycles

    4MB- 64MB, 30-50 cycles

    1GB- 48GB, 300+ cycles

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    Komputer individu memiliki sumber daya terbatasdibandingkan dengan skala masalah & domain aplikasisekarang :

    2. Hard Disk Drive:

    Kapasitas terbatas

    Jumlah jalur terbatas

    Bandwidth juga terbatas

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    P

    L1

    L2

    P

    L1

    L2 Cache

    P

    L1

    P

    L1

    P

    L1

    Interconnect

    Komputer individu memiliki sumber daya terbatasdibandingkan dengan skala masalah & domain aplikasisekarang:

    3. Processor:

    Jumlah transistor yang dapat diintegrasikan pada satukotak chip tumbuh mengikuti hukum Moore.

    Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs) telah tersedia.

    Chip processor tunggalSuatu CMP

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    3. Processor (lanjutan): Sampai beberapa tahun yang lalu, kecepatan CPU tumbuh pada

    tingkat 55% per tahun, sedangkan kecepatan memori tumbuhpada tingkat hanya 7% [H & P]

    Memory

    Memory

    P

    M

    P

    L1

    L2

    P

    L1

    L2 Cache

    P

    L1

    P

    L1

    P

    L1

    Interconnect

    Kesenjangan kecepatan prosesor-Memory

  • Mengapa Sistem Terdistribusi?

    3. Processor (lanjutan):

    Kalaupun suatu CMP berisi 100 atau 1000 core. Tantangan:Bagaimana menghantarkan data input ke core dengancepat untuk segera diproses.

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