Post on 10-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONA very informative presentation about the history and current situation of Tibet created by the Tibet Hope Center in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, North India.
- 1.Do something Tibetan
2. 1904 - Dalai Lama flees British military expedition under Colonel FrancisYounghusband. Britain forces Tibet to sign trading agreement in order toforestall any Russian overtures.1913 - Tibet reasserts independence after decades of rebuffing attempts byBritain and China to establish control.1949 - Mao Zedong proclaims the founding of the Peoples Republic of Chinaand threatens Tibet with "liberation".1950 - China enforces a long-held claim to Tibet. The Dalai Lama, now aged15, officially becomes head of state. 3. 1951 - Tibetan leaders are forced to sign a treaty dictated by China. Thetreaty, known as the "Seventeen Point Agreement", professes to guaranteeTibetan autonomy and to respect the Buddhist religion, but also allows theestablishment of Chinese civil and military headquarters at Lhasa.1954 - The Dalai Lama visits Beijing for talks with Mao, but China still fails tohonour the Seventeen Point Agreement.1959 March - Full-scale uprising breaks out in Lhasa. Thousands are said tohave died during the suppression of the revolt. The Dalai Lama and most ofhis ministers flee to northern India, to be followed by some 80,000 otherTibetans.1963 - Foreign visitors are banned from Tibet. 4. 1965 - Chinese government establishes Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR).1966 - The Cultural Revolution reaches Tibet and results in the destruction of alarge number of monasteries and cultural artefacts.1971 - Foreign visitors are again allowed to enter the country.Late 1970s - End of Cultural Revolution leads to some easing of repression,though large-scale relocation of Han Chinese into Tibet continues.1980s - China introduces "Open Door" reforms and boosts investment whileresisting any move towards greater autonomy for Tibet.1988 - China imposes martial law after riots break out.1995 - The Dalai Lama names a six-year-old boy, Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, as thetrue reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, the second most important figure inTibetan Buddhism. The Chinese authorities place the boy under house arrest anddesignate another six-year-old boy, Gyangchen Norbu, as their officiallysanctioned Panchen Lama. 5. Name: Jetsun JamphelNgawang Lobsang YesheTenzin Gyatso,14th Dalai LamaD.O.B: 6 July 1935Age:77Current Designation: Spiritualleader of Tibet 6. Gedhun Choekyi Nyima23D.O.B: April 25, 1989Status: unknownMay 14, 1995 recognition dateMay 17, 1995, Kidnapped 7. Water.Due to Climate Change the water has become a vital resource for China.Total surface water resources amount to 448.2 billion cubic meters, andunderground amount to 110.7 billion cubic meters in Tibet.Many rivers are born in Tibet providing water to its neighbor countries. Being themost important ones:The Indus Tibet, India and Pakistan.Ganges Tibet, India and Bangladesh.The headwaters of the Mekong (Lancang Jiang), Yangtze (Chang Jiang), and Huang He (YellowRiver). Tibet, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and VietnamGolden Sand - Yangtze River Tibet and ChinaAn many others. 8. Energy resources.HydroApproximately 200 million kilowatts of natural hydro energy annually, or about 30 percent of Chinas total.Wind energy93 billion kilowatt-hours (ranking Tibet as the seventh in all China)SolarOne of the top global locations for such power (being Chinas greatest potential for such energy).GeothermalMore than 100 sites have good geothermal energy reserves.Tibets geothermal heat discharge adds up to 550,000 kilocalories per second, equivalent to annual heat generation by 2.4 million tons of standard coal. 9. MineralThe total value of Tibets minerals is estimated at 64.8bn by the Chinesegovernment.More than 100 varieties of mineral have been found in Tibet. Among them:Chromites; the largest reserves in China, covering a total area of 2,500 sq m (965 sqmiles) and totaling approximately to 10 million tons.Lithium carbonate; discovered in the Shigatse Region has the worlds second richestsalt lake brine resource.Also, it can be found out others such as Copper (30m-40m tons), High-grade iron ore(more than a billion tons), Zinc (more than 40m tons), Lead (more than 40mtons), conundrum, boron and isinglass, etc. 10. FloraAn area of 7,170,000 hectares (27,683 sq miles) of virgin forests.Vast number of plant species (more than 5,000 different species of higher plants,more than 1000 kinds of medicinal herbs, including 300 kinds of rare Tibetanherbs and 70 kinds of plants with sugar and starch content, which can beprocessed into raw materials for drugs, textiles, and for making paper and wine). 11. Fauna118 species of mammals, 473 of birds, 49 of reptiles, 44 of amphibians and 61 offishes can be found in Tibet.More than 25% of all insects types of the world live in Tibet (more than 2.300).Home of rare animals such as panda, chorus, kiangs, wild yaks 12. Over one million Tibetans have been killed (and sadly, stillcounting), including nearly 100,000 Tibetans tortured to death.More than 6.000 Tibetan monasteries destroyed.Nuclear testing been done in the Tibetan plateau.25 percent of Tibets forests are clear-cut.5 billion tons of soil to be lost to erosion every year (due to thisrapid deforestation)China currently has at least 300 to 400 nuclear warheads inTibet 13. Chinese sterilization gangs, being paid according to a bonussystem, roams the country and indiscriminately sterilizingTibetan women and borting their babies, regardless whether ornot they, have had children.In 2010, a mass sterilization campaign of nearly 10,000 womenwere to sterilization in Guangdong (Tibet)Existence of a slave labour complex in Xining.Political prisoners suffer a range of major human rights abuses(inmates being weakened by hunger, cold, torture and longbeatings) .Currently there are 200,000 Chinese and 100,000 Tibetans livingin Lhasa, Tibets capital. 14. FB/Blog/My Space/You tube/: Satus, picture, link, article, vieo etc.Sticker: Laptop, car, note books, school notice board, restaurantetcClothes: T-shirts, Bags, ScarfsFlag: Room, class room, school, college, restaurants etc 15. Write petitions to your local and national governmentBecome the members of Tibetan NGOsGive talk on TibetOrganize Events 16. For as long as the sky remainsblue, Tibet will never be part of China.But it is possible thatChina might become part of Tibet Thank you/thuk-je-chey