thesis - ma education - tauqir ahmed

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  • SITUATION ANALYSIS OF LIBRARIES OF

    ISLAMABAD MODEL COLLEGES

    TAUQIR AHMED

    ROLL NO: 12-SP-71761

    BASHARAT HAFEEZ

    (Supervisor)

    DEPARTMENT OF MASS EDUCATION FACULTY OF ARTS, SOCIAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION

    SARHAD UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    PESHAWAR

    2015

  • ii

    SITUATION ANALYSIS OF LIBRARIES OF

    ISLAMABAD MODEL COLLEGES

    TAUQIR AHMED

    ROLL NO: 12-SP-71761

    BASHARAT HAFEEZ

    (Supervisor)

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree

    of Masters of Arts in Education

    Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Education, Department of Mass

    Education, Sarhad University of Science & Information Technology

    Peshawar

    2015

  • iii

    IN THE NAME OF

    ALLAH

    THE MERCIFUL THE COMPASSIONATE

  • iv

    DEDICATION

    This thesis is dedicated to my father and mother who always support emotionally and

    materially with prayer, love and patience. Without your support I do nothing. To my

    wife and to my children; Masooma Tauqir and Muhammad Affan who motivated me

    to complete this thesis.

  • v

    AUTHORS NOTE

    1. During the period of this registered study in which this thesis was constructed, the

    author has not been registered for any other academic award or qualification.

    2. The material included in this dissertation/thesis has not been submitted wholly or

    in part for any academic award or qualification other than for which it is now

    submitted.

    3. Except where otherwise acknowledged in the text, this thesis represents the

    original research of the author.

    Tauqir Ahmed

  • vi

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Alhamdulillah, all praises belong to Allah who has given me health and the strength

    to finish this thesis. Many people have directly or indirectly helped me in the process

    of writing this thesis. I am really grateful of Prof. Dr. Muhammad Javed Iqbal for his

    encouragement and to my supervisor, Mr. Basharat Hafeez, for his guidance in

    finishing this thesis. I would also like to express my gratitude to my friends and

    respondents for the support and willingness to spend some times with me to fill in the

    questionnaires.

  • vii

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Situation Analysis of Libraries of Islamabad Model Colleges

    Pages: 83

    Researcher: Tauqir Ahmed

    Supervisor: Mr. Basharat Hafeez

    University: Sarhad University of Science & IT, Peshawar

    Year: 2015

    Title: Situation Analysis of Libraries of Islamabad Model Colleges

    Subject Area: Education

    Degree: M.A Education

    This study was designed to conduct situation analysis of libraries of Islamabad

    Model Colleges. The objectives of the study were to investigate procedure of

    collection of material in IMCB libraries with respect to format of material, to

    investigate existing facilities in libraries; building, telephone, photocopy, seating

    capacity, air-conditioning and heating, to compare the collection and facilities with

    the need and to recommend measures for improving the situation.. Population of this

    study was Islamabad Model College Libraries. This was also taken as sample i.e.

    100%. This study was delimited to the library resources, equipment and facilities of

    the Islamabad Model Colleges for Boys of urban area (Capital territory).

  • viii

    This was a descriptive research and for this purpose a questionnaire for librarians was

    developed, validated and tried out. This questionnaire was administered personally to

    the sample. Total population was taken as sample. Data collected was tabulated and

    analyzed using percentage and mean score. Findings were drawn after the analysis of

    this data. It was found that IMCB libraries operate six days a week, have their own

    separate functional building with a staff of three members, organize library period, are

    partially automated and provide open access, circulation and reader advisory services.

    On the other hand libraries lack the facilities of heating, air-conditioning and central

    heating/cooling system. These libraries lack the library resources of reports, CD

    ROMs and audio/video and non-book materials. These libraries are not fully

    automated and the basic facilities of photo copying and telephone are not available to

    them.

    It recommended that the libraries may be upgraded and equipped with modern

    technologies, IT support and equipment may be provided for the purpose of

    automation, internet facility may be provided for all, computers and other accessories

    may be installed, audio/visual aids and CDs may be provided and made the part of

    library collection and students may be encouraged to visit the library other then

    attending the library period.

  • ix

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Dedication vi

    Authors Note v

    Acknowledgement vi

    Abstract vii

    Table of Contents viii

    List of Tables xiii

    List of Figures xiv

    Chapter 1 Introduction 1

    1. Introduction 1

    1.1 Statement of the Problem 4

    1.2 Objectives of the Study 4

    1.3 Significance of the Study 5

    1.4 Delimitations of the Study 5

    1.5 Methodology of the Study 5

    1.5.1 Population 6

    1.5.2 Sample 6

    1.5.3 Research tools / Instruments 6

    1.5.4 Data Collection 6

    1.5.5 Data Analysis Techniques 6

    Chapter 2 Review of the Literature 7

    2. Introduction 7

    2.1. History of Libraries 7

    2.2. Types of Libraries 9

    2.2.1 Public Library 10

  • x

    2.2.2 Special Library 11

    2.2.3 Virtual Library 11

    2.2.4 Academic Library 12

    2.3. Importance of Academic Library 12

    2.4. Functions of Academic Library 16

    2.5. Library Standards 17

    2.6 Functional Areas of Library 18

    2.6.1 Managing the Collection 19

    2.6.2 Information Retrieval 19

    2.6.3 Reading 19

    2.7. Advantages of Academic Library 20

    2.7.1 Benefits to the Students 21

    2.7.2 Benefits to the Teachers 22

    2.8. Library Services and Materials 23

    2.8.1 Circulation 24

    2.8.2 Information Services 24

    2.8.3 Document Delivery 25

    2.8.4 Library Promotion 25

    2.8.5 Technical Services 25

    2.8.6 Selection and Acquisition of Material 26

    2.9. Academic Libraries in Pakistan 28

    2.10. Academic Libraries in Other Countries 32

    2.10.1 India 32

    2.10.2 United Kingdom 33

    2.10.3. United States of America 33

    2.10.4. Japan 34

    2.10.5. China 35

  • xi

    2.10.6. South Africa 36

    Chapter 3 Methodology 38

    3. Introduction 38

    3.1 Methodology of the Study 38

    3.1.1 Population 38

    3.1.2 Sample 39

    3.1.3 Research tools / Instruments 39

    3.1.4 Data Collection 39

    3.1.5 Data Analysis Techniques 40

    Chapter 4 Data Analysis 41

    4. Introduction 41

    4.1 Data Analysis 41

    4.1.1 Working Hours 42

    4.1.2 Timing 43

    4.1.3 Working Days / Week 44

    4.1.4 No. of Registered Users 45

    4.1.5 Daily Visitors 46

    4.1.6 Staff Members 47

    4.1.7 Is the existing staff sufficient to provide reader services effectively? 48

    4.1.8 Library Building 49

    4.1.9 Other Facilities 51

    4.1.10 Library Resources 52

    4.1.11 Circulation Service 54

    4.1.12 How many documents are issued daily? 55

    4.1.13 How many documents are returned daily? 56

  • xii

    4.1.14 Does your library provide "reader advisory" service? 57

    4.1.15 Automation Status 58

    4.1.16 Other Services 59

    4.1.17 Technical Process 60

    4.1.18 Does your library organize any of the following activities? 61

    4.1.19 Are the readers satisfied with services provided by the library? 62

    4.1.20 Do you have approved selection & acquisition policy? 63

    4.1.21 Problems Faced by the Library 64

    Chapter 5 Summary, Findings and Conclusions 65

    5. Summary 65

    5.2 Findings 66

    5.3 Conclusion 69

    5.4 Recommendations 71

    References 73

    Appendix A 79

  • xiii

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 3.1. List of Islamabad Model Colleges for Boys 39

    Table 4.1. Working Hours 42

    Table 4.2. Timing 43

    Table 4.3. Working Days / week 44

    Table 4.4. No. of Registered Users 45

    Table 4.5. No. of Daily Visitors 46

    Table 4.6. Staff Members 47

    Table 4.7. Is the Staff Sufficient? 48

    Table 4.8. Separate Functional Building 49

    Table 4.8. Library Building Total Area (sq ft) 50

    Table 4.9. Other Facilities 51

    Table 4.10. Library Resources 52

    Table 4.11. Circulation Service 54

    Table 4.12. Documents issued daily 55

    Table 4