theory of literature

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  • 1. OUTLINE OF LITERARY THEORY Siswo Harsono

2. Literary sciences

  • Literary theory
  • Literary history
  • Literary criticism

3. Literary sciences 4. Basic concepts

  • Literary work: creative
  • Literary study: scientific

5. Functions of literature

  • Dulce et utile
  • Prodesse et delectare
  • Docere et movere

6. Scopes of literature

  • Local literature
  • National literature
  • World literature
  • Comparative literature

7. Etymology of theory

  • Late Latintheoria,from Greek contemplation, theory, fromtheoros,spectator, fromtheasthai,to observe, fromthea,a viewing(Grolier, 1986:1335)

8. Definition of theory

  • (a) Systematically organized knowledge applicable in relatively wide variety of circumstance; especially, a system of assumptions, accepted principles, and rules of procedure devised to analyze, predict, or otherwise explain the nature or behavior of a specified set of phenomena. (b) Such knowledge or such a system distinguished from experiment or practice.
  • Abstract reasoning; speculation
  • Broadly, hypothesis or supposition (Grolier, 1986:1335)

9. Definition of literary theory

  • The practice of describing, interpreting, and evaluating literature (Morner and Rausch, 1998:121)

10. Function of literary theory

  • Supporting literary criticism
  • Supporting literary history

11. Types of literary theory

  • Intrinsic literary theory
  • Extrinsic literary theory

12. Types of intrinsic literary theory

  • Formalism and new criticism
  • textual and structural criticism

13. Types of extrinsic literary theory

  • Literature and biography
  • Literature and society
  • Literature and psyche
  • Literature and ideas
  • Literature and arts
  • Literature and religion
  • Literature and culture

14. Abrams theoretical orientations 15. Orientations of literary theory

  • Mimetic literary theory
  • Pragmatic literary theory
  • Expressive literary theory
  • Objective literary theory

16. Theory of literary disciplines

  • Marxist criticism
  • Archetypal criticism
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Existential criticism
  • Formalism
  • New criticism
  • Structuralism
  • Post-structuralism
  • Reader response
  • Deconstruction
  • Feminist criticism
  • Post-colonial criticism
  • New historicism
  • Hermeneutics
  • Semiotics
  • Stylistics

17. Objects of literary theory

  • Oral literature
  • Written literature
  • Electronic literature

18. Steps of studying literary theory

  • Reading literary theory
  • Investigating the concepts
  • Investigating the paradigm
  • Applying the theory

19. Application of literary theory

  • Analyzing literary work
  • Analyzing literary writer
  • Analyzing literary reader
  • Analyzing literary history

20. Evaluation

  • Mid: extrinsic theory
  • Final: intrinsic theory
  • Task: applied theory

21. THEEND

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