theories of war causation schools & variants johan m.g. van der dennen

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  • Slide 1
  • Theories of War Causation Schools & Variants Johan M.G. van der Dennen
  • Slide 2
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School
  • Slide 3
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Economic School
  • Slide 4
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Economic School Imperialism School
  • Slide 5
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Economic School Imperialism School Political-Strategic School
  • Slide 6
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Economic School Imperialism School Political-Strategic School (Social)-Psychological School
  • Slide 7
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Economic School Imperialism School Political-Strategic School (Social)-Psychological School Apologetic School
  • Slide 8
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School
  • Slide 9
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Population pressure (Plato) / Lebensraum
  • Slide 10
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Population pressure (Plato) / Lebensraum Demographic relaxation / Filicide (Bouthoul)
  • Slide 11
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Population pressure (Plato) / Lebensraum Demographic relaxation / Filicide (Bouthoul) Lateral pressure / distribution of resources
  • Slide 12
  • Theories of War Causation Demographic-Ecological School Population pressure (Plato) / Lebensraum Demographic relaxation / Filicide (Bouthoul) Lateral pressure / distribution of resources Geopolitical variant (Haushofer)
  • Slide 13
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia)
  • Slide 14
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia) Mercantilists
  • Slide 15
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia) Mercantilists Physiocrats / Manchester School / Liberals
  • Slide 16
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia) Mercantilists Physiocrats / Manchester School / Liberals Marxists
  • Slide 17
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia) Mercantilists Physiocrats / Manchester School / Liberals Marxists Merchants of death / War-profiteering / Scandal
  • Slide 18
  • Theories of War Causation Economic School (Material gain / pleonexia) Mercantilists Physiocrats / Manchester School / Liberals Marxists Merchants of death / War-profiteering / Scandal Military-industrial(-academic) complex
  • Slide 19
  • Theories of War Causation Imperialism School (Material & territorial gain)
  • Slide 20
  • Theories of War Causation Imperialism School (Material & territorial gain) Conservative variant
  • Slide 21
  • Theories of War Causation Imperialism School (Material & territorial gain) Conservative variant Liberal variant (Hobson)
  • Slide 22
  • Theories of War Causation Imperialism School (Material & territorial gain) Conservative variant Liberal variant (Hobson) Marxist-Leninist / Revisionist / Neo-Marxist
  • Slide 23
  • Theories of War Causation Imperialism School (Material & territorial gain) Conservative variant Liberal variant (Hobson) Marxist-Leninist / Revisionist / Neo-Marxist Militarist variant (Schumpeter)
  • Slide 24
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power)
  • Slide 25
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus
  • Slide 26
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus Machiavelli Hobbes Clausewitz Realists (Morgenthau, Waltz) Expected utility theory (Bueno de Mesquita) Blainey Stoessinger
  • Slide 27
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus Machiavelli Hobbes Clausewitz Realists (Morgenthau, Waltz) Expected utility theory (Bueno de Mesquita) Blainey Stoessinger Balance of power / parity / preponderance
  • Slide 28
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus Machiavelli Hobbes Clausewitz Realists (Morgenthau, Waltz) Expected utility theory (Bueno de Mesquita) Blainey Stoessinger Balance of power / parity / preponderance Polarity Deterrence / Security dilemma Arms races
  • Slide 29
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus Machiavelli Hobbes Clausewitz Realists (Morgenthau, Waltz) Expected utility theory (Bueno de Mesquita) Blainey Stoessinger Balance of power / parity / preponderance Polarity Deterrence / Security dilemma Arms races Power transition theory and hegemonic war
  • Slide 30
  • Theories of War Causation Political-Strategic School (Power) Ultima ratio / Cost-benefit calculus Machiavelli Hobbes Clausewitz Realists (Morgenthau, Waltz) Expected utility theory (Bueno de Mesquita) Blainey Stoessinger Balance of power / parity / preponderance Polarity Deterrence / Security dilemma Arms races Power transition theory and hegemonic war Rank disequilibrium theory (Galtung)
  • Slide 31
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine)
  • Slide 32
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason
  • Slide 33
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory
  • Slide 34
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic)
  • Slide 35
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic) National character / (Mass) psychopathology
  • Slide 36
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic) National character / (Mass) psychopathology Minds of Men variant: misperception & comm.
  • Slide 37
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic) National character / (Mass) psychopathology Minds of Men variant: misperception & comm. Instinctivist variants (pugnacity / Todestrieb) Herd instincts aggressive instincts adventurism
  • Slide 38
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic) National character / (Mass) psychopathology Minds of Men variant: misperception & comm. Instinctivist variants (pugnacity / Todestrieb) Herd instincts aggressive instincts adventurism Frustration-aggression displacement variant
  • Slide 39
  • Theories of War Causation (Social-)Psychological School (Bte humaine) Human nature / bte humaine / passions-reason Thucydides (fear) Hobbes: competition, diffidence, glory Great men / Evil men (personified cataclysmic) National character / (Mass) psychopathology Minds of Men variant: misperception & comm. Instinctivist variants (pugnacity / Todestrieb) Herd instincts aggressive instincts adventurism Frustration-aggression displacement variant Obedience / Sociality / Group-altruism / Noble
  • Slide 40
  • Theories of War Causation Apologetic School (war as necessity)
  • Slide 41
  • Theories of War Causation Apologetic School (war as necessity) Metaphysical variant (divine punishment)
  • Slide 42
  • Theories of War Causation Apologetic School (war as necessity) Metaphysical variant (divine punishment) Etatistic variant (Hegel)
  • Slide 43
  • Theories of War Causation Apologetic School (war as necessity) Metaphysical variant (divine punishment) Etatistic variant (Hegel) Social Darwinist variant (agent of progress)
  • Slide 44
  • Theories of War Causation Apologetic School (war as necessity) Metaphysical variant (divine punishment) Etatistic variant (Hegel) Social Darwinist variant (agent of progress) Eschatological variants (proletarian paradise)
  • Slide 45
  • The phalanx: the major invention of civilized warfare
  • Slide 46
  • Raiding (dawn attack) by a Florida Indian tribe (de Bry, 1590)
  • Slide 47