theories of human communication

Download Theories of Human Communication

Post on 10-Jan-2016

24 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 1 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    create, study and share online flashcreate, study and share online flashcardscards

    My Flashcards Flashcard Library About Contribute Help Sign In Create Account

    Title

    Description

    Total Cards

    Subject

    Level

    Created

    Shared Flashcard Set

    Details

    Theories of Human Communication

    Foss/Littlejohn book

    95

    Communication

    Graduate

    10/24/2011

    Click here to study/print these flashcards.

    Create your own flash cards! Sign up here.

    Additional Communication Flashcards

    Related Study Documents from www.coursehero.com(What's Course Hero?) Course Hero is an online platform providing educational resources to help students learn more effectively.Subscription required.

    Lecture Notes - c...

    Cards

    Term

    What 3 advancements following WWI led to anincrease in an academic interest in

    communication, i.e., "revolutionary discovery"?

    Definition

    1. Technology2. Industrialization3. Literacy

    Term

    Political and social events in the 20th centurycreated an interest in what types of

    communication?

    Definition

    1. Propoganda2. Public opnion3. Media

    Home Flashcards Communication Theories of Human Communication

    |Gmail for Work

    Terlihatlah lebih profesional denganGmail khusus dari Google Apps

    Mulai ujicoba gratis

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 2 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Term

    What are the differences between American andEuropean communication studies?

    Definition

    American studies emphasize scientific,objective studiesEuropean studies have been moreinterpretive, historical, cultural, and critical(shaped by Marxism)

    Currently, the two are beginning to mingle

    Term

    What are the differences between Eastern andWestern theories of communication?

    Definition

    Eastern focus on wholeness and unity of thehuman experience as unplanned and naturaloutcomes that emphasize feeling/sprituality;mistrust in verbal language/speech study; basedon role & statusWestern focus is analytical with bias onindividual, purpose and thought; verbal symbols(language/speech); based on interactionsbetween separate individuals

    Term

    What is the goal of communication theory?

    Definition

    To describe or explain the communication process,i.e. what communication involves based on

    systematic observation

    Term

    What is inquiry?

    Definition

    The systematic study of experience that leads tounderstanding, knowledge & theory:

    1. Ask questions of definition, fact, or value2. Observe with various methods3. Construct answers (theory building)4. Iterative theory constructioncircular where

    each stage affects and is affected by the other

    Term

    What are the 3 broad forms of scholarship?

    Definition

    1. Science: objectivity, standardization &replication

    2. Humanities: subjectivity seeking creativeinterpretations

    3. Social Science: curious blend of the twofocusing on humans as objects of study

    Term Definition

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 3 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Why is communication as a social sciencechallenging?

    It is difficult to deterimine the degree to whichscientific explanations of human behavior can be

    reached without considering the humanisticknowledge of the observed person.

    Term

    What 5 levels are "often" employed incommunication research?

    Definition

    1. Interpersonal2. Group3. Public4. Organizational5. Mass comm

    Term

    What model of organization do Foss and Littlejohnuse for their book?

    Definition

    Robert T. Craig's "Metamodel"

    Term

    What is a metamodel?

    Definition

    A model of models

    Term

    How does Craig define communication?

    Definition

    The primary process by which human life isexperienced, thus communication constitutes

    reality

    Term

    What are the 7 traditional standpoints Craig usesto describe communication?

    Definition

    1. Rhetorical2. Semiotic3. Phenomenological4. Cybernetic5. Sociopsychological6. Sociocultural7. Critical

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 4 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Term

    What are features of scientific shcolarship?

    Definition

    Objectivitiy, standardization &generalizabilityGoal is not to change things, but minimizebiasData=accuracy

    Term

    What are features of humanshcolarship?

    Definition

    Humans cannot be free of biasAccept subjectivity as part of dataDeep and thoughful description of aparticular groupValue is what we do with it

    Term

    What are features of social-scientific shcolarship?

    Definition

    Ideas from both scientific and humanscholarshipHumans are the objects of studyInquiry uses a range of methods

    Term

    What are some of the foremost Communicationjournals?

    Definition

    Communication TheoryHuman Communiciton ResearchCommunication MonographsCritical Studies in Media Communication

    Term

    When did the social sciences become fullyrecognized as legitimate disciplines?

    Definition

    After WWII

    Term Definition

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 5 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Psychologists view communication as... a particular kind of behavior.

    Term

    Sociologists view communicaiton as...

    Definition

    a focus on society and social process

    Term

    Anthropologists view communication as...

    Definition

    a part of culture

    Term

    Why so many definitions of communication?

    Definition

    Different definitions have differenct functions andenable the theorist to do different things

    Term

    What are benefits of "theory?"

    Definition

    See the world in an organized andsynthesized way (patterns & connections)Guide us in what and how we observeEnable us to predict & explain outcomes andeffectsHelp us communicate knowledge

    Term

    What are the 4 basic "elements" of theory?

    Definition

    1. Philosophical assumptions behind thetheory (about the nature of knowledge, how it isobtained, what constitutes existence and what isvaluable)

    2. Concepts (the building blocks of theory)3. Explanations (describing patterns and accounts

    for why things occur, e.g. causal and practical)4. Principles (concrete details enabling a

    connection between actions and consequences)

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 6 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Term

    Name 3 types of philosophical assumptions.

    Definition

    1. Epistomology2. Ontology3. Axiology

    Term

    What is epistomology?

    Definition

    A branch of philosophy that studies knowledge, orhow people know what they know

    Term

    What are 5 epistemological concerns forcommunication scholars?

    Definition

    1. To what extent does knowledge exist beforeexperience?

    2. To what extent can knowledge be certain?3. By what process does knowledge arise?4. Is knowledge best conceived in parts or wholes?5. To what extent can knowledge be explicit? (tacit

    vs. explicit)

    Term

    What do Universalists believe?

    Definition

    They are seeking immutable, absolute"knowledge"

    Term

    What do Relativists believe?

    Definition

    That what we know is filtered through our ownperceptions, expereinces, and theories and these

    are never static.

    Term

    Which is wiser?

    Definition

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 7 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Questioning a theory's usefulness

    or its truthfulness

    Usefullness!

    Term

    What is Rationalism?

    Definition

    Knowledge arises out of the sheer power of thehuman mind

    Term

    What is Empiricism?

    Definition

    Knowledge arises in perception

    Term

    What is Constructivism?

    Definition

    People create knowledge in order to function

    Term

    What is Social Constructivism?

    Definition

    Knowledge is a product of group and culturalexperiences

    Term

    How do Gestaltists see knowlege?

    Definition

    Holistically

  • 6/09/2015 4:52 pmTheories of Human Communication Flashcards

    Page 8 of 18http://www.flashcardmachine.com/theories-of-humancommunication.html

    Term

    How do Analysts see knowledge?

    Definition

    An an understanding of how parts operateseparately

    Term

    What is the difference between explicit and tacitknowledge?

    Definition

    Explicit: what you can "get out"Tacit: what is in your mind

    Term

    What is Ontology?

    Definition

    A branch of philosophy dealing with the nature ofbeing

    Term

    What are 4 ontological concerns forcommunication scholars?

    Definition

    1. To what extent do humans make real choices2. Is human behavior best understood in terms

    of states or traits?3. Is human experience primarily individual or

    social?4. To what extent is communication

    contextual?

    Term

    What do Determinists believe?

    Definition

    Behavior is caused by many