the young language learner

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teaching English for young learners

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THE YOUNG LANGUAGE LEARNERSEnglish for ChildrenThe content of the SubjectCharacteristics of young language learnersClass management Teaching English skills to the children

Characteristics of the children

Young language learnersDo not come to class empty-handedBring well-established set of instinct, skills, and characteristics which help them learning new language.For example:Already good at interpreting meaning without necessarily understanding individual wordsAlready have great skills in using limited language creativelyFrequently learn indirectly than directlyTake great pleasure in creating fun in what they doHave a ready imaginationTake great delight in talkingCharacteristics of 5-7 years oldThey can talk about what they are doingThey can tell you about what they have done or heardThey can plan activitiesThey can argue for something and tell the argumentsThey can use logical reasoningThey can use their vivid imaginationThey can use a wide range of intonation patterns in the mother tongueThey can understand direct human interactionOther Characteristics of young language learners (1)They know that the world is governed by rules.They understand situations more quickly than the language used.They use language skills long before they aware of them.Their own understanding comes through the hands, eyes, and ears.They are very logicalThey have very short attention and concentration span.They have difficulty in knowing the fact and fiction.Other Characteristics of young language learners (2)They are often happy playing and working alone but in the company of others.Their world is not the same as adultsThey seldom admit that they dont know something either.They cant decide for themselves what to learnThey love to play and learn best when they are enjoying themselves.They are enthusiastic and positive about learning.General Characteristics of 8 10 years oldTheir basic concept are formed. They have very decided views of the world.They can tell the difference of fact and fiction.They ask questions all the time.They rely on spoken word as well as physical world to convey and understand meaning.They are able to make some decision about their own learning.They have definite views about what they like and dont.They have developed sense of fairnessThey are able to work with others and learn from others.Language development8-10 y.o. children are competent users of the mother tongue.By the age of 10, they are:Understand abstractsUnderstand symbolsGeneralize and systematizeMost of 8-10 yo children have language awareness and readiness for SLEnglish as a Lingua FrancaEmergence of English as a World Language due toBritish colonialismUS powerAdvent technology

About a billion people engaged in studying English as a Second (ESL) or Foreign (EFL) Language: Only about 300,000 million L1 English speakers (British Council, 2004; Crystal, 2000)

Young Learners of EnglishWidespreadLanguage prestigeParental pressure: social mobilityThe younger the better regardless of research findings

How Young is Young?Home environment:birthSchool: Foreign language teaching in the US- 12Europe: varies: often 9-10 (or earlier)Cambridge Young Learners test: 7-12Israel and other expanding countriesThe younger the better move to lower age. Currently: grade one Sometimes kindergarten What Knowledge-Base is required for teaching EFL to young learners Knowledge of the languageKnowledge about the language Knowledge how to teach the language Knowledge about teaching young childrenKnowledge about teaching the language to young childrenHow to teach them

Do not rely on spoken words only because words are not enoughPlay with the language. Spoken words should be accompanied by other clues to meaning.Create varieties in the classroom.Have system & routines. Organize and plan your lessonEncourage cooperation, not competitionNote the structure, function, and grammar items you want them to learn.Write their progress and encourage self-assessment.Key principles in teaching them

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