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THE YELLOW PAGES

THE YELLOW PAGES (updated 8/15)

(2015-2016- everything you always wanted to know about AP English IV, but were afraid to ask!)

(adapted from Elizabeth Davis of Westwood High School)

A VOCABULARY FOR DESCRIBING LANGUAGE

TONE

TONE (POSITIVE)

Happiness

amiable*cheerycontented*ecstaticelevated*

elevated*enthusiasticexuberant*joyfuljubilant*

sprightly*

Pleasure

cheerfulenraptured*peacefulplayfulpleasant

satisfiedamusedappreciativewhimsical*

Friendliness, Courtesy

accommodating*approvingcaressingcomfortingcompassionate

confidingcordial*courteousforgivinggracious*

helpfulindulgent*kindlyobliging*pitying

politesociablesolicitous*soothingsympathetic

tendertoleranttrusting

Animation

ardent*breathlessbriskcrispeager

excitedearnest*ecstaticenergeticexalted*

feverish*hastyhearty hopefulinspired

livelypassionaterapturous*vigorous*impassioned*

Romance

affectionateamorous*erotic*fanciful*ideal*

lustfulsensual*tender

Tranquility

calmhopefulmeditative*optimisticserene

relaxedsoothingspiritualdreamy

TONE (NEUTRAL)

General

authoritative*baffled*ceremonialclinical*detached*

disbelievingfactualformalinformativelearned

matter-of-factnostalgic*objective*questioningreminiscent*

restrained*sentimental*shockedurgent

Rational/Logical

admonitory*argumentativecandid*coaxingcritical

curiousdeliberatedidactic*doubtingexplanatory

frank*incredulous*indignant*innocentinsinuating*

instructiveoracular*pensive*persuasivepleading

preoccupied*puzzledsincerestudied*thoughtful

uncertainunequivocal*probing*

Self-Control

solemn*seriousserenesimplemild

gentletemperate*imperturbable*nonchalant*cool

wary*cautiousprudent*

Apathy

blas*boredcolorlessdefeateddispassionate*

dry*dullfeeble*helplesshopeless

indifferent*inert*languid*monotonous*resigned*

sluggish*stoical*sophisticated*vacant*

TONE (HUMOR/IRONY/SARCASM)

amusedbantering*bittercaustic*comical

condescending*contemptuous*cynical*disdainful*droll*

facetious*flippant*giddy*humorousinsolent*

ironic*irreverent*jokingmalicious*mock-heroic*

mockingmock-serious*patronizing*pompous*quizzical*

ribald*ridiculingsarcasticsardonic*satiric*

scornful*sharpsillytauntingteasing

whimsical*wry*belittlinghaughty*insulting

playfulhilariousuproarious

TONE(NEGATIVE)

General

accusingaggravated*agitated*angryarrogant

artificialaudacious*belligerent*bitterbrash*

childishcholeric*coarse*coldcondemnatory

condescendingcontradictorycriticaldesperatedisappointed

disgruntled*disgusteddisinterestedpassivefurious

harshhatefulhurtfulindignant*inflammatory*

insultingirritatedmanipulative*obnoxious*quarrelsome shamefulsuperficialsurly*testy*

threateninguninterested

Sadness

despairingdespondent*foreboding*gloomybleak

melancholy*maudlin*regretfultragic

Pain

annoyedbiterboredcrusheddisappointed

disgusteddismal*fretful*irritablemiserable

mournfulpatheticplaintive*querulous*sore

sorrowfulsoursulkysullentroubled

uneasy*vexed*worried

Unfriendliness

accusingbelittlingboorish*cuttingderisive*

disparaging*impudent*pitilessreproving*scolding

severespitefulsuspiciousunsociablereproachful*

Anger

belligerent*furiouslivid*wrathful*savage

indignant*enraged

Passion

fiercefrantic*greedyvoracious*hysterical

insaneimpetuous*impulsive*jealousnervous

recklesswild

Arrogance/Self-Importance

boastfulboldcondescendingcontemptuouspretentious*

pompous*supercilious*pedantic*didactic*bombastic*

self-righteous*assuredconfidentdefiantdignified

domineeringegotisticalimperious*impressivesmug*

knowingloftyperemptory*profound*proud

resolute*sententious*stiffsaucy*

Sorrow/Fear/Worry

aggravatedanxiousapologetic*apprehensive*concerned

confuseddepresseddisturbedembarrassingfearful

grave*hollow*morose*nervousnumb

ominous*paranoid*pessimisticpoignant*remorseful*

seriousstaid*enigmatic*

Submission/Timidity

aghast*alarmedashamedastonishedastounded

awedcontrite*self-deprecatory*docile*fawning*

groveling*ingratiating*meek*modest*obedient]

obsequious*resignedrespectfulreverent*servile*

shysubmissive*surprisedsycophantic*terrified

timidtremulous*unpretentious*willing

VERBS

These verbs will be especially effective when the subject is the author or a character. They are excellent replacements for be verbs and instrumental in the formulation of thesis and theme statements. Careful use of these verbs can result in precise identification of an authors purpose. Follow your teachers directions to categorize the verbs as transitive, intransitive, positive, negative, or neutral.

VERBS FOR LITERARY ANALYSIS

accentuatesacceptsachievesadoptsadvocates*

affectsalleviatesallowsalludes*alters*

analyzesapproachesarguesascertains*assesses*

assumesattacksattemptsattributes*avoids

basesbelieveschallengeschangescharacterizes

chooseschroniclesclaimscommentscompares

compels*completesconcernsconcludescondescends

conductsconformsconfronts*considerscontends*

contests*contrastscontributesconveysconvinces

definesdefiesdemonstratesdepicts*describes

delineates*despisesdetailsdeterminesdevelops

deviates*differentiates*differsdirectsdisappoints

discoversdiscussesdisplaysdisputesdisrupts*

distinguishesdistorts*downplaysdramatizeselevates

elicits*emphasizesencountersenhancesenriches

enumerates*envisionsevokesexcludesexpands

experiencesexplainsexpressesextendsextrapolates*

fantasizesfocusesforcesforeshadowsfunctions

generalizes*guidesheightenshighlightshints

holdshonorsidentifiesillustratesilluminates

imaginesimpels*implies*includesindicates

infers*inspiresintendsinterpretsinterrupts

inundates*justifiesjuxtaposes*lambastslaments*

lampoons*listsmaintainsmakesmanages

manipulatesminimizesmoralizes*muses*notes

observesopposesorganizesoverstatesoutlines

patronizes*performspermitspersonifies*persuades

ponders*portrayspostulates*preparespresents

presumesproducesprojectspromotesproposes

providesqualifies*questionsrationalizesreasons

recallsrecitesrecollectsrecordsrecounts

reflectsrefersregardsregretsrejects

representsresultsrevealsridiculessatirizes*

seemsseesselectsspecifiesspeculates*

statesstrives*suggestssummarizessupplies

supportssuppresses*symbolizessympathizestraces

understandsvacillates*valuesverifies*

VERBS TO USE INSTEAD OF EXEMPLIFIES

appearsassertsattests tocertifiesconfirms

connotes*corroborates*definesdemonstratesdenotes*

depictsdiscloses*elucidates*endorses*establishes

evinces*exhibitsexpounds*exposesintimates*

manifests*points toprovesratifies*relates

showssubstantiates*suggeststypifies*upholds

validates*

ADJECTIVES FOR USE IN LITERARY/RHETORICAL DISCUSSION

DESCRIBING THE AUTHOR

culturedintellectualerudite*well-readsagacious*

sensiblerationalphilosophic*analyticalimaginative

perceptivevisionary*prophetic*optimisticbroad-minded*

idealistic*spiritualorthodox*unorthodox*sympathetic

sophisticated*originalwhimsical*humorousconservative*

liberal*progressive*radical*reactionary*unprejudiced

realistic*romantic*shallowsuperficialbigoted

opinionated*intoleranthypocritical*fanatical*provincial*

narrow-minded*sentimentalskeptical*cynical*

DESCRIBING STYLE/CONTENT

lucid* graphic*intelligible*explicit*precise

exactconcise*succinct*condensed*pithy*

piquant*aphoristic*syllogistic*allusive*metaphorical

poeticprosaic*plainsimplehomespun*

purevigorous*forcefuleloquent*sonorous*

fluentglib*naturalrestrained*smooth

polished*classicalartisticbombastic*extravagant

rhetorical*turgid*pompous*grandiose*obscure*

vaguediffuse*verbose*pedantic*ponderous*

ungracefulharshabrupt*labored*awkward

unpolishedcrude*vulgar*formalartificial

utilitarian*humanistic*pragmatic*naturalistic*impressionistic*

subjective*melodramatic*fanciful*authentic*plausible*

credible*recondite*controversialmystical*improbable*

absurdtrivialcommonplaceheretical*

DESCRIBING DICTION

high or formallow or informalneutral preciseexact

concreteabstract*plainsimplehomespun

esoteric*learnedculturedliteral*figurative*

connotative*symbolicpicturesque*sensuous*literary

provincial*colloquial*slang*idiomatic*neologistic*

inexacteuphemistic*trite*obscure*pedantic*

bombastic*grotesquevulgar*jargon*emotional

obtuse*moralistic*ordinaryscholarlyinsipid*

properpretentious*old-fashioned

DESCRIBING SYNTAX

loose sentenceperiodic*balanced*interruptedsimple*

compound*complex*compound-complex*declarative*interrogative*

imperative*exclamatory*telegraphic*antithetic*inverted*

euphonic*rhythmicalepigrammatic*emphaticincoherent

ramblingtortuousjerkycacophonic*monotonous

spareaustere*unadorned*jumbledchaotic

obfuscating*journalistic*terse*laconic*mellifluous*