the upper paleolithic period

Download The Upper Paleolithic Period

Post on 08-Feb-2016

153 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

The Upper Paleolithic Period. 40,000 to 10,000 ya. The Upper Paleolithic. By 28 kya Neanderthals gone. Humans expand into most of the world. Art appears and spreads. Numerous technological innovations occur. Domestication of the Dog. Summary of Chronology. Basal Paleolithic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

  • The Upper Paleolithic Period40,000 to 10,000 ya

  • The Upper PaleolithicBy 28 kya Neanderthals gone.

    Humans expand into most of the world.

    Art appears and spreads.

    Numerous technological innovations occur.

    Domestication of the Dog

  • Summary of ChronologyBasal Paleolithic2.5 to 1.8 myaTime of Homo habilisOlduwan toolsLower Paleolithic1.8 m to 250 kyaTime of Homo erectusAcheulean hand axesMiddle Paleolithic250 to 40 kyaTime of H. neanderthalensisMousterian toolsThe Upper Paleolithic40 to 10 kyaChatelperronianAurignacianGravettianSolutreanMagdalenian

  • Tool IndustriesThese are tool complexes that are associated and are useful time markers for the UP.Chatelperronian = intermediate Mousterian to Aurignacian

    Aurignacian 36 22 kya. Earliest blade industry.

    Gravettian 33 22 kya. Thinner, more finely made blades than Aurignacian.

    Solutrean 22 18 kya. Extremely refined blade technology.

    Magdalenian 18 10 kya. Final UP blade industry. ART.

  • Two important definitionsBlades = flakes that are at least twice as long as they are wide.

    Composite tools = ones formed from multiple materials.E.g., a spear has a stone point, wooden shaft, bone fore-shaft, sinew hafting, and resins.

  • Mousterian Technology (Middle Paleolithic)

  • Making blades during the Upper Paleolithic Period.Composite tools during the Upper Paleolithic Period.

  • www.hf.uio.no/iakk/ roger/lithicAurignacian Tools: 40 to 30 kya in Europe

  • www.hf.uio.no/iakk/ roger/lithicAurignacian Tools40 to 30 kya

    Early Upper PaleolithicEurope

  • Other Features of the AurignacianDiverse, efficient, flexible tool kit.Beads & Jewelry made from mammal bones & teeth.Bone needles & awls suggesting tailored clothing.Portable art of engraved bone and ivorySouthern Germany: Vogelherd Cave & Hohlenstein Stadel.Grotte du Renne, France.

  • Tool IndustriesThese are tool complexes that are associated and are useful time markers for the UP.Chatelperronian = intermediate Mousterian to Aurignacian

    Aurignacian 36 22 kya. Earliest blade industry.

    Gravettian 33 22 kya. Thinner, more finely made blades than Aurignacian.

    Solutrean 22 18 kya. Extremely refined blade technology.

    Magdalenian 18 10 kya. Final UP blade industry. ART.

  • www.hf.uio.no/iakk/ roger/lithicGravettian Tools30 to 20 kya

    Mid Upper PaleolithicEurope

  • Two Important Gravettian SitesDolni Vestonice 27 kya (Czech Republic)Complex campsite.

    Kostenki 27 kya (Russia).Nine pit housesHearths in centers of hutsStorage pits cut into permafrost

  • Dolni Vestonice

  • Dolni Vestonice

  • Kostenki

  • Bone-framed house

  • Implications of SitesPeople becoming a bit more sedentaryDiet, however, still hunting & gatheringFind large herbivore remainsSmall mammals remainsSome fish bones

  • www.hf.uio.no/iakk/ roger/lithicSolutrean Tools: 22 to 18 kya in Europe

  • The DogDomestication = an organism relying on humans for survival & reproduction.

    Dogs come from wolves, which are pack animals.

    Dogs have abilities that humans dont have.

  • The Venus FigurinesPortable art that appeared during the Upper Paleolithic period.

    Female figures carved from soft stone or mammoth bone.

    Thought to symbolize fertility.

  • Venus of Gagarino, UkraineVenus of Willendorf, Austria

  • Implication of FigurinesSuggest communication and interaction over long distances.

    Suggest symbolic thinking.

  • Cave PaintingPainters used charcoal & red ochre

    Lascaux: (France) emphasis on animal paintings; human renderings are simple.

    Altamira: (Spain) use of natural features of the cave to enhance animal art.

    Chauvet Cave: (discovered 1994).

  • Chauvet Cave 33 20 kyaLarge cave galleriesCompositional groupings of herbivores & predators.Find rare species not depicted in other caves: rhino, lion, long-eared owl, & hyena.Appear to be stylistically unified (same culture).

  • Lascaux 34 12 kya

  • Chauvet Cave, France 33 - 20 kya

  • The Magdalenian20 10 kya. Stone/bone tool industry becomes more diverse.Microlithic blades.New weapons (e.g., harpoon).Large scale climate change occurred (deglaciation).Sites were occupied for longer than during Gravettian (more sedentary). Important sites: Madeliene Rockshelter, Laugerie HautePeople lived there for entire seasons, not year round.

  • Magdalenian Tools20 to 10 kyaLate Upper Paleolithic

  • Mezhirich, RussiaMagdalenian

  • Summary of Upper PaleolithicDiet became gradually more diversePeople became gradually less mobileArtwork proliferatesClimate warms, deglaciation during MagdalenianSets the stage for more regionalization and diversification during the Mesolithic

  • The MesolithicThe transition from foraging to farming

  • The MesolithicStarts at roughly 10 kya in many areasEnds when agriculture is firmly establishedThe last ice age is definitely over Climate becoming gradually warmerDiet continues to changePatterns of the Mesolithic are widespread

  • Diet is diverseFind all kinds of fishing equipmentGround-stone toolsDiverse projectile weapons from many materialsSome cultivation is apparentCultigens are plants that are cultivated but this does not equal domestication.

  • WidespreadThis diet pattern can be seen from England to Japan

    There are 35,000 Mesolithic sites along the coast of Japan

    Lets discuss one site, Nittano (Japan)Constantly occupied from 6 to 5 kya

  • NittanoThere were roughly 4 to 8 pithouses at any one time (they were often rebuilt)

    These houses had stone-lined hearths

    It is thought that people settled here year-round

    Intensification of architecture is important

  • Broad Spectrum RevolutionBSR refers to the way people adapted around 15 kya in the Middle East & 12 kya in Europe. During the Mesolithic, many plants & animals were hunted, gathered, collected, caught, & fished.

    Farming and life as we know it grows out of the BSR.

  • BSR & MesolithicStar Carr (England)Vedbaek (Denmark)Nittano (Japan)Elands Bay (South Africa)Mount Sandel (Ireland)

    It really is broad!

Recommended

View more >