the tang dynasty 618–907
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DESCRIPTIONThe Tang Dynasty 618–907. Statecraft: Era of Zhenguan 627-649 (continuity from Kaihuang Era in the previous Sui Dynasty ) Its relation to neighbors (as opposed to the Song Dynasty 581-600 ) Peace and Prosperity The An-Shi Rebellion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Tang Dynasty618907 Statecraft: Era of Zhenguan 627-649 (continuity from Kaihuang Era in the previous Sui Dynasty )Its relation to neighbors (as opposed to the Song Dynasty 581-600)Peace and ProsperityThe An-Shi RebellionWu Zetian, the only Empress in China (Di Renjie, Chinese Sherlock Holmes;Tang Poetry (Li Bai or Li Bo & Du Fu)
The Li Familyfounded by the Li () family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire. The dynasty was interrupted briefly by the Second Zhou Dynasty (690705) when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, becoming the first and only Chinese empress regnant , ruling in her own right. The An-Shi Rebellion (755-763) marks the turning point when the Tang dynasty started declining.Comparable to the Han dynasty in terms of the open door policy; both dynasties are prosperous.
Three Consequential EmperorsTaizong Li Shimin (reign 626 649)Empress Wu Zetian (r. 690-705)Xuanzong Li Longji (r. 712-756)(the An-Shi Rebellion 775-763)
Emperor Taizong of TangLi Shimin (reign 626 649)r. for reign Emperor Taizong's reign was regarded as the exemplary model against which all other emperors were measured, and his "Reign of Zhenguan" (Simplified Chinese / Traditional Chinese ) was considered a golden age of Chinese history and required study for future crown princes.
The Palace Coup at the Xuanwu Gate xunwmn zhbin 76The crown prince Li Jiancheng and Li Shimins 4th younger brother Li Yuanji committed adultery with their fathers favorite consorts/concubines Zhang Jieyu & Yin DefeiBecause of Li Shimin's contributions, at various times, Emperor Gaozu (Li Yuan) considered replacing Li Jiancheng with him, but eventually did not, as Li Jiancheng was supported by Li Yuanji and Emperor Gaozu's favorite concubines.At the funeral service for Princess Ping Yang, when Li Shimin barely took a little sip of wine, a flying swallow left its dropping into his cup, and smeared his clothes. Li went to change clothes. All of a sudden, he felt sharp pains in his stomachOn July 2nd 626, Li Shimin slaughtered his two brothers
Locke on Political LegitimacyJohn Locke: consent of the governed confers political legitimacy.Group Project: Review of Literature on political legitimacydifferent perspectives and theories
Li Shimins Reign of Zhenguan (626-649)Li Shimin proved to be an energetic and competent ruler. He regularized the administrative system of six ministries that the Sui had initiated and set up a separate bu'reaucracy to monitor the imperial household spending. He pursued a series of successful military campaigns that added or regained territory in Korea and Vietnam and extended Tang power far into Central Asia along the Silk Road. His capital, called Changan and located at the modern site of Xian, had a population of two million people and was the largest city in the world.
Li Shimins QuotationOn Government A monarch to his subjects is as water to a boat;Water can carry a boat; it can also capsize it. The mandate of heaven = the mandate of people Though Li Shimin had a bloody start, he turned out to be a great emperor Legitimacy:Crown prince Jiancheng is not qualified;Li Shimin later earned respect from his subjects;Consequentialism?
Famous paintingInternal Frames (Contrast)Emperor Taizong Li Shimin (r. 626-649) receives Ludongzan, ambassador of Tibet, at his court; painted in 641 AD by Yan Liben (600-673) Songtsn Gampos marriage
A Soldier and His HorseContrast in ProportionA bas-relief / (relief sculpture in whichthe figures project slightly from the background) of a soldier and horse with elaborate saddle and stirrups, from the tomb of Emperor Taizong, c. 650.
Songtsn Gampo(605 or 617? - 649) was the founder of the Tibetan Empire (Tibetan: Bod; Chinese: , Tubo/Tufan), by tradition held to be the thirty-third ruler in his dynasty.
Political SignificanceOne marriage is equal to 100,000 elite troops;Generous dowryChinese civilization was introduced to Tibet;Princess Wencheng
Princess Wencheng (623680 In 641, Li Shimin sent Princess Wenchen to TibetPotala Palace (in Tibet) was built for Princess Wenchenghttp://www.howjsay.com/index.php?word=potala%20palace
Wu Zetian624705holding court from behind a screen/curtain Or the Second Zhou Dynasty (690705)Palace Examinationdinsh final imperial examination (presided over by the emperor) was pioneered by Wu Zetian
Judge Di Renjie 630-700Nicknamed as Chinese Sherlock Holmes , twice serving as chancellor during Wu Zetians reign. He was one of the most celebrated officials of Wu Zetian's reignAmazing Detective Di Renjie, TV series
Sherlock HolmsSherlock Holmes ( /rlk homz/) is a fictional detective created by Scottish author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle . A brilliant London-based "consulting detective", Holmes is famous for his astute logical reasoning, his ability to take almost any disguise, and his use of forensic science skills to solve difficult cases.Dr. Henry Lee from Taiwan
Dr. Henry Lee
a Chinese-born American forensic scientist. He is one of the worlds foremost forensic scientists and founder of the Henry C. Lee Institute of Forensic Science.
Arthur Conan Doyle1859 1930Sherlock Holmes (right) and Dr. Watson, by Sidney Paget
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Li Longji685762 Emperor Xuanzong of Tang wearing the robes and the hat of a scholar
Famous PaintingA Man Herding Horses, by Han Gan (706-783), a court artist under Xuanzong Everything is well fed in the Tang dynasty!A different set of criteria in judging beauties.Plumpness is preferred.
Xuanzongs AccomplishmentsPromotion of DaoismReclaim the territories in the westHire the right persons except his employment of An Lushan and Yang Guozhong;
Four Ancient BeautiesXi Shi/Wang Zhaojun/Dao Chan/Yang Yuhuan
Xi Shi: Sinking the fishin the Spring & Autumn PeriodKing Fuchai of the Wu State (495473 BC) in 494 BCE defeated King Goujian of Yue;To win trust, Goujian, then in captivity as hostage with his chancellor Fan Li, tasted King Fuchais! excrement Fan Lis three strategies: 1. Have garrison troops grow grains;2. station troops;3. dispatch pretty girls to King Fuchai of Wu;
Wang Zhaojunor Wang Qiang (the Han dynasty)54 BCEA political marriage between Han and Hun;Wang refused to bribe the court painter Mao Yanshou ;Emperor Yuan of Han had the painter Mao Yanshou executed;Geese forgot to flip their wings upon seeing such a beauty!
Diao Chan (Three Kingdoms)eclipsed the moon! The Long Corridor at the Summer Palace
Precious Lady Yang YuhuanEmbarrassed the flowers!719756)Emperor Xuanzongs favorite concubine who influenced/distractred him a great deal;Associated with the An Lushan RebellionThe precious ladys elder brother Yang Guozhong became the chancellor!
Li Po, a Tang PoetLi Po or Li Bai (701 762); his poems represent the Peak of Romanticism; Praised for spontaneousness or spontaneity In 742, his candidacy got cancelled; Yang Guozhong as the chief examiner grinding ink Gao Lishi as the chief proctor took off his shoes 684762
Huaqing Pool, A Hot SpringHuaqing Pool is located at the foot of north Lishan Hill in Lintong, leaning against Wei River in the north and about 30 kilometers from the city of Xi'an, and enjoys quite favorable geographical location boasting green mountains and blue water.
Huaqing Hot SpringHuaqing Hot Spring has been the site of a famous imperial bathing pool and various palace complexes over its 3,000 year history. It is a National Cultural Relic and one of Chinas Hundred Famous Gardens.Huaqing (Hua means brilliant, Chinese or flowery; qing means pure or clear)
An-Shi Rebellion(755-763) An Lushans father was possibly a Hun, and his mother belongs to the Tujue ethnic group/Turk;He knows multiple languagesHis constant conflict with Yang GuozhongAn Lushan declared himself as emperor in the north;Shi SimingAn Lushan finally got a direct access to the Precious Lady, calling her mother;A power struggle between An Lushan and Yang Guozhong, Precious Ladys elder brother and Li Linfu, the prime minister
tngsnci tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty.Tang statue of a civil official dressed in Hanfu, made of sancai glazed earthenware; he wears a tall hat, wide-sleeved outer garment tied at the waist with a wide belt, and rectangular "kerchief" in front. A white inner gown hangs over his square shoes. He holds a tablet to his chest, preparing to provide a report to his superiors.
Tangs artworksA Tang period gilt-silver jar, shaped in the style of northern nomad's leather bag decorated with a horse dancing with a cup of wine in its mouth, as the horses of Emperor Xuanzong were trained to do.
ppa pipaA five-stringed pipa (wuxian) from the Tang Dynasty, ppa pipa, a plucked string instrument with a fretted fingerboard or fretboard.
tngsnci tri-coloured glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty.A Tang Dynasty tri-color glazed figurine of a horse
Dyn T The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, Chang'an (modern-day Xi'an. Built in 652, repaired by Empress Wu Zetian in 704.) Successful candidates names will be posted after the imperial examinations;The number one scholar could marry the emperors daughter!
A New Aesthetic Standardshnt traditional Chinese painting of beautiful women.In Tang painting, these women figures are no longer depicted as slim or slender;Instead, they look plump!Tang Dynasty represents the peak in Chinese civilization in many ways;
Zhang Xuan & Zhou Fang
Du Fu (712770) With his Moral Enga