The Stone Ages Paleolithic Era Neolithic Era. OLD STONE AGE OLD STONE AGE 4.5 million years ago 4.5 million years ago Hominids emerged Hominids emerged.

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>The Stone Ages Paleolithic Era Neolithic Era Slide 2 OLD STONE AGE OLD STONE AGE 4.5 million years ago 4.5 million years ago Hominids emerged Hominids emerged Paleolithic Era Slide 3 NEW STONE AGE NEW STONE AGE 10,000 years ago 10,000 years ago Neolithic Revolution = Agricultural Revolution Neolithic Revolution = Agricultural Revolution Shift from food gathering to food producing Shift from food gathering to food producing Neolithic Era Slide 4 So, whats the big deal? So, whats the big deal? Allowed for permanent settlement, food surpluses, the domestication of animals &amp; new technology Allowed for permanent settlement, food surpluses, the domestication of animals &amp; new technology Neolithic Era Slide 5 Slide 6 The Birth of Civilization The Birth of Civilization Slide 7 Cradles of Civilization Tigris/Euphrates River: Iraq Tigris/Euphrates River: Iraq Nile River: Egypt Nile River: Egypt Indus River: South Asia (Pakistan/India) Indus River: South Asia (Pakistan/India) Huang He River: East Asia (China) Huang He River: East Asia (China) Slide 8 The 5 Characteristics of Civilization Slide 9 Characteristics 1. Specialized Workers 2. Advanced Cities 3. Complex Institutions 4. Record Keeping 5. Improved Technology Slide 10 Specialized Workers Due to food surpluses, fewer people had to farm; time to refine skills &amp; specialize Due to food surpluses, fewer people had to farm; time to refine skills &amp; specialize Examples: Artisans, Sailors, Merchants, Weavers, Priests,etc. Examples: Artisans, Sailors, Merchants, Weavers, Priests,etc. Slide 11 Advanced Cities Once people began living together in one area, they established centers for trade Once people began living together in one area, they established centers for trade Examples: farmers, merchants, and traders brought goods to market in the cities Examples: farmers, merchants, and traders brought goods to market in the cities Slide 12 Complex Institutions Supervise and protect agriculture &amp; trade; Organize the community Supervise and protect agriculture &amp; trade; Organize the community Examples: Government, Religion, Economy Examples: Government, Religion, Economy Slide 13 Record Keeping To pass on and preserve information To pass on and preserve information Examples: Record amounts of grain, water levels, religious offerings, passage of laws, calendar, written language,etc. Examples: Record amounts of grain, water levels, religious offerings, passage of laws, calendar, written language,etc. Slide 14 Improved Technology New tools &amp; techniques to solve problems New tools &amp; techniques to solve problems Examples: ox-drawn plows, irrigation systems, potters wheel, tools from metal Examples: ox-drawn plows, irrigation systems, potters wheel, tools from metal </p>

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