the red ruffed lemur[1]

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  • 1. The red Ruffed lemur
    By Daniel

2. Scientific Classification
Common Name:Red Ruffed Lemur
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Primates
Family:Lemuridae
Genus Species:Vareciavariegataruba
3. Description
Soft, thick, orange-red fur
4. Description
Fox-like black head with bright yellow eyes
5. Description
A ruff of reddish fur around the neck
6. Description
Nape of neck may have a patch of white fur
7. Description
Black belly, hands, feet, and long bushy tail
8. Description
One of the largest
primates in Madagascar
Between 1.5 and 2 feet
in length
Weighs 7-10 pounds
Tail usually longer than
the body
9. Usually 2-3 offspring at a time
Can have up to 6 offspring
Gestation is 90-102 days
Young are left in a nest while parents find food
If the Lemurs need to move nests, they carry the babies in their mouth
Sometimes the babies are each given a nest
The babies are born with fur and their eyes open
Sexual maturity is 20 months
Reproduction
10. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
Like all lemurs, found exclusively on the island of Madagascar off the east coast of Africa
11. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
12. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
Restricted to the Masoala Peninsula.
13. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
14.Red Ruffed Lemurs Range
Range separated from the range of the Black and White Rugged Lemur by the Antainambalana River, the Red Ruffed Lemur on the North and the Black and White Lemur on the South.
15. Habitat
Tropical Rainforest in Madagascar
16. Habitat
Arboreal forest dwellers
17. Habitat
Prefers tall, thick, fruit-bearing trees
18. Diet
The Red Ruffed Lemur is:
a frugivore (eating fruits)
a folivore (eating foliage)
a nectivore (eating nectar)
Fruit makes up 75% of their diet
They also eat leaves, shoots and seeds
Their diet varies depending on the season
One of their favorite fruits is figs and they travel the jungle to find them
They get water from eating fruit or climbing down to the ground to drink from streams
19. Predators
Boa Constrictors
20. Predators
Eagles
21. Predators
Hawks
22. Predators
Fossa
23. Physical Adaptations
Thick Fur
Benefit:Protection from the elements
24. Physical Adaptations
Long, strong fingers and toes
Benefit:Good for climbing and hanging onto branches
25. Physical Adaptations
Long, thick tail
Benefit:Helps balance
when leaping and climbing
26. Physical Adaptations
Male and Female Scent Glands
Benefit:Communication and territory marking
27. Physical Adaptations
Keen Eyesight
Benefit:Find food and avoid predators
28. Physical Adaptations
Long arms and legs
Benefit:Able to reach far
when leaping and climbing
29. Physical Adaptations
Long, pointed snout
Benefit:Sipping nectar from flowers
30. Physical Adaptations
Protruding overbite and
spaced lower six teeth
Benefit:Creates a comb
for grooming
31. Physical Adaptations
The females have three
sets of mammary glands
Benefit: Able to nurse
larger litters
32. Physical Adaptations
The second claw on its hind legs are longer and thinner.
Benefit:Used for grooming
33. Behavioral Adaptations
Sometimes hang by their
feet on branches
Benefit:Able to grab
far away food
34. Behavioral Adaptations
Vocalizes using 12 distinct calls
Benefit:Communication with other lemurs
35. Behavioral Adaptations
Live in family groups of two adults with offspring
Benefit:Protection, finding food and raising young
36. Crepuscular/Diurnal
Benefit:Able to find fruit and flowers in the daytime.Finds food while predators may be sleeping
Behavioral Adaptations
37. Usually stays in the treetops
Benefit:Finds food in the canopy and avoids predators
Behavioral Adaptations
38. Endangered Species
Only 1,000 to 10,000 remain in the wild
One of the most endangered species of lemur:
Small geographic range
Habitat destruction
Hunting and live capture for pets
While doing my research I came across a site that was titled, Red Ruffed Lemurs for Sale!
The Masaola National Park, established in 1997 offers hope for the continued survival of Red Ruffed Lemurs in Madagascar
39. Interesting Facts
Madagascar separated from Africa over 160 million years ago
Lemurs developed only on Madagascar
Red Ruffed Lemurs can travel through the treetops1200m a day in search of ripe fruit
When Red Ruffed Lemurs live near Black and White Lemurs in zoos, they can understand each others calls even though these species dont normally meet in the wild.
40. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
41. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
42. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
43. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
44. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
45. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
46. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
47. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
48. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
49. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
50. Zoo Environment
Indoors
Enclosed by glass and bars
Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
Four adult animals housed together
Little live vegetation
2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
Some rocks and ledges
Ropes and logs to climb on
Poop all over the ground
Water bowls in floor of enclosure
51. Zoo Improvements
If I had the power to change the Red Ruffed Lemurs zoo habitat, this is what I would do.I liked that there was some things to climb on but I think that to maintain the adaptation of having long arms and legs to climb higher we must give them more things to climb on.I also think there should be more room for the Red Ruffed Lemurs because they are territorial and are adapted to traveling long distances to find food. I think there should be outside space to maintain the adaptation of having thick fur to withstand the elements.I believe that to keep the adaptation of a long snout to reach into flowers to get nectar, we must give them real flowers to stick their muzzle in and get nectar.I think that their habitat should be higher off the ground because they naturally like to stay higher in the trees than on the ground.I also would have made the habitat have more