the protestant reformation in germany freedom v. authority

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  • Slide 1
  • The Protestant Reformation in Germany Freedom v. Authority
  • Slide 2
  • Martin's mother, Margarette came from a small but very well- off family. Martin's mother, Margarette came from a small but very well- off family. Despite her soft upbringing, she did her share of the family's workload but with three children to look after she was a harsh disciplinarian. Despite her soft upbringing, she did her share of the family's workload but with three children to look after she was a harsh disciplinarian. Luther recalled once that for the sake of stealing a nut, my mother once beat me until the blood flowed. Luther recalled once that for the sake of stealing a nut, my mother once beat me until the blood flowed. Hans also ruled his son with an iron fist. Hans also ruled his son with an iron fist. Martin later recalled: "my father once whipped me so hard I ran away I hated him until he finally managed to win me back." Martin later recalled: "my father once whipped me so hard I ran away I hated him until he finally managed to win me back."
  • Slide 3
  • Hans had high hopes for his first son and had his heart set on Martin becoming a lawyer which would enable the Luthers to climb even higher up the social ladder. Hans had high hopes for his first son and had his heart set on Martin becoming a lawyer which would enable the Luthers to climb even higher up the social ladder. Young Martin followed his father's wishes without protest. Young Martin followed his father's wishes without protest. He was sent to the best schools in the area and then to the University of Erfurt. He was sent to the best schools in the area and then to the University of Erfurt. In 1505 Hans was devastated to learn that his son, without consulting him, had decided to embrace religion and had sought admission to the house of the Augustinian Hermits in Erfurt. In 1505 Hans was devastated to learn that his son, without consulting him, had decided to embrace religion and had sought admission to the house of the Augustinian Hermits in Erfurt.
  • Slide 4
  • Both parents lived to see their son married in 1525 and the birth of several grandchildren before Hans died in 1530 and Margarette in 1531. Both parents lived to see their son married in 1525 and the birth of several grandchildren before Hans died in 1530 and Margarette in 1531. The Luthers, who were disappointed that their son had not become a middle-class lawyer, both witnessed his transformation into one of the most famous and infamous figures of the medieval world. The Luthers, who were disappointed that their son had not become a middle-class lawyer, both witnessed his transformation into one of the most famous and infamous figures of the medieval world.
  • Slide 5
  • The Cast of Characters Martin Luther, an obscure German monk. Changed the medieval world and threatened the Catholic Church like no other. Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor from 1500-1558. Opposed Luther and tried to outlaw him and his followers as heretics. Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony from 1486-1525. Supported Luther and his teachings. Protected him in his early years so the Reformation had a chance to flourish. Leo X, one of the most extravagant Popes in history. Made the mistake of not seeing Luther as a threat to the power of the Catholic Church. Hans and Margarette Luther, pious and hardworking Germans whose son changed the world forever. Katharine von Bora, Luthers wife. Luther found peace when he married this ex-nun whom he had helped to escape from a nunnery.
  • Slide 6
  • Martin Luther: Driven to Defiance I would never have thought that such a storm would rise from Rome over one simple scrap of paper... -- Martin Luther I would never have thought that such a storm would rise from Rome over one simple scrap of paper... -- Martin Luther Martin Luther, an obscure Augustinian monk
  • Slide 7
  • Few if any men have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. Few if any men have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. In less than ten years, this dedicated German monk: In less than ten years, this dedicated German monk: Upset a Church that had ruled for a thousand years Upset a Church that had ruled for a thousand years Set in motion a sequence of revolution, war, and conflict that would reshape Western civilization and bring it into the Modern Era. Set in motion a sequence of revolution, war, and conflict that would reshape Western civilization and bring it into the Modern Era.
  • Slide 8
  • Luthers story is an account of: Luthers story is an account of: The birth of the modern age The birth of the modern age The collapse of medieval feudalism The collapse of medieval feudalism The beginning of the ideals of freedom and liberty that are at the core of the 21 st century. The beginning of the ideals of freedom and liberty that are at the core of the 21 st century. Martin Luther detail from the Freedom Window War Memorial Chapel Washington Cathedral. (Noted are Moses, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther, Paul Revere and George Washington.)
  • Slide 9
  • But it is also an intensely human tale: But it is also an intensely human tale: It is the story of a man who begins his journey in the depths of despair, triumphs, but turns to despair again when he is faced with forces he cannot comprehend or control. It is the story of a man who begins his journey in the depths of despair, triumphs, but turns to despair again when he is faced with forces he cannot comprehend or control. As his followers sought to build a new and just Europe around him, he could only turn on them in frustration, declaring that their only goal should be Heaven. As his followers sought to build a new and just Europe around him, he could only turn on them in frustration, declaring that their only goal should be Heaven. Martin Luther stands as a hero, the man who built the bridge between the Medieval and the Modern. His tragedy was that he would never find the courage to cross it himself. Martin Luther stands as a hero, the man who built the bridge between the Medieval and the Modern. His tragedy was that he would never find the courage to cross it himself.
  • Slide 10
  • Martin Luther was born into a world dominated by the Catholic Church, which held spiritual authority over all the nations of Europe. Martin Luther was born into a world dominated by the Catholic Church, which held spiritual authority over all the nations of Europe. For the intensely spiritual Luther, the Church's promise of salvation was irresistible. (According to legend, he was caught in a thunder- storm, terrified by the possibility of imminent death, and vowed to become a monk.) For the intensely spiritual Luther, the Church's promise of salvation was irresistible. (According to legend, he was caught in a thunder- storm, terrified by the possibility of imminent death, and vowed to become a monk.) But after entering the monastery, Luther became increasingly doubtful that the Church could actually offer him salvation at all. His views were upheld by a trip to Rome, where he found that the capital of Catholicism was laden with corruption. But after entering the monastery, Luther became increasingly doubtful that the Church could actually offer him salvation at all. His views were upheld by a trip to Rome, where he found that the capital of Catholicism was laden with corruption. "God has given us the Papacy. Let us enjoy it!" Pope Leo X
  • Slide 11