the outdoors fins, feathers, and all about my favorite bird 9+ 2 hrs. 40 the christmas bird count...

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    Member’s Manual

    Draft 2007

    Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives

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    4-H Motto Learn to do by doing.

    4-H Pledge I pledge My HEAD to clearer thinking My HEART to greater loyalty My HANDS to larger service My HEALTH to better living For my club, my community and my country.

    4-H Quality Equation Principles Quality People

    Promote responsibility, respect, trust, honesty, fairness, sportsmanship, citizenship, teamwork and caring.

    Quality Experiences

    Provide members with personal development and skill development experiences.

    Quality Projects Promote and value quality effort. Promote high quality, safe food production within industry standards.

    Table of Contents TOPIC PAGE Project Completion Requirements 3 Achievement Ideas 4 List of Activities 5 Project Evaluation 8 Fins 10 Feathers 30 Fur 44 Credits 59

    Manitoba 4-H

    project material is cost-shared

    between Manitoba

    Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives

    and Agriculture and

    Agri-Food Canada.

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    For completion of this project, each 4-H members must:

    � Spend a minimum of 12 hours completing their chosen activities. Each activity is assigned an approximate time length to help plan and organize the activity. It is not necessary to take all of the activities in each theme or to take them in a specific order, unless the activity has a requirement activity.

    � Complete any “requirement” activities before attempting the new activity. It is important to do the requirement activity first as it teaches skills needed to complete the more advanced activity.

    � Guidelines are given for approximate age suitability for each activity. Keep in mind that these are only guidelines and may be adjusted according to individual skill levels. The ACTIVITY, suggested AGE, estimated TIME needed for the activity, REQUIREMENTS needed before beginning the activity, and the LEARNING OUTCOME will appear in a box like the one below.

    � Leaders and members are required to initial each completed activity in

    the space provided at the end of the activity. � Check off completed activities in the check box provided in the Activity

    Listing on Page 5/6. � The Activity Talk and Member/Leader Initial Space will appear in a box

    like the one below.

    Activity Talk:

    Do you know how to use each of the items in the kit? Have you taken a first aid course?

    “Make a First Aid Kit” activity has been completed. Member’s Initials______ Leader’s Initials______


    Age: 14+ Time: ½ hour for each method Requirement: Complete activity “Building a Campfire” before starting this activity. Learning Outcomes: To learn alternative ways of starting a fire when you have no matches.

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    � Choose different project activities for each year the project is taken. � Complete the My 4-H Record. (green sheet) Members are required to list

    the activities they completed in the “Project Meetings” section of My 4-H Record.

    � Participate in the Project/Club Achievement activities as decided upon by the project group. Ideas for Achievement are listed below.


    The project group can choose one of these ideas or come up with an idea of their own for Achievement, keeping in mind that the purpose of the “Achievement” is to celebrate what has been learned through the project. The celebration could include any of the following: items made, skills learned, a demonstration or presentation about your project or skills, or an outing where skills are actually put into practical use. The achievement could include community members, families, and friends. � If part of a multipurpose club, where other projects will be displaying their

    achievements, the Camping and Survival Skills could display items used or made in project work, set up a photograh display, or give demonstrations.

    � Invite friends, family, and community members to an outdoor cook-out and demonstrate some skills learned in the project.

    � Take an overnight or a several day backpacking or camping trip to practice some of the skills you learned in the project. Make a poster or a write-up for the local paper to inform them about your experiences.

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    ACTIVITY Age Time Page Chosen Activities



    Facts about Fish 9+ .5 hrs. 11

    Fishing Tackle 9+ 1 hr. 14

    Goin’ Fishin’ 9+ 2 hrs. 18

    Filleting a Fish 11+ 1 hr.. 20

    Canoe and Paddle Parts Relay 9+ .5 hrs. 22

    Canoeing Skills 11+ 1 hr. 23

    Ice Fishing 9+ 4-5 hrs.


    Boating Safety 16+ 8 hrs. 28

    ACTIVITY Age Time Page Chosen Activities



    Bird Watching 9+ 3-4 hrs 32

    Making a Pine Cone Feeder 9-10 .5 hrs. 35

    Making a Covered Feeder 11+ 2 hrs. 35

    Making a Milk Carton Bird House 9-10 9-10 hrs. 37

    Making a Bird House 11+ 2 hrs. 38

    Listening for Bird Calls 9+ .5 hrs. 39

    Making a Bird Call 9-10 .5 hrs. 39

    All About My Favorite Bird 9+ 2 hrs. 40

    The Christmas Bird Count 11+ 2 – 5 hrs.40

    Migration Monitoring – Songbird Banding 14+ 12 hrs. 41

    Breeding Bird Survey 14+ 4-5 hrs. 42

    Mentored Hunting Opportunities 43

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    ACTIVITY Age Time Page Chosen Activities



    Mammals of the Land 9+ 1 hr. 46

    Animal Watch 9+ 1-2 hrs. 46

    Plaster Cast Tracks 9+ 1 hr. 47

    Judge Nature 9+ 1 hr. 48

    Hunter Education Course 12+ 2+ hrs. 49

    Big Game Hunting 12+ 2+ hrs. 50

    Trapper Education 12+ 8-12 hrs.51

    Snowshoeing 9+ 1-3 hrs. 52

    Making Moccasins 11+ 5-6 hrs. 54


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    Please help us to make sure the 4-H program provides quality projects. Fill out this form as you work through the book. Your answers will be used to improve the project. After you are done your project, mail this form to: Provincial 4-H Office Manitoba Agriculture and Food 1129 Queens Avenue Brandon, MB. R7A 1L9 Who are you? _____ member _____ leader _____ parent

    1. Why did you choose to take this project? __________________________ _________________________________________________________

    2. What was the best part of this project?___________________________ _________________________________________________________

    3. In this book, what things were too hard or didn’t work?________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. What are some neat ideas that would make this book more exciting?

    _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

    5. Anything else you would like to tell us?_____________________________

    _________________________________________________________ In case we need to find out more, you may want to add your name: Name: ___________________ Phone #: ________ Email: ____________

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    Activity Page

    Facts about Fish 11

    Fishing Tackle 14

    Goin’ Fishin’ 18

    Filleting a Fish 20

    Canoe and Paddle Parts Relay 22

    Canoeing Skills 23

    Ice Fishing 26

    Boating Safety 28

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    � A fish is the oldest living vertebrate in the world. A vertebrate is made up

    of small pieces of bone or cartilage called vertebrae. � A fish lives in water and breathes through gills. � A fish is cold blooded – their body temperature is the same temperature as

    the water they are living in. � A fish balances and moves itself with fins.


    Age: 9+ Time: ½ hour Learning Outcome: To learn the physical features of a fish, where and how they live. To recognize common fish of Manitoba.

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    Diagram courtesy of Manitoba Fisheries

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    Bass Burbot Carp Catfish Crappie

    Drum Goldeye Mooneye Perch Pike

    Sauger Sturgeon Sucker Trout Whitefish


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