The New Stone Age

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The New Stone Age. Covers development of agriculture, domestication of plants and animals, irrigation systems, migration to Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent.

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<ul><li> 1. The New Stone Age The Neolithic Era Began as early as 10,000 years ago in Southwest Asia Click for Sing-a-long Song </li></ul> <p> 2. Big Idea The development of agriculture brought great changes to human society. Main Ideas: O The first farmers learned to grow plants and raise animals in the New Stone Age O Farming changed societies and the way people lived. Video- stone age comparison 3. If you were there OScenario: As a gatherer you know where to find the sweetest fruits. Every summer, you eat many of these fruits, dropping the seeds on the ground. One day you return to find new plants everywhere. You realize the plants have grown from your dropped seeds. Q: How could this discovery change your life? 4. Consider this. FOOD changes: O Can plant seeds &amp; grow food O Will have more stable food supply O Will not have to gather plants O Will not have to follow herds Other Changes We will be able to feed more people Will have more time for activities other than finding food Will be able to settle in one place Q: How can this discovery change your life? 5. Development of Agriculture O Neolithic Revolution-Shift from food gathering to food producing O Domestication of plants and animals O Warming led to growth of wild barley and wheat plants (grains) O Tools: O polished stone saws and drills O Learned to make fire O Developed new metal tools 6. Domestication of Animals Pros: O Hunters didnt have to follow herds anymore O Sheep or goats were kept for milk, food, and wool O Cattle could carry heavy loads or pull large tools used in farming O The use of animals in farming greatly improved peoples chances of surviving Cons: O Having animals live close to people and communities caused new diseases in humans. 7. Fertile Crescent O Crops grow well near rivers where water is readily available and regular floods make the soil rich. O Mesopotamia- between two rivers in Greek O Problem: early settlers needed to learn how to control the flow of the river to their field throughout the year. O Solutions: Irrigation and canals O Result: Surplus of food and division of labor Workbook pages 14-15 8. Catal Huyuk- Turkey O One of the earliest known farming villages discovered (8,000 years ago) O Home to 5,000- 6,000 people living in 1,000 houses O They: O Farmed O Hunted O Fished O Traded with distant lands O Worshiped gods in special shrines O As villages &amp; communities grew-the need for government arose. Textbook pages 42-43: How did farmers get water to their fields? 9. Quick Check Changes in Details Climate Use of plants Use of animals Daily life -Warms over time allowing grains to grow easily -People adapt to the temperatures as they migrate-changing plants to grow largest or sweetest -seeds planted for food -fiber plants for making clothing -domesticated for food, milk, wool/ fur -used to carry heavy loads or pull large farming tools -new division of labor (no longer needed as many hunters) -built &amp; maintained permanent home and fields </p>