The Nano–Micro Interface: Bridging Micro and Nano Worlds. Edited by Hans-Jörg Fecht and Matthias Werner
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The NanoMicro Interface:Bridging Micro and NanoWorldsEdited by Hans-Jrg Fecht and MatthiasWerner.
Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2004. 351 pp., hard-cover E 99.00.ISBN 3527309780
By its very title, Nano-Micro Interface:Bridging Micro and Nano Worlds is atimely book for the field of nanotechnol-ogy. Since re-searchers canmake microscaleobjects nanoscale(the top-downapproach) as wellas atomic andmolecular speciesnanoscale (thebottom-up ap-proach) are thereapplications innanoscience and technology that canbenefit, or be revolutionized, by combin-ing both approaches? This book ad-dresses this question primarily from theperspective of miniaturization, or howmicrotechnologies (e.g., micromachin-ing, microfabrication, chemical polish-ing) can impact nanotechnology. Thisbridge is not as strong from thebottom-up, however, although signifi-cant research progress has been madein this direction. How nanometer-scalebuilding blocks (e.g., nanowires, nano-tubes, DNA) can be assembled, or be in-tegrated with microtechnology, receiveslittle attention. Presentation-wise, thedesign and layout of the book are excel-lent. The table of contents is well organ-ized; each chapter is divided into small,readable sections; and the chaptertitles are descriptive. The best audiencefor this book would be scientists andengineers interested in nanotechnologyand its economic history, and facultyand graduate students interested in ap-plications at the nano/micro lengthscales.
Perhaps the most unusual, and ar-guably the strongest, portion of thisbook is the first 80 pages, which pro-vides a historical background for whenand how different countries initiated re-search funding for nanotechnology. An-other useful inclusion is a primer onstart-up and small businesses and the
necessary steps for how nanotechnolo-gy can make an impact in the market-place. Based on these perspectivesalone, a strong case could be made thatthis book is a significant contribution,well worth reading. The first section pro-vides social and economic context forthe science and applications of nano-technology that are covered in the sub-sequent chapters.
The remaining two sections of thebook are organized into Fundamentalsand Technology and Applications. Thesesections are composed of well-writtenchapters that cover a broad range oftopics from the impact of nanoscienceon heterogeneous catalysis to microflui-dics and lab-on-a-chip technology tobio-inspired antireflective surfaces. Al-though each individual chapter providesa short introduction to the subject area,these paragraphs are not always inclu-sive of the current advances to date(end of 2004). The chapters could bemore useful to readers either if the arti-cles functioned more as minireviews (in-cluding figures) instead of summaries ofthe authors own work or if larger por-tions of the chapters were dedicatedspecifically to the nanomicro interface.To complement the existing chapters,the topics of nanoscale fabrication andassembly methods might have been in-cluded.
What really would have made thisbook a must have is a forward-lookingchapter (or two) devoted to the evalua-tion of creative strategies that can prac-tically connect nanomaterials to themacroscale world. Is the best approachat the interface of top-down andbottom-up or would an entirely newparadigm be more effective? One exam-ple is device applications (e.g., transis-tors, light-emitting diodes, sensors)based on nanostructures, in which theacademic standard is to wire-up thesenanostructures one (or several) at atime using micrometer-sized leads (mi-crofabrication meets nanomaterials).But is this method suited for creatingmassively parallel arrays of devices thatcan be addressed individually? The ex-ploration and development of new ideasfor this and other areas would be a shot
in the arm for progress in nanotechnolo-gy.
Teri W. OdomNorthwestern University2145 Sheridan RoadEvanston, IL 60208 (USA)DOI: 10.1002/smll.200400161
Carbon NanotubesBy Stefanie Reich, Christian Thomsenand Janina Maultzsch.
Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2004. 224 pp., hard-cover E 99.00.ISBN 3527403868
Not many materials have generatedsuch hype in science in recent years ascarbon nanotubes. This is to someextent due to thefact that nano-tubes might beapplicable inmany kinds of(nano)technologi-cal devices. Forexample, it is dis-cussed in CarbonNanotubes thatthey could beuseful for the re-inforcement of materials, as emitters indisplay technology, or even as nano-scopic transistors in electronic devi-cesbut this is not the subject of thisbook. In contrast, this book is devotedto the basic physical principles ofcarbon nanotubes that lead to their re-markable material properties. As such,it is an excellent physical textbook,which explains several fundamental as-pects of one-dimensional nanoscopicsystems on the basis of carbon nano-tubes, and then leads the reader to thefrontiers of fundamental science in thisfield.
The main focus of the book is to de-velop a detailed understanding of therelationship between the structure ofthe carbon nanotubes and the evolvingelectrical, optical, and vibrational prop-erties. Therefore, the topic of the firstchapter Structure and Symmetry is acentral issue throughout the whole
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