The mughals

Download The mughals

Post on 15-Jan-2015




1 download

Embed Size (px)


A nice one to read and share!!!


<ul><li> 1. THE MUGHAL S</li></ul> <p> 2. BABUR Babur was the first ruler of the mughal dynasty. Babur was a brilliant general and leader of men. He destroyed the power of the Lodis and the Rajput confedracy and the laid the foundation of Mughal Empire Babur died in 1530 CE. 3. BATTLE OF PANIPAT -I On 1526 CE Babur fought with Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat. The Battle of Panipat was the first among many battles that Babur had to win before he could lay claim to sovereign authority. Babur had a small, disciplined and loyal army with its excellent cavalry and fine artillery. 4. HUMAYUN Humayun was a learned man and well versed in various languages and subjects. He was a capable soldier but a poor general . He lacked political wisdom, military foresight and suffered from indecision. His sister Gulbadan wrote an an account on his life called HUMAYUNNAMA. 5. AKBAR Akbar was thirteen year old when he was proclaimed the emperor. Having understood the advantages of a friendly relationship with the Rajputs Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with them. The Mughal forces clashed with the Rajputs of Mewar in the battle of Haldighatti1576 CE. Abul Fazl wrote the AKBARNAMA, an excellent historical work in Persian. 6. BATTLE OF PANIPAT-II In 1556 CE the Mughal forces clashed with the Afghan forces led by the chief minister and general of Adil Shah, Hemu. Hemu was defeated and killed . The second Battle of Panipat crushed the Afghan power and removed the threat to Akbars throne. 7. JAHANGIR Jahangir was fairly successful as ruler . He continued Akbars policy of religious tolerance and friendship with the Rajputs. Jahangir was a patron of painting , architecture . He was an excellent writer of his times. 8. SHAH JAHAN Shah Jahan ascended the mughal throne in 1628 ce &amp; ruled till 1658 . Shah Jahans reign is considered the golden age of the mughal empire . He build Taj Mahal in the memory of his beloved wife , Mumtaz Mahal. 9. THE TAJ MAHAL Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders in the world . It was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal . It is a memorable monument that the mughals gifted to INDIA. 10. AURANGZEB Aurangzeb was a devout muslim . He led a pious life &amp; forbade music , dancing and the intake of wine in the court .He worked very hard and kept fighting with the marathas till the last days of his life. He died in 1707 ce . 11. THE GREAT MUGHAL EMPIRE 12. THANK YOU </p>