The Mishnah. The Mishnah is one of the major works of rabbinic literature.

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  • The Mishnah

  • The Mishnah is one of the major works of rabbinic literature

  • According to Jewish tradition, God gave Moses two laws at Mount Sinai: The written law The oral law

    Mishnah

  • The written law became the first five books of the Old Testament the TorahThe oral law was used to preserve the relevance and application of the written law

    Mishnah

  • In Jewish tradition, the Bible is called Mikra, that which is read

    Mishnah means that which is repeated

    Mishnah

  • In a broad sense, Mishnah may refer to everything Moses received from God at Mount Sinai that was not in written form.

    Mishnah

  • In narrow sense, Mishnah refers to a specific collection of legal opinions compiled under the direction of Rabbi Judah HaNasi (Judah the Prince)

    Mishnah

  • A mishnah can also refer to the smallest subdivision of the Mishnah, a section of the text, about twice the length of a Bible verse.

    Mishnah

  • The Mishnah contains the opinions and sayings of sages and rabbis from about 300 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.

    MishnahC.E.B.C.E.

    330O220

  • The Mishnah is divided into six orders or divisions called sedarim

    These six orders are further subdived into tractates or massekhtot Mishnah subdivisions

  • The tractates are divided into chapters or perakim

    The chapters are divided into mishnah verses or mishnayotMishnah subdivisions

  • Mishnah subdivisions

  • SeedsZeraimAgricultural laws11Appointed TimeMoedJewish holidays12WomenNashimLaws & concerns relevant to women10*DamagesNezikinTorts & casuistry, guide for public life7Holy ThingsKodashinTemple worship11PuritiesToharotRitual purity12

    Order/Division SedarimSubjectNumber of Tractates1.2.3.4.5.6.

  • SeedsZeraimAgricultural laws11Appointed TimeMoedJewish holidays12WomenNashimLaws & concerns relevant to women10*DamagesNezikinTorts & casuistry, guide for public life7Holy ThingsKodashinTemple worship11PuritiesToharotRitual purity12

    Order/Division SedarimSubjectNumber of Tractates1.2.3.4.5.6.

  • 10*Damages Nezikin

    Torts & casuistry, guide for public life One of the 10 tractates of Damages is the Ethics of the Fathers

    This collection of ethical maxims and teachings of wisdom is the most celebrated tractate of the Mishnah

  • The Mishnah later became the foundation for the next layer of Jewish legal scholarly activity: the Talmud

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