the middle east prior to wwi. background on the middle east (me) territory: turkey to afghanistan &...

Download The Middle East Prior to WWI. Background on the Middle East (ME) Territory: Turkey to Afghanistan & part of N. Africa Birthplace for 3 monotheist rel.:

Post on 27-Dec-2015

213 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • The Middle East Prior to WWI
  • Slide 2
  • Background on the Middle East (ME) Territory: Turkey to Afghanistan & part of N. Africa Birthplace for 3 monotheist rel.: Judaism, Christianity, Islam Ottomans: 500 yrs Aft. WWI=Turkey Great Britain (GB)=Palestine, Transjordan, Iraq Fr=Syria, Lebanon
  • Slide 3
  • Nation Building Turkey: 1 st republic in ME (1923) Theocracy (Koran) Mustafa Kemal Father of the Turks Persia: controlled by GB and Russia (RU) Never under Ottoman control Shah 1935=Iran
  • Slide 4
  • Mustafa Kemal Father of the Turks
  • Slide 5
  • Saudi Arabia Bedouin: Shaykh Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud Palestine (PAL) Jews: 586 BCE Chaldeans Returned to PAL by Persians Israel taken off map in AD 6 Fled PAL or stayed w/ Otto. & Arabs
  • Slide 6
  • Jewish nationalist=homeland= Zionist Kibbutzim: social farming communities
  • Slide 7
  • Slide 8
  • Anti-Semitism Begins 1.Pogroms in E. Europe & RU forced many to FR, GB, GER, US, PAL
  • Slide 9
  • 2.1894 Capt Alfred Dreyfus Jew in FR army & officer Secrets to GER wh/= 12 yrs. in prison Dreyfus Affair
  • Slide 10
  • Balfour Declaration (1917) Sir Arthur Balfour: both Jews and Pal. w/ homeland Ea. side believed they had GB support 85,000 (1914) to 445,000 (1930) of pop. Riots broke out; immigration limited
  • Slide 11
  • The Middle East WWII-present
  • Slide 12
  • Preview What is happening in this photograph? Who are the people that are blindfolded? Why is this event significant?
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • Processing People are being taken hostage. American citizens Iranian Hostage Crisis Still have a bad relationship with them today; view ea. other as threat
  • Slide 15
  • Israel 1948 recreated as ind. Nation PAL felt Jews had best land wh/ = war w/ Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria Arab refugees PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) Yasser Arafat: 1988 said PAL ind. Nation PAL not recognized by the global community
  • Slide 16
  • Yasser Arafat Died November 11, 2004 at the age of 75. The exact cause of his illness is unknown.
  • Slide 17
  • 1978 border dispute btw. Egypt and Israel finally settled Anwar Sadat: Egypt Menachim Begin: Israel Jimmy Carter: US Nobel Peace Prize 2002 Still working in ME
  • Slide 18
  • Slide 19
  • On 6 October 1981, Sadat was assassinated during the annual victory parade in Cairo. The assassination had been planned by Omar Abdel-Rahman, a cleric later convicted in the U.S. for his role in the 1993 World trade Center bombing.
  • Slide 20
  • The officers in charge of the parade security for Sadat were on hajj to Mecca. As the air force jets flew overhead, distracting the crowd, a troop truck halted before the presidential reviewing stand, and a lieutenant strode forward. Sadat stood to receive his salute, whereupon the assassins rose from the truck, throwing grenades and firing assault rifle rounds. The attack lasted about two minutes.
  • Slide 21
  • Culture & conflicts Economy Oil: Organization of Petroleum Exports (OPEC) Rt. Price for their product Oil crisis 1973: shortages & increased prices wh/ forced options 1.Conservation 2.Alternatives
  • Slide 22
  • Making the connection The recent oil crisis (2007 to present) has forced what new options? Why do you think the US is reluctant to reduce its dependence on foreign oil?
  • Slide 23
  • Tension 1975 Persian Gulf countries w/ highest per capita income in the world=blending of old & new Islamic fundamentalist Obedience to the basic laws of the religion
  • Slide 24
  • Iran Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi wanted modernization like the west; great friend of US Conservative Muslims= ayatollahs wanted an Islamic republic in strict obedience to Koran
  • Slide 25
  • Ayatollah Khomeini: Death to the Shah Down with America 1979 Shah fled to US & AK to power 1979 US embassy taking 60 AM hostage for 444days; Released in 1981 when Reagan cam to power Demand: Shah be returned to Iran for trial
  • Slide 26
  • October 22, 1979 received treatment in NY Died in Egypt on July 27th, 1980, aged 60.
  • Slide 27
  • Ayatollah Khomeini
  • Slide 28
  • Ronald Reagan
  • Slide 29
  • Iraq War w/ Iran over rel. differences Saddam Hussein in power in Iraq wh/ = secular leadership
  • Slide 30
  • Hussein Opposed W. influence & wanted to lead an United Arab World against Israel 1979: 20 cabinet members executed wh/ = total obedience due to fear Sword of the Arabs
  • Slide 31
  • Iraq under Hussein Testing new world order Charter of Paris 1990 August 2, 1990 Saddam Hussein attacked Kuwait w/I 1 hr. 100,000 Iraqi soldiers @capt. Kuwait city President George Bush = naked aggression
  • Slide 32
  • Saddam Hussein
  • Slide 33
  • 41st President George Bush
  • Slide 34
  • Kuwait 1.War w/ Iran = $80 bil debt 2.120 mile shoreline w/ best deep H20 port 3.2 islands blocked Iraq fr. Gulf 4.Wanted oil reserves 5.Good position to invade Saudi Arabia
  • Slide 35
  • President George Bush 1.No 1 nation can dominate the ME 2.Production of nuclear weapons threatened Israel wh/ = war
  • Slide 36
  • 3.Upset global balance of power Hussein compared to Hitler Gather allies Operation Desert Shield Congress voted for war 01-16- 1991 Operation Desert Storm=Persian Gulf War Kuwait City freed 02-27-1991
  • Slide 37
  • 1993 attack on World Trade Center *News footage video*
  • Slide 38
  • Slide 39
  • What is happening in this picture?
  • Slide 40
  • September 11, 2001 Attack on the World Trade Center, New York City Al-Qaeda Osama Bin Laden Afghanistan Saddam Hussein: Iraq
  • Slide 41
  • Osama bin Laden
  • Slide 42
  • President Bush addresses a joint session of Congress on September 20, 2001
  • Slide 43
  • President George W. Bush Weapons of mass destruction 2 nd Persian Gulf War 8 years of fighting
  • Slide 44
  • President Obama Slowly w/drawing troops Leaving 33,000 troops there for undetermined amount of time Concerned w/ Iran Sworn to protect Israel
  • Slide 45
  • Making the Connection How old were you when 09/11 happened? How has 09/11 directly affected you?
  • Slide 46
  • Slide 47
  • ISIS http://abcnews.go.com/WN/fullpage/isis- trail-terror-isis-threat-us-25053190http://abcnews.go.com/WN/fullpage/isis- trail-terror-isis-threat-us-25053190

Recommended

View more >