the middle ages gothic chartres cathedral, chartres, france, 12th

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  • FRENCH ARTBrief survey

    Many thanks to Dr. P. Schrock for her input.

    Copyright, 2011 Dr. Th. Saint Paul Lay out: Elizabeth Logsdon

    Murray State University

  • Art and Societyreflect each other

    Classified by broad sweeping changes from era to era

    Detail from Bourges Cathedral:Battle of Roncevaux/ Song of Roland (800 -9th c)

  • The Middle AgesRomanesque (9/10thc-12thc)Vezelay, Autun, Bourges, Conques

  • GothicNotre Dame (Paris)gargoyles





    12th C

  • Notre Dame de Paris,Rosace

  • Albi cathedral pillar

  • Cathar Castle (SW FRANCE)--- Arques

  • Fortified City of Carcassonne (SW)

  • The Renaissance (16th c)

    Madonna of the Meadow Raphael(Italian) 1505

    Meaning rebirth in French


    Italian in origin

    Stressed forms of classical antiquity (roman/greek)

    Space based on perspective and everyday details

    Added religious topics

  • The northern Renaissance in Flanders : BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder

    Flemish painter (b. ca.1525, d. 1569, Brussels

    The Fall of Icarus

  • BRUEGEL, Pieter the Elder Children's Games 1559-60

  • LEONARDO da Vinci (b. 1452, Vinci, d. 1519, Cloux, near Amboise, France)Mona Lisa (La Gioconda)c. 1503-5

  • Renaissance architecture : the Palace of Fontainebleau

  • Classical mythology Italian artists, who worked for Francois I from 1530 to 1560. The first School of Fontainebleau introduced Mannerism to France.

    Diana Huntress1550-60

    Gabrielle d'Estres and one of her Sisters c. 1595

  • Jean Goujon the greatest 16th-century French sculptor.

    the Fontaine des Innocents, 1548Goujon rejected the Mannerism of the Fontainebleau school revival of the classical purity of later 5th century Greek art.

    Nymph1548-49MarbleMuse du Louvre, Paris

  • 17th century: Baroque (classicism)

    Violent movementStrong emotion and dramatic lighting and colorsExamples: N. Poussin, Georges Latour, Louis Le Nain, Hyacinthe Rigaud (Louis XIV)


  • Nicholas Poussin: Et in Arcadia Ego'1637-39-Muse du Louvre, Paris



  • The Holy Family on the Steps - Poussin 1648Inspiration from the Greeks and the Romans

  • Georges La Tour (1640s) The New Born

    Influenced by Italian painter of light and darkness, Caravaggio

  • 18th century: Rococo

    Originated in FranceHighly decorated formsIn reaction to the massiveness of the BaroqueExamples:

    Jean Antoine Watteau,

    Jean-Honor FRAGONARD.

    Happy Accidents of the Swing Fragonard 1767

  • 18th century:

    Neoclassicism:The Oath of the Horatii J-L David 1784

  • Neoclassical painting

    Late 18th to early 19th centuriesRevived order and harmony of ancient Roman and Greek artExamples: Jacques Louis David

  • Romanticism

    Late 18th to mid 19th centuriesUtilized drama and bright colorsReaction to NeoclassicismExamples: Eugene Delacroix and Theodore Gericault

    Delacroix: Liberty Leading the People , 1830

  • 19th CenturyDelacroix: The Death of Sardanapalus 1827

  • 19thc Realism: Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849

  • Impressionism

    Late 19th century Focused on transitory, visual impressionsOften painted directly from natureEmphasis on changing effects of light and colorExamples: Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, and Auguste RenoirSalon of the refusedartists (1874, Paris)

  • Edouard Manet

    Dejeuner sur lherbe & Olympia 1863

  • Monet Renoir

    Villa by the Seaside,1874- Berthe Morisot

    Le Moulin de la Galette 1876


  • Pointillism

    1880sDeveloped by Seurat and SignacDots that were to mix in the eyes of its viewersAlso called divisionism or neoimpressionism

    La Grande Jatte, Seurat,


  • Post Impressionism

    Turn of the century Reaction against ImpressionismExamples: Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin

    The Basket of Apples , Czanne 1895

  • Van Gogh

  • Art Nouveau


    posters for the theater

    Example: Henri de Toulouse Lautrec

    A Mucha

    ( Sarah Bernhardt )

  • Sculpture Auguste Rodin The Thinker/Le Penseur [1881) Louvre

    Camille Claudel, LAge mur

    (1899-1913) Muse d'Orsay

  • Frdric-Auguste BartholdiFrench Sculptor, 1834-1904The Statue of Liberty

    Gustave Eiffel The Eiffel Tower (1889)

  • Victor Horta, architect Belgian, 1861 1947Interior of the Tassel House, 1893

    Subway in Paris by Guimard

  • Avant-Garde until World War II FauvismCubismAbstract ART


    Post-modernism (After WWII)

    Pop ArtOp ArtPerformance ArtNeo-ExpressionismEnvironmental Art

    20th century (1900-1950)The School of Paris, Modernism: abstraction and color

  • Henri MATISSE


    Liberation of Color, re-interpretation of reality

    Red Interior on Blue Table (1947)

    Woman with the Hat (1905)

  • Henri Rousseau: nave art

  • Cubism ( leader Picasso:

    geometrical forms, interpretation of space)

    Houses at LEstaque Georges Braque (1908)

  • DADA Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)

    Ready-made, scandalous art

  • Surrealism

    1920s and 1930sTries to explore the subconcious pictoriallyExample: Ren Magritte (Belgian)

    The Treachery of Images -Magritte 1928

  • Paul Delvaux (Belgian)


    The Village of the Mermaids, 1942

    Pygmalion, 1939

  • Postmodernism (Post World War II)Jean HelionNature morte aux pains et salueurs, 1946 Le second Royaume (1983)

  • Vasarely (1906-1997)Op Art

  • Contemporary art.

    Jean Tinguely Homage to Stravinsky, Paris 1980

  • Nikki de St Phalle

    1961, New Realists

    Nanas, 1974

    Christo (wrappings) 1985

  • Modern ArchitecturePompidou Center (1971-77) PEI (architect) (The Louvre glass pyramid)




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