the lancet 100 years ago
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Anthropological CongressThe second International Congress for Anthropological
and Ethnological Sciences will be held at Copenhagenfrom August lst to 6th. Further information may behad from Dr. Kaj Birket-Smith at the University of
Copenhagen.Egyptian DecorationThe King has given Mr. Cecil P. G. Wakeley permission
to wear the insignia of commander of the Order of theNile, which has been conferred upon him by the Kingof Egypt.Welsh Board of Health
Dr. T. W. Wade, the medical member of the board,presided over a dinner held in Cardiff on July lst incelebration of the knighthood conferred on Mr. JohnRowland, the chairman. In replying to the toast of hishealth, Mr. Rowland said that he wanted to make theboard a living force in the life of Wales and to consolidateWales as an entity in the United Kingdom.Questionnaire on the Nursing ProfessionThe Inter-Departmental Committee on Nursing Services
is issuing a questionnaire to all hospitals in the countrywith the object of ascertaining statistics on such mattersas the hours nurses have to work, the salaries they receive,and the length of their annual holidays. Other matterswhich are dealt with in the questionnaire are the numbersof nurses of the various grades employed by each hospital,the arrangements which are in operation for the trainingof probationers, and the reasons which cause so manyprobationers to leave the nursing profession during theirfirst years in the service.
Lectures on Retarded ChildrenA course of lectures and clinical instruction for medical
practitioners on problems connected with retarded anddifficult children has been arranged by the University ofLondon Extension and Tutorial Classes Council in coöpera-tion with the Central Association for Mental Welfare.The lectures will be held from Nov. 7th to 12th at theSenate House, W.C., and the speakers will include Mr.Cyril Burt, D.Sc., Miss Lucy Fildes, Ph.D., Dr. WilliamMoodie, and Dr. A. F. Tredgold. Further information
may be had from Miss Evelyn Fox, c/o University Exten-sion Department, University of London, the SenateHouse, W.C.I.Manchester Royal InfirmaryThe board of governors of this hospital has launched an
appeal for £200,000. The deficit on the last six years’working is over jE108,000 and the reserve fund is now
only about £13,000. The governors are already committedto complete the orthopaedic department and to makeadditions to plant costing nearly jE20,000. The depart-ment of neurology is urgently in need of funds. Therehas also been an increase of £35,000 in annual expendituresince 1930, while the annual income has only increasedby £8000. Manchester Royal Infirmary was founded186 years ago and is one of the largest teaching hospitalsin the country, treating over 12,000 in-patients and over57,000 out-patients last year.
THE LANCET 100 YEARS AGO
July 7th, 1838, pp. 524 and .528.THE Caesarean operation, as our readers well know, is
seldom or never had recourse to in this country ; inFrance the examples, though somewhat more numerous,are still excessively rare ; while in Germany the operationis not only frequently performed, but attended with aremarkable degree of success.
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A STUDENT at the Westminster Hospital complains thatthe governors of that institution, notwithstanding thelarge sums paid by the pupils for admission within itswalls, peremptorily refused the students permission towitness the procession at the coronation, from any partof the building, even from the roof.... The fact stands indisagreeable contrast with the liberality of the governorsof St. George’s Hospital, into which building the studentswere directed to be freely admitted on the occasion.
Medical DiaryJuly Ilth to July 17th
SOCIETIESPADDINGTON MEDICAL SOCIETY.TUESDAY.-9 P.M. (Paddington Town Hall, Paddington
Green, W.), Dr. N. W. Hammer, Dr. J. Nairn Dobbie, andMr. E. W. Thorn Bannister : The Place of the MedicalPractitioner in Air-raid Precautions Schemes.
WEST LONDON MEDICO-CHIRURGICAL SOCIETY.FRIDAY.-5 P.M. (West London Hospital, W.), annual general
LECTURES, ADDRESSES, DEMONSTRATIONS, &c.ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, Lincoln’s Inn-fields,
W.C.FRIDAY.—5 P.M., Prof. Frank Mann (Mayo Foundation):The Mechanism of Peptic Ulceration with a Review of theResults of Experimental Investigations.
VICTOR HORSLEY LECTURE.TUESDAY.-5 P.M. (University College Hospital medical
school), Dr. Gordon Holmes, F.R.S. : The Cerebral Integra-tion of the Ocular Movements.
ROYAL SANITARY INSTITUTE.MONDAY to SATURDAY.-Health Congress at Portsmouth.
BRITISH POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL SCHOOL, Ducane-road, W.
TUESDAY.-4.30 P.M., Dr. M. Mitman : Modern Methods inDiagnosis and Treatment of (a) Whooping-cough, (b)Enteritis and Dysentery, (c) Cerebro-spinal Fever, (d) AcutePoliomyelitis.
WEDNESDAY.-Noon, clinical and pathological conference(medical). 3 P.M., clinical and pathological conference(surgical).
THURSDAY.-2.15 P.M., Dr. Duncan White : radiologicaldemonstration. ’
FRIDAY.-2 P.m., clinical and pathological conference(obstetrics and gynaecology).
Daily, 10 A.M. to 4 P.M., medical clinics, surgical clinics andoperations, obstetrical and gynaecological clinics andoperations.
HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN, Great Ormond-street,W.C.
THURSDAY.-2 P.M., Dr. Wilfrid Sheldon : The Pneumoniasof Childhood. 3 P.M., Dr. D. B. Bradshaw: TuberculinTesting.
Out-patient clinics daily at 10 A.M. and ward visits at 2 P.M.ST. GEORGE’S HOSPITAL, S.W.MONDAY.-5 P.M., Sir Frederick Hobday: Comparative
Medicine.THURSDAY.-5 P.M., Dr. Desmond Curran : psychiatric
FELLOWSHIP OF MEDICINE AND POST-GRADUATEMEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 1, Wimpole-street, W.
MONDAY to SUNDAY.-ALL SAINTS’ HOSPITAL, Austral-street, S.E., afternoon course in urology.-HOSPITAL FORDISEASES OF THE SKIN, Blackfriars-road, S.E., afternooncourse in dermatology.—LONDON CHEST HOSPITAL, VictoriaPark, E., Sat. and Sun. course in diseases of the heart andlungs.
SOUTH-WEST LONDON POST-GRADUATE ASSOCIATION.WEDNESDAY.-4 P.M. (St. James’ Hospital, Ouseley-road,
S.W.), Mr. Zachary Cope : demonstration of surgical cases.
AppointmentsANDREW, DOUGLAS, M.B. Brist., Radiologist to the West-
minster Hospital.BOWEN, J. G., M.B.Lond., F.R.C.S. Eng., Surgeon to the
Accident and Surgical Hospital, Barry.CARLETON, ALICE, M.A. Oxon., M.B. N.U.I., Dermatologist
to the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford.EvANS, T. P., M.R.C.S. Eng., Part-time Assistant Tuberculosis
Officer for Southwark.MURPHY, F. D., M.B. N.U.I., F.R.C.S. Eng., Deputy Medical
Superintendent, Grade II, at Fulham Hospital (L.C.C.).OSBORN, MURIEL M., M.R.C.S. Eng., Assistant Medical Officer
of Health for Barking.PEET, E. W., M.B. Durh., F.R.C.S. Eng., Surgical Registrar
to the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the RadclifteInfirmary, Oxford.
RIDDELL, V. H., M.A. Camb., F.R.C.S. Eng., Hon. AssistantSurgeon to the Royal Waterloo Hospital.
Ross, DAVID, M.B., F.R.F.P.S. Glasg., Assistant Physician atthe Royal Mental Hospital, Aberdeen.
SEARLE, W. N., M.B. N.Z., F.R.C.S. Eng., M.C.O.G., Surgeonto the Chelsea Hospital for Women.
TREBLE, H. A., B.M. Oxon., M.R.C.P. Lond., Hon. Physician tothe Kent and Canterbury Hospital.
Certifying Surgeons under the Factory and Workshop Acts :Dr. H. BROADBENT (Bridlington. District, York, E.R.) ;Dr. J. D. ROBERTSON (Barnoldswick, York, W.R.) ; Dr.R. F. WINCKwORTA (Taunton, Somerset) ; Dr. C. R.MCCLURE (Hampstead, London). ).