the interstate air pollution surveillance program effects network
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The Interstate Air Pollution Surveillance ProgramEffects NetworkGeorge A. Jutze a , Robert L. Harris JR. a , Maurice Georgevich a & Robert A. Taft ba Field Investigations Section, Abatement Branch , Division of Air Pollutionb U. S. Public Health Service, U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare ,Sanitary Engineering Center , Cincinnati , Ohio , USAPublished online: 16 Mar 2012.
To cite this article: George A. Jutze , Robert L. Harris JR. , Maurice Georgevich & Robert A. Taft (1967) The InterstateAir Pollution Surveillance Program Effects Network, Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 17:5, 291-293, DOI:10.1080/00022470.1967.10468980
To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1967.10468980
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GEORGE A. JUTZE,ROBERT L. HARRIS, JR.,
and MAURICE GEORGEVICH
Field Investigations Section,Abatement Branch,
Division of Air Pollution,Robert A. Taft
Sanitary Engineering Center,Cincinnati, Ohio,
U. S. Public Health Service,U. S. Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare
The Interstate Air PollutionSurveillance Program Effects Network
A program has been designed to meet a nationwide intelligence-gathering responsibility to obtain generaland relative information on current and potential air pollution in areas where interstate transport of pollu-tion may reasonably be expected to exist. This paper describes the field devices utilized in the program.By means of these static "effects packages," data will be accumulated on: dustfall, particulate impinge-ment, sulfation, corrosion, and tarnishing of metals, and deterioration of textiles, dyes, and rubber. Dataaccumulated during the "pilot phase" of the program will be discussed.
ursuant to administration ofthe Clean Air Act by the Department ofHealth, Education, and Welfare theAbatement Branch, Division of AirPollution, U. S. Public Health Servicehas responsibility for obtaining informa-tion on air pollution problems in allareas where interstate movement of pol-lutants may reasonably be expected tooccur.
Comprehensive intelligence such asdetailed air quality and meteorologicalinformation for all interstate areas in theU. S. cannot be gathered within the nextfew years with the resources presentlyavailable or projected for the AbatementBranch. This does not, however, re-lieve the Branch, through the Field In-vestigations Section, of its responsibilityfor and interest in obtaining general in-formation on current and potential airpollution problems in interstate areas.
A realistic estimate of general area-wide air quality requires measurement ofa variety of parameters. Such measure-ments could entail diversity of tech-niques coupled with various levels ofequipment sophistication, therefore, theresulting "package" of cost and man-power requirements is also variable.
The Field Investigations Section, inundertaking a nationwide program togather information on types of air pollu-tants and their effects on specific mate-rials in interstate areas, is using as itsmajor field device an "effects package."The effects package is a static unit whichrequires no power and relatively infre-quent servicing. By means of theseunits, data are being accumulated on:(1) dustfall, (2) identification of im-pinged particulate materials, (3) sulfa-tion, (4) corrosion, and (5) tarnishing of
metals, (6) deterioration of textiles, dyes,and (7) rubber. In certain areas, or asintelligence is accumulated, additionalmaterials may be exposed and other airsampling means may be added. Fromsuch data, information can be developedon the presence or absence of varioustypes of pollutants. In addition to thegathering of "effects package" data,assessment of air pollution effects onvegetation will be undertaken whereappropriate.
The program is designed to help meeta national intelligence-gathering respon-sibility with limited resources. By useof volunteer personnel for weekly on-siteservicing of effects packages; centraloffice responsibility for supply, analyti-cal, and statistical services; and occa-sional field visits by staff specialists, asubstantial amount of pertinent infor-mation will be developed at a modestcost.
It is planned that the major effort ofthe Field Investigations Section, will bedevoted to intensive field surveys, eitherin supporting formal abatement actionsor in obtaining data necessary for com-petent evaluation of specific areas, sothat the Secretary, Department ofHealth, Education, and Welfare, canfactually judge whether or not federalabatement procedures are needed. Thenationwide effects studies, even thoughqualitative or semiquantitative at best,may prove to be of importance equal tothe intensive field studies. The effectsstudies will indicate where air pollutionproblems do exist, allow for a national"ranking" of problems (an increase ordecrease in rank could prove as signifi-cant as rank position), and indicateprogress with time. In fact, the demon-
stration of effects of air pollutants in aninterstate area could be a decisive factorin an abatement action.
As previously indicated, this programis being established on a nationwidebasis. Approximately 200 stations inapproximately 75 interstate populationcenters in the United States will be oper-ational in 1968. At least one, and asmany as nine, stations will be located ineach state. In every known interstatearea of potential pollution, stations willbe installed. Size and complexity of thearea will determine where and how manystations will be employed. Whereasmany other types of air monitoring sta-tions are purposely located so as to ob-tain data representative of "average"stations are purposely located so as toobtain data representative of "average"conditions. "Effects Network" sta-tions are to be located in highly pollutedor other special-interest areas as well.
At this time, it is difficult to state howlong a station will be located at a fixedsite. Most certainly we will have tosample for at least three years to es-tablish a sufficient body of data to havecon fidence in the pollution trend exhib-ited. This does not, however, meanthat abatement action in an area undersurveillance would be delayed for threeyears, nor that the data gathered wouldnot be useful in such action. Several ofthe techniques to be used, however, arerelatively unexplored and require devel-opment work bordering on research.Some time will be needed to accumulatesufficient data to evaluate the methods.It is possible that observation of effects
May 1967 / Volume 17, No. 5 291
Fig. 1. Components.
Fig. 2. Sampler.
Table IComponents of Sampler
will prove to be the most efficientmethod for long-term surveillance of anarea following an abatement action.
Table I summarizes the pertinent in-formation concerning components of theunits currently utilized in the program.These components are shown in Fig. 1.The sampler is pictured in Fig. 2.Establishing a sampling station and pro-viding component supplies for a full yearof operation, exclusive of analyticallaboratory services and transportation,costs about 1200. We estimate that astaff consisting of the program coordi-nator, a junior engineer or scientist, fivetechnicians (chemical, statistical, andengineering), and one man-year of pro-fessional (meteorological, statistical, andchemical) consultative service will be re-quired to support a nationwide networkof 200 stations.
At the present time, implementationof the program has been accomplishedaccording to the following procedure:
1. Detailed information packagespertaining to the air pollution characterof every interstate s