the imperfect tense. imperfect tense endings â€œ-arâ€ verbs -aba...
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The Imperfect Tense
Imperfect Tense Endings-AR VERBS -aba-abas-aba-bamos-abais-aban
hablar to speak hablabahablabanhablabaishablbamoshablabashablaba
Imperfect Tense Endings-ER/-IR VERBS -a-as-a-amos-ais-an
comer to eat comacomancomaiscomamoscomascoma
jugar to play (no stem changes!)jugabajugabanjugabaisjugbamosjugabasjugaba
vivir to live vivavivanvivaisvivamosvivasviva
ir - to go ibaibanibaisbamosibasiba
ser to be eraeraneraisramoserasera
ver to see veaveanveaisveamosveasvea
What are the uses of the Imperfect Tense?1) To describe an event in the past that USED TO occur. This could have happened regularly, frequently, from time to time, now and again Implies it happened more than once.Example: Siempre iba a la casa de mis abuelos. I always used to go to my grand-parents house.
Expressions Used to Help Identify the Imperfect Tensea menudo oftennormalmente - normallysiempre - alwayscada da every daytodos los das- every daycon frecuencia frequentlyfrecuentemente - frequently
Expressions Used to Help Identify the Imperfect Tensecon regularidad - regularlymuchas veces many timesa veces - sometimesde vez en cuando once in a whileuna vez a la semana once a weekuna vez al da once a dayuna vez al ao once a year
Expressions Used to Help Identify the Imperfect Tensede nio/aen mi niezcuando era nio/a
Uses of the Imperfect Tense2)To indicate actions that WERE GOING ON at the time about which you are speaking. Ongoing actions -ingExample: Mientras hablaba, ellos jugaban al ftbol. While I was talking, they were playing soccer.
Uses of the Imperfect Tense3) To DESCRIBE the way people that you are remembering looked or were.Description / Personality Example: Mi abuela era baja y simptica. My grandmother was short and nice.
Uses of the Imperfect Tense4) To express HOW OLD SOMEONE WAS IN THE PAST: AGEExample: Mi abuelo tena 60 aos cuando yo nac. My grandfather was 60 years old when I was born.
Uses of the Imperfect Tense5) To express past states of HEALTH/Feelings.Example: Mi abuela estaba enferma. My grandmother was sick. Me senta nerviosa
Uses of the Imperfect Tense6) To set the BACKGROUND of a story. (DESCRIPTION)Eran las ocho. (TIME)It was 8. Llova mucho. (WEATHER)It was raining.Estbamos en casa. (LOCATION)We were at home.
Uses of the Imperfect Tense7) To express ATTITUDES and BELIEFS that were held at that time in the past. Mental Activity thought processesExample: Yo crea que ella era delgada. I thought she was thin.
Common Verbs of this Nature:querer to wantdesear to desirepreferir - to preferpoder to be able tosentir to be sorry , regretpensar to thinksaber to knowcreer- to think, beleive
How do I conjugate in the Imperfect Tense?You drop the ENDING and add a given set of endings to the STEM. Are there stem changes?NO!Are there spelling changes?NO!
How do I conjugate in the Imperfect Tense?Are there irregulars? YES Butthere are only THREE !IR , SER and VERGUSTAR: Only two forms- gustaba / gustabanMe gustaba bailar. Te gustaban las muecas?
How do I conjugate in the Imperfect Tense?To say there was / there were (hay in the present tense) : habaExample: Haba muchas personas en la escuela. There were a lot of people at school.