The Holocaust Guided Notes - ?· The Holocaust Guided Notes Chapter 18, Section 3 Anti‐Semitism Mid‐…

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<ul><li><p>TheHolocaustGuidedNotesChapter18,Section3</p><p>AntiSemitism</p><p>Mid1800s</p><p> ClaimsthatGermanicpeoplewere___________________andweresuperiortoMiddleEasternpeoplecalledSemites(Jews).</p><p> AntiSemitismtermtodescribe___________________,oftenviolent,directedatJews.</p><p> SufferingcausedinWWIandhardshipsoftheGreat___________________ledmanytolookforascapegoat.</p><p> Ex.___________________</p><p>PersecutioninGermany</p><p> 1933,HitlermadeantiSemitismthe___________________policyofthenation.</p><p> ___________________NaziGermanyssystematicmurderofEuropeanJews.</p><p> 6millionJews,whichwas___________________oftheJewsinEurope,weremurdered.</p><p> ___________________millionothersalsomurdered.</p><p>EarlyPersecution</p><p> ExcludedGermanysJewsfromallaspectsof___________________,___________________andeconomiclife.</p><p> 1933Nazisorderedaoneday___________________ofJewishownedbusinesses.</p><p> 1935NuremberglawsstrippedJewsoftheirGermancitizenship___________________andoutlawedmarriagesbetweenJewsandnonJews.</p><p> 1938NewPoliciesNazisforcedJewsto___________________theirbusinesses.</p><p>JewishDefinition</p><p> Jewwasdefinedashaving34Jewishgrandparents,regardlessof___________________religion.</p><p> PracticingtheJewishReligionwith2Jewishgrandparents.</p><p> Nazismarked___________________cardswitharedletter___________________</p><p> Givennewmiddlenames.</p><p> ___________________forwomen.</p><p> ___________________formen.</p><p> Forcedtosew___________________starsmarkedJewontheirclothing.</p><p> Publicattacksandpoliceharassment.</p></li><li><p>Kristallnacht</p><p> Evenwiththepersecution,mostJewsthoughttheycould___________________.</p><p> Nov9,1938NazisinAustriaandGermany___________________anddestroyedJewish___________________,housesandsynagogues.</p><p> ___________________NightoftheBrokenGlassareferencetothebrokenwindowsoftheJewishshops.</p><p> ThousandsofJewswerearrestedthatnightandsentto___________________campsANDwerefinedtofixwhathadbeendamaged.</p><p> GermanysremainingJewsstartedsearchingforany___________________outpossible.</p><p>HitlersPolice</p><p> ___________________Germanyssecretstatepolice.</p><p> SS,Schutzstaffel,aneliteguardthatdevelopedintothe___________________armyoftheNaziparty.</p><p> SSdutiesincluded___________________.</p><p> Concentrationcampsplaceswherepoliticalprisonersare___________________,underharshconditions.</p><p> Communistsandother___________________mainlyJews.</p><p> ___________________,JehovahsWitnesses,___________________andthehomeless.</p><p>RefugeesSeekanEscape</p><p> 19331937,1inevery___________________(130,000)JewsfledGermany.</p><p> ___________________byNazis.</p><p> Refugeeswerentwelcomeinmanycountriesbecauseofthe___________________andlackofworkforcitizens.</p><p> ___________________ConferenceHeldinFrancein1938,butfailedtodealwiththesituationoffindingaplaceforJewishRefugees.</p><p>FromMurdertoGenocide</p><p> AsGermanyexpanded,JewswhohadescapedwerebackunderGermanhands.</p><p> PolandCaptured___________________additionalJewsunderGermanyagain.</p><p> Plan:establishedghettosselfcontainedareas,usuallysurroundedbyafence,wall,orarmedguards.</p><p> Jewswereforcedintothese___________________bySS.</p><p>WarsawGhetto</p><p> 400,000roundedup(___________________%)ofWarsawspopulationandputtheminanareathatwas___________________%oftheentirecityofWarsaw.</p><p> Roughlivingconditions.</p><p> Hunger,___________________andlackofsanitationcausingdisease.</p><p> Not___________________enoughforNazis.</p></li><li><p>TheEinsatzgruppen</p><p> Union,HitlerhadtheEinsatzgruppenshoot___________________politicalleadersandJewsinGermanyoccupiedterritory.</p><p> ___________________mobilekillingsquadsroundedupvictimsandmadethemstandingulliesordugoutpitsandshotthem.</p><p> BabiYaroutsideofKievNaziskilledmorethan33,00Jewsin2daysduringinvasionoftheSoviet.</p><p>FinalSolution</p><p> ___________________ConferencecalledbyHitlertofindaFinalsolutiontotheJewishquestion.</p><p> ConstructionofspecialcampsinPolandandultimatelytheJewish___________________.</p><p>TheDeathCamps</p><p> Chosepoisongasasthemosteffectivewaytokillpeople.</p><p> ___________________B.</p><p> Othersdiedfromtortureandfromcruel___________________experiments.</p><p> Designed6campsinPolandtohavegaschambersdisguisedas___________________rooms.</p><p>Ex.Auschwitz.</p><p> existedprimarilyformassmurder.</p><p> Whereastheconcentrationcampshadfunctionedas___________________andforforcedlabor.</p><p> Thosechosentolivelivedin___________________conditionslivedonlyafewmonths.</p><p> Forcedtocarrythedeadtothe___________________tobeburned</p><p> Allhadheads___________________andhadregistrationnumberstattooedontheirarms.</p><p>FightingBack</p><p> SomeJewsdid___________________.</p><p> Aug1943riotingJewsdamaged___________________deathcampandithadtobeclosed.</p><p> CrushedbyNazisbutwordhadgottenbacktotheWarsawghetto.</p><p> RoseupagainstthelastdeportationtoTreblinkawithhomemadebombsandpistols.</p><p> AlsocrushedbyNazis.</p><p>RescueandLiberation</p><p> ___________________knewaboutmassmurderasearlyasNov1942,buthadlittleinterestinhelping.</p><p> WarRefugeeBoard(WRB):totryandhelppeoplethreatenedbytheNazis(Roosevelt).</p><p> WRBdidsave___________________lives.</p><p> U.S.stillwasnt___________________toletmoreJewsintothecountryyetwiththeprogram.</p></li><li><p> Alliesgotcloser,butNazisforcedprisonersbackonto___________________soil.</p><p> Closetobeingsaved,butthousandsdiedonthe___________________marchesfromcamptocamp.</p><p> 1945,U.S.soldiersstartedtocomeacrossthe___________________oftheHolocaust.</p><p>NurembergTrials</p><p> AlliesplacedanumberofformerNazileadersontrial.</p><p> Chargedwithcrimesagainst___________________,___________________andwarcrimes.</p><p> Mostsignificantpartoftrialswasthatindividualsmustbe___________________fortheirownactions,theargumentthattheywereonly___________________wasrejected.</p></li></ul>