the holocaust describe the holocaust and explain its historical significance
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The HolocaustDescribe the Holocaust and explain its historical significanceSegregationSeparation of the racesJews were separated from other Europeans by the ideals and philosophies of Adolf Hitler
Systematic attempt to rid Europe of JewsThe Holocaust is a state-sponsored murder of six million Jews by the Nazis in Europe during WWIIThe Final Solution to a perfect Germany"Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. During the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority: Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups who were persecuted: Communists, Socialists, Jehovahs Witnesses, and homosexuals.
Aryan SupremacyThe belief that the Aryan race (Caucasian, Blonde-hair, blue-eyed Northern Europeans) are better than other races
Anti-Semitismprejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their religion or heritage
This newspapers caption reads "Where one is ruled by the Jews, freedom is only an empty dream." The Nazis claimed that Jewish people were all a part of an international conspiracy to rule the planet. Boycott of Jewish StoresNazi controlled Germany shut down Jewish owned businesses
GhettosRacially segregated areas with poor living conditionsJewish citizens in Germany were arrested by the SS, forced to leave behind all of their property, and taken to central locations in major cities to the East, frequently in Poland. Jewish citizens were forced to live in cramped conditions without resources for basic needs and without medical care. Many were brutalized by Nazi guards and mistreated throughout this period but things would get horribly worse.
GenocideKilling of all or part of a racial, ethnic or religious group
The Nazi propaganda film The Eternal Jew, purporting to be a documentary, was given its public premiere on 28th November 1940. It was all part of the continuing process of de-sensitizing the general population to the growing persecution of the Jews. The message was presented very crudely, as can be imagined from the poster. Notoriously the film juxtaposed footage of rats with scenes of Jewish life.Concentration CampsA place where people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditionsOnce the war began in earnest, extermination camps were opened and the systematic murder of non-Aryan people began. People were forced into railroad boxcars and sent to the camps.
Forced LaborJews who were taken to concentration camps were forced to work
Death CampsThose who could not work were sent to death camps
AuschwitzGerman Nazi concentration and death camp
Liberation of Camps by the AlliesThe Soviet (and then US) discovery of the campsFreedom for the survivors In total, 6 million Jews (plus 7 million others) were killed
First, They Came For . . . By Martin NiemollerFirst they came for the communists, and I did not speak out because I was not a communist;
Then they came for the incurably sick, and I did not speak out because I was not sick;
Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist;
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew;
Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak out for me.