The Holocaust Chapter 18, section 3

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The Holocaust Chapter 18, section 3. 1933 - Hitler Comes to Power. Hitler makes anti-Semitism the official policy of the Nazi State Constant attacks on the Jewish Image from mass media Jewish children were expelled from school - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The Holocaust Chapter 18, section 3

  • 1933 - Hitler Comes to PowerHitler makes anti-Semitism the official policy of the Nazi StateConstant attacks on the Jewish Image from mass mediaJewish children were expelled from schoolJews were forced to sell their business to Aryans at extremely low prices

  • Boycotts of Jewish owned business"Attention Germans. These Jews (five and dime) stores are the parasites and gravediggers of German craftsmen. They pay starvation wages to German workers. The chief owner is the Jew, Nathan Schmidt.

  • Forced to wear badges identifying them as being Jewish

    Opens people up to attacks from Brown shirts, Police, SS

  • 1935 - Nuremburg LawsDefines JewishnessNon-practicing Jew + 3 or more Jewish Grandparents = JewPracticing Jew + 2 or more Jewish Grandparents = JewStrips Jews of German citizenship

  • Outlaws marriages between Jews and Non-Jews

  • 1938 KristallnachtThe Night of the Broken GlassMass looting and destruction of Jewish business and Synagogues

  • Thousands of Jews were arrestedConvinced many Jews that they could not outlast the NazisHundreds of thousands of German Jews began to seek refuge outside of Germany

  • 1938 - Evian Conference32 countries convened to discuss opening their borders to Jewish refugees. Only the Dominican Republic did

  • 1939 - Warsaw Ghetto400k Polish Jews were rounded up and confined to a small part of the city of Warsaw.

    Disease and Starvation ran rampant.

    Most would later be deported to Death Camps

  • Operation Barbarossa: the Invasion of the USSR

  • Nazis at first encouraged native non-Jewish or communist Russians (which wasnt many people) to kill their Jews on their own blaming them for Stalins evil practices.This led to early slaughters of Jews.The killing was not enough for Hitler.

  • 1941 - EinsatzgruppenMobile killing squads patrolled Nazi occupied Russia killing Jews

  • 33,000 in two days at Babi Yar

  • Einsatzgruppen troops began having mental breakdowns because of all the killing.This is some of the first evidence that Nazi beliefs of super-humans thoughtlessly disposing of sub-humans is unrealistic.A more efficient way of disposing the Jews was needed.

  • 1942 - Wannasee ConferenceNazi leaders came together to discuss the Jewish ProblemThe Final Solution Death camps would be constructed to exterminate all European JewsAlso Gypsies, the homeless, Jehovahs Witnesses, homosexuals, intellectuals, and dissidents

  • Different CampsDifferent CampsLabor Camps workers were slowly starved to death while working for the NaziDeath Camps (Concentration Camps) People were sent to death camps for the exterminationPOW Camps Russian POWs were worked to death in labor camps

  • Concentration Camps

  • Most prisoners were killed immediately on arrival in gas chambers

  • The healthiest would be left alive to carry the bodies to the crematoriumsMost of these people did within of starvation or disease within months of arrival

  • Jewish ResistanceA few prisoners escaped to alert Jews in concentration camps of the Nazis plan to deport them to Treblinka

    Warsaw uprising Nazis lost control of the Warsaw Ghetto for nearly a month

  • United States RoleUS knew about the ongoing Holocaust as early as 1942Press gave little coverage to the storyRoosevelt form the War Refugee Board in 1944Saves 200k Jews

  • 1944 1945 LiberationAs Allied troops advanced through Germany, they discovered the Nazi atrocities and liberated camps

  • November 1945 - Nuremburg TrialsThis was the first ever international court to prosecute crimes against humanity.All allies were represented.The Soviet judge and prosecutor was the toughest on ex-Nazis.The American lawyer was Robert Jackson.The constant statements of We were just following orders or We didnt know we not accepted by the international court.12 Nazi leaders were executed

    The biggest result to come out of this trial was that individuals were responsible for their own actions governments could not take the blame.

  • Final Toll of the Holocaust5 to 6 million Jews1.8 1.9 million Christian Poles 200,000800,000 Roma & Sinti (Gypsies) 200,000300,000 people with disabilities 80,000-200,000 Freemasons 100,000 Communists10,00025,000 homosexual men 2,5005,000 Jehovahs Witnesses

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