The Holocaust Beginning of Hate. Roots of Anti- Semitism Discrimination of the Jewish people stems back to biblical times Egyptians used the Jews as slaves.

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The Holocaust Beginning of Hate Slide 2 Roots of Anti- Semitism Discrimination of the Jewish people stems back to biblical times Egyptians used the Jews as slaves Jews blamed during the Middle Ages for the plague Jewish community has been fighting over the territory of Israel since biblical times Slide 3 Inside the Jewish Culture Jewish culture focuses on education as the most important Jewish culture focuses on being frugal and not buying items outside your needs Jewish culture shows a high respect for elders Jewish women are never to show their hair or large parts of their skin to anyone other than their husband. Jewish religion speaks of returning to their homeland, Israel Slide 4 Hitlers Target After WWI, many successful business owners were of the Jewish faith Hitler blamed wealthy business men for the corruption in the government and loss of WWI Hitler made the Jewish community into a scapegoat for the country Hitler's first goal was to dehumanize the Jews Slide 5 Slide 6 Symbols of Hate: Swastika Swastika- Nazi symbol to display the Nazi ideology used on the flag, and sewn into every Nazi uniform, used as a display that you support or are a member of the Nazi Party. Became a modern day symbol of hate and anti-Semitism The word "swastika" comes from the Sanskrit svastika - "su" meaning "good," "asti" meaning "to be," and "ka" as a suffix. Until the Nazis used this symbol, the swastika was used by many cultures throughout the past 3,000 years to represent life, sun, power, strength, and good luck. Slide 7 Slide 8 Symbols of Hate: the SS Adolf Hitler founded the Schutzstaffel (SS) in April of 1925, as a group of personal bodyguards.SS The man in charge of the SS was Heinrich Himmler, who commanded the SS from 1929 until 1945.1945 Between 1934 and 1936, the SS gained control of Germany's police forces and expanded their responsibilities. Because of these new responsibilities, the SS divided into two sub-units: the Allgemeine-SS (General SS), and the Waffen-SS (Armed SS). The General SS dealt with local police matters and with "racial matters." The General SS also dealt with foreign espionage and counterintelligence. The Waffen-SS dealt with military matters, ran the concentration camps and were dispersed in the regular army Because of the distasteful nature of their duties, members of the SS were schooled for many years in racial hatred, and were encouraged to harden their hearts to human suffering. Easily recognizable by the lightning-shaped "S" insignia on their black uniforms, they soon became known as the purest of all Germans. Slide 9 Slide 10 Symbols of Hate: Nazi The German Workers' Party, the beginning of the Nazi Party,, consisted of demobilized soldiers from WWI. They were disgruntled and looking for an extreme change in government after the back lash of WWI and the Treaty of Versailles Adolf Hitler joined this small political party in 1919 and rose to leadership through his emotional and captivating speeches. He encouraged national pride, militarism, and a commitment to the Volk and a racially "pure" Germany. Hitler condemned the Jews, exploiting anti-Semitic feelings that had prevailed in Europe for centuries. He changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party, called for short, the Nazi Party (or NSDAP). By the end of 1920, the Nazi Party had about 3,000 members. A year later Hitler became its official leader, or Fhrer. Slide 11 Slide 12 Symbols of Hate: Jewish Star of David The Magen David (shield of David, or as it is more commonly known, the Star of David) is the symbol most commonly associated with Judaism today, but it is actually a relatively new Jewish symbol. It is supposed to represent the shape of King David's shield (or perhaps the emblem on it), but there is really no support for that claim in any early rabbinic literature. In the middle ages, Jews often were required to wear badges to identify themselves as Jews, During the 1930s they were forced to wear similar badges in Nazi Germany and Nazi Occupied territory These Jewish badges were not always the familiar Magen David. For example, a fifteenth century painting by Nuno Goncalves features a rabbi wearing a six-pointed badge that looks more or less like an asterisk. Slide 13 Gestapo the German state secret police during the Nazi regime, organized in 1933 and notorious for its brutal methods and operations. Gring became the commander of this new force on April 26, 1933. Slide 14 Slide 15 Ghetto Confining Jews in ghettos was not Hitler's brainchild. For centuries, Jews had faced persecution, and were often forced to live in designated areas called ghettos. The Nazis' ghettos differed, however, in that they were a preliminary step in the annihilation of the Jews, rather than a method to just isolate them from the rest of society. As the war against the Jews progressed, the ghettos became transition areas, used as collection points for deportation to death camps and concentration camps The five major ghettos were located in Warsaw, Ldz, Krakw, Lublin, and Lvovnd Lvov. Slide 16

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