The Holocaust. Background Info. Goal of Nazi Germany: extermination of all Jews in Europe Out of 8.3 millions Jews, 6 million were killed Other victims

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<ul><li><p>The Holocaust</p></li><li><p>Background Info.Goal of Nazi Germany: extermination of all Jews in EuropeOut of 8.3 millions Jews, 6 million were killedOther victims of Nazi Germany:GypsiesChristians suspected of Jewish ancestryHomosexualsHandicappedAnyone opposing the NazisAnyone considered inferior to the Aryan raceTotal estimated # of people killed: 13-15 million</p></li><li><p>How it beganCenturies of Christian anti-Semitism had already existedHitler became dictator of Germanybegan the war against the JewsEconomic hardships in Germany were blamed on the Jews</p></li><li><p>"What does anti-Semitism have to do with socialism? I would put the question this way: What does the Jew have to do with socialism? Socialism has to do with labor. When did one ever see him working instead of plundering, stealing and living from the sweat of others? As socialists we are opponents of the Jews because we see in the Hebrews the incarnation of capitalism, of the misuse of the nation's goods. - Joseph Goebbelshead of propaganda</p></li><li><p>The New Nazi Religion</p></li><li><p>Initial treatment of the JewsJewish businesses were boycotted and vandalizedFired from jobs in government and universitiesLost citizenship and all rightsKristallnachtNov. 9,10, 1938Nazi attack on Jewish homes, businesses and synagoguesForbidden to intermarry with GermansEvicted from their homes and forced to live in the ghettos</p></li><li><p>Hitler YouthSept. 1933</p></li><li><p>Hitler Youththrowing mock grenades in 1936</p></li><li><p>Hitlerjugend"Youth Serves the Fhrer" </p></li><li><p>None of us who rose to any high rank in the Hitler Youth could say that we had a clear conscience. All of us, perhaps unknowingly, had looked the other way, preferring not to know the truth. Sadly, now, we re the other part of the Holocaust, the generation burdened with the responsibility for Auschwitz. That is our life sentence for having been the enthusiastic followers of Adolf Hitler.</p><p>Alfons Heck, from Parallel Journeys</p></li><li><p>1935: Two Jewish pupils are humiliated at their school and before their classmates. The inscription reads, "The Jew is our greatest enemy! Beware of the Jew!</p></li><li><p>First they came for the Jewsand I did not speak out -because I was not a Jew.Then they came for the communistsand I did not speak out -because I was not a communist. Then they came for the trade unionistsand I did not speak out -because I was not a trade unionist. Then they came for meand there was no one left to speak out for me.</p><p>Martin Niemller wrote after imprisoned at Dachau, a pastor in the German Confessing Church who spent seven years in a concentration camp. </p></li><li><p>Nuremberg Laws</p></li><li><p>Forced to Wear the Star of David on all Clothing</p></li><li><p>KristallnachtNov. 9, 10 1938 (Night of the Broken Glass)</p></li><li><p>Burning Synagogue in Baden-Baden</p></li><li><p>Shattered Storefront</p></li><li><p>The Ghettos</p></li><li><p>Deportation</p></li><li><p>Cattle Wagons</p></li><li><p>The concentration/death campsShipped from the ghettos to camps in cattle wagonsHard physical labor, meager rations, brutality and abuseThe Final Solution (plan to exterminate the Jews)At the camps, the Jews were packed into chambersA gas called Cyclon B was dispersedBodies were burned in a crematory</p></li><li><p>Elie Wiesel at Dachau--1945</p></li><li><p>How do you teach events that defy knowledge, experiences that go beyond imagination? How do you tell children, big and small, that society could lose its mind and start murdering its own soul and its own future?How do you unveil horrors without offering at the same time some measure of hope?Hope in what? In whom? In progress, in science and literature and God?</p><p>~ Elie Wiesel</p></li><li><p>Concentration Camps</p></li><li><p>Auschwitz</p></li><li><p>Work Shall You Make You Freeat Auschwitz</p></li><li><p>Roll Call At Buchenwald--1938</p></li><li><p>Cyclon B</p></li><li><p>Crematory</p></li><li><p>An American officers description of Ohrdruf, the first camp liberated by the Americans</p><p>As we burst into the camp and spread out, I saw in front of me a row of wooden one-story barracks One of my men came for me, Youd better come with me. His voice was serious. I followed him across the yard to a buildingThe windows were all sealed up. Outside eight automobiles, all up on blocks The exhausts were piled in through the wall of that building. We went inside the door. In the room there was human excretion, vomit, urine, blood all over the room. I did not understand. </p></li><li><p>Cont.</p><p>And there were showerheads and faucets, all over the wall. One of my men called out to me. He said: What the hells going on here? There is no water. We entered the back room filled with benches and tables. And on one of the tables there were thousands of gold wedding rings piles of human teeth with gold fillings It was obvious that someone was there counting them. We went outside into the yard. In front of me I could see human hair. There were piles of boots, shoes, suitcases, eyeglasses. To my left were four-wheel hay wagons and two-wheel pushcarts. These wagons contained nude bodies men, women and children, even babies. All nude, all dead, all piled as high as they could basically pile them.</p></li><li><p>The end of WWII Germany was defeated in May of 1945The survivors:Most emigrated to Palestine (now Israel)The State of Israel was established as a Jewish homeland in 1948Others came to the U.S. or any country that would accept them</p></li><li><p>PalestineIsrael Created in 1948</p></li></ul>

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