The highlights of the 175th anniversary of King's College London (2004)

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<ul><li><p>175th anniversary of Kings College London a year of events &amp; celebrations</p><p>The Strand today</p><p>In 1829 Kings College London was founded with the help of some powerful friends. King George IV graciously granted the fledgling college a royal </p><p>charter, in order to help distinguish it from the godless college in Gower Street (later University College London). The Duke of Wellington (then Prime Minister) rose early one morning in March to fight the only duel of his life to defend his role in the Colleges establishment. Seven years later, when the University of London was established, Kings became one of its two founding colleges.</p><p>KIngs and Its hIstory</p><p>KIngs and Its peopLe175 years of research &amp; teaching</p><p>It would be impossible to imagine 21st century life without the advances made by Kings people over the years.</p><p>If this sounds far-fetched, consider our reliance on the following:</p><p>surgery: without Joseph Listers invention of antiseptic surgery, modern aseptic surgical techniques could not have evolved tV, radio, radar, mobile telephones: hard to imagine without James Clerk Maxwells discovery of the nature of electro-magnetic waveselectric supply: John Daniells constant-cell battery was the first reliable source of electricitydna: the discovery of the structure of DNA, in large part due to the work of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkinstelecommunications: Charles Wheatstones development of wireless telegraphy and Edward Appletons discovery of the atmospheric layers which carry radio signals were the key to the development of modern telecomm-unications and the development of radarhealthcare: Florence Nightingales vision for nursing and development of the first professional nurse training laid the foundations for the delivery of modern healthcare</p><p>In addition, Kings people have made a vital contribution to many other areas of modern life: from the development of higher education for all, human rights and international law to contemporary music and literature.</p><p>a leading international universityKings today is a leading international university institution in the heart of London, with over 19,000 students and more than 5,000 staff in ten schools of study. In the course of its history the College has grown and developed through many mergers. In 1983 Kings and its School of Medicine were reunited. In 1985 Kings merged with Chelsea College and with Queen Elizabeth College. In 1997 the College was joined with the Institute of Psychiatry, and in 1998 with the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guys and St Thomass Hospitals (UMDS).</p><p>an education for womenKings was among the first higher education institutions to provide education for women and to offer evening classes, and it was a pioneer of modular degrees. The alumni of Kings and its associated institutions include Nobel Peace Laureate former Archbishop Desmond Tutu; writers such as Anita Brookner, Arthur C Clarke, Thomas Hardy, Susan Hill, Susan Howatch, John Keats, Hanif Kureishi and Somerset Maughan; musicians including John Eliot Gardiner, Ian Shaw and Michael Nyman; scientists such as Rosalind Franklin and James Clerk Maxwell; many distinguished industrialists and politicians.</p><p>Joseph Lister, the father of antiseptic surgery, Professor of Surgery at Kings from 1877 to 1893</p><p>Florence nightingale established the first professional school of nursing at St Thomas Hospital in 1860</p><p>Charles Wheatstone, Professor of Experimental Philosophy at Kings from 1834, was a pioneer of wireless telegraphy</p><p>edward appleton Wheatstone Professor of Physics at Kings from 1924 to 1936, was one of seven scientists from Kings and its associated institutions who have won the Nobel Prize</p><p>John Frederic daniell developed the first reliable source of electricity in 1836</p><p>rosalind Franklin took the famous photo 51 of DNA at Kings in May 1952</p><p>James Clerk Maxwell, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Kings from 1860 to 1865</p><p>emmeline Jean hansen co-discovered how muscles work in 1954, first woman from Kings to become a fellow of the Royal Society</p><p>Maurice Wilkins received the Nobel Prize for his work on the structure of DNA in 1962</p><p>The Strand in 1831</p><p>John Keats Thomas Hardy</p><p>great hall </p><p>strand campus</p><p>thursday 22 January 2004</p><p>Speaker: desmond tutu former Archbishop of Cape Town and Nobel Prize winner</p><p>Theme: Citizenship in post-Conflict society</p><p>One of Kings most distinguished alumni, the Most </p><p>Reverend Desmond Tutu, former Archbishop of Cape </p><p>Town and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace, opened </p><p>the celebrations for the anniversary year with a </p><p>Commemoration Oration. </p><p>The Commemoration Oration celebrates Kings as </p><p>a place of learning, commemorates the vision of its </p><p>founders and benefactors and marks the achievements of </p><p>the Colleges staff and students in the arts and sciences. </p><p>Once an annual celebration at Kings, the tradition of the </p><p>Commemoration Oration was revived in 2004 to mark the </p><p>opening of the Colleges 175th anniversary year. </p><p>Commemoration Oration: a celebratory event</p><p>desMond tutu</p><p>a Christian priest first and foremost, Desmond Tutu is regarded as one of the great civil rights campaigners </p><p>and statesmen for his leadership in the fight against the South African apartheid system.</p><p>An alumnus and Fellow of the College, Tutu says: Kings gave me the opportunity to prove to myself and to the world that ability has nothing to do with such biological insignificances as skin colour. This confidence has stayed with me throughout my life. </p><p>After returning to South Africa, Tutu went on to become Archbishop of Cape Town in 1986. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his work as General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches to end apartheid. </p><p>Tutu retired as Archbishop in 1996 but continued to work in one of his most challenging roles yet, as the Chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where he presided over the traumatic revelation of the secrets of apartheid. </p><p>Tutus the Student Union night-club at Kings is named after him.</p><p>CoMMeMoratIon at KIngs </p><p>the first Commemoration Week at Kings was held in December 1920, and the tradition continued until the 1980s as a celebration of the corporate </p><p>life of the College. In July 1920 the Secretary of the Union Society (later the Students Union) proposed to the Council and Delegacy (the governing bodies of the College) that there should be a week-long programme of events to celebrate the foundation of the College, and the origins of the Week point to a joint undertaking by the College authorities, the students and the Old Students Association to demonstrate the reviving vigour of student life in the aftermath of the First World War. The 1920 Week consisted of a service in Chapel, an oration, a dinner, a dance, a reunion organised by the Old Students Association, a play and a students supper. </p><p>Fruit and vegetable ammunitionFrom 1921 a regular challenge was issued to University College to do battle on the sports field, and this became the occasion for a tradition of inter-college rivalry involving the parading of mascots and the exchange of rotten fruit (Covent Garden, then a fruit and vegetable market, provided ammunition too tempting to be resisted by the Kings warriors). </p><p>oratorsThe first-ever Kings Commemoration (or </p><p>Foundation) Orator, in December 1920, </p><p>was the author and poet g K Chesterton, of Father Brown fame. </p><p>Subsequent speakers have considered </p><p>matters academic and spiritual, philosophical </p><p>and political, national and international. Many </p><p>have been highly distinguished, including: </p><p>C s Lewis authorClement attlee former Prime Minister Viscount Montgomery World War II Generalsir harold Wilson former Prime Ministerhrh the duke of edinburghgilbert Murray first President League of Nations</p><p>andr Maurois authorJulian huxley first Director-General UNESCO</p><p>The College mascot, Reggie the Lion, being carried onto the playing fields in 1935 for the Commemoration Games with University College London.</p><p>Fougasse (Kings alumnus Kenneth Bird) designed the dancing Reggie version for a centenary edition of the Kings College Review</p><p>The Most Reverend Desmond Tutu</p><p>Kings gave me the opportunity to prove to myself and to the world that ability has nothing to do with such biological insignificances as skin colour. this confidence has stayed with me throughout my life</p><p>without forgiveness there is no future, but without confession there can be no forgiveness</p><p>Publication of Anniversary book</p><p>Kings College London: In the service of society by Dr Christine Kenyon Jones traces the story of Kings and its constituent institutions </p><p>through the many distinguished and larger-than-life individuals who have brought the College to prominence in the last 175 years. This heavily-illustrated 150-page book includes a foreword by the Princess Royal and striking pictures showing Kings in the past and as it is now. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of Kings and associated institutions such as the medical and dental schools of Guys and St Thomas Hospitals, Chelsea and Queen Elizabeth Colleges, and the Institute of Psychiatry.</p><p>the authorDr Christine Kenyon Jones is Writer in the Department of External Relations at Kings. She was Director of Public Relations for the College from 1991 to 1999. She completed her PhD at Kings in 1999 and has also taught in the Department of English.</p><p>exhIbItIon</p><p>In the beginning: the early history of Kings College London</p><p>this exhibition explained the early history of Kings College London and set it in its historical London context. The exhibition was </p><p>on display from 11 February to 10 March in the Weston Room, Maughan Library, Chancery Lane for members of the College and their accompanying guests. The exhibition is also captured online at: </p><p>This caricature of 1828 shows the rivalry between the University of London (later University College London) and Kings College London</p><p>Kings College London: In the service of society</p><p>publication date: 10 February 2004</p><p>price per copy: 20 plus postage and packaging</p><p>order a copy</p><p>Kings people who changed the world: talks by authors</p><p>Wednesday 4 February</p><p>Joseph Lister: the father of antiseptic surgerythomas dormandy talked about </p><p>Joseph Lister, who features in </p><p>his book Moments of truth: Four </p><p>Creators of Modern Medicine </p><p>(Chichester: John Wiley, 2003). </p><p>Lister (1827-1912) was Professor </p><p>of Clinical Surgery at Kings from </p><p>1877 to1893. Dormandy records how he recognised the </p><p>cause of hospital sepsis and devised a way to combat it, </p><p>which opened the way to modern surgery. He describes </p><p>Lister as a great Victorian... high-minded, hard-working </p><p>and compassionate but not without human weaknesses.</p><p>Wednesday 11 February</p><p>James Clerk Maxwell: the man who changed everythingbasil Mahon talked about one </p><p>of historys greatest physicists, </p><p>James Clerk Maxwell, who is </p><p>the subject of his biography the </p><p>Man Who Changed everything </p><p>(Chichester: John Wiley, 2003). </p><p>Maxwell completed some of </p><p>his greatest work while he was Professor of Natural </p><p>Philosophy at Kings from 1860 to1865.</p><p>Wednesday 18 February</p><p>rosalind Franklin: the dark lady of dnabrenda Maddox talked about her </p><p>biography of Rosalind Franklin </p><p>whose famous photo 51 of DNA, </p><p>taken at Kings in May 1952, </p><p>provided the key to its double </p><p>helix structure. Franklin died at </p><p>the age of 37 in 1958, four years </p><p>before Maurice Wilkins of Kings, and Francis Crick and </p><p>James Watson of Cambridge, received the Nobel Prize for </p><p>their work on DNA. </p><p>Wednesday 25 February</p><p>Florence nightingale: romance and realityMark bostridges biography of </p><p>Florence Nightingale describes </p><p>how she became a legend in her </p><p>lifetime as the heroine of the </p><p>Crimean War. Today she belongs </p><p>to that select band of historical </p><p>characters who are instantly </p><p>recognisable. But how much does her image as the Lady </p><p>with the Lamp obscure her real achievements, including </p><p>her attempt to professionalise nursing?</p><p>a short series of talks was held by authors who had </p><p>recently written about people from Kings whose </p><p>pioneering work and discoveries have had immense </p><p>influence on our lives today. </p><p>great hall</p><p>strand campus</p><p>tuesday 20 april 2004</p><p>are we citizens of the world?Speakers include:</p><p>Michael Clarke Director, International Policy </p><p>Institute, Kings College London</p><p>sir nicholas young Chief Executive, </p><p>the British Red Cross</p><p>governors hall</p><p>st. thomas hospital</p><p>thursday 13 May 2004</p><p>does the nhs treat its patients as citizens?Speakers include:</p><p>sir Ian Kennedy Shadow Chair, Commission </p><p>for Healthcare Audit and Inspection</p><p>Lord sutherland President, the Royal Society </p><p>of Edinburgh</p><p>great hall</p><p>strand campus</p><p>tuesday 12 october 2004</p><p>are scientists good citizens?Speakers include:</p><p>phil James Chair of the International Obesity </p><p>Task Force</p><p>trevor Jones Deputy Chairman of the Council, </p><p>Kings College London</p><p>great hall</p><p>strand campus</p><p>Wednesday 10 March 2004</p><p>Citizenship in an age of insecuritySpeakers include:</p><p>sir Lawrence Freedman Vice-Principal </p><p>(Research), Kings College London</p><p>Conor gearty Professor of Human Rights </p><p>Law, LSE professor W philip t James Cbe Md dsc FrCp rse chairs the International Obesity Task Force and is Vice </p><p>President of the International Union of Nutritional </p><p>Sciences. He is an advisor to the EU and WHO.</p><p>professor trevor M Jones Cbe FKC is Director General of the Association of the British Pharmaceutical </p><p>Industry, a Visiting Professor at Kings College London </p><p>and Deputy Chairman of the College Council. </p><p>Citizenship: a series of symposia</p><p>Kings is dedicated to the advancement of </p><p>knowledge, learning and understanding in the </p><p>service of society. </p><p>In keeping with this mission statement </p><p>this series of events explored the question of </p><p>good citizenship, which demands new answers </p><p>in the context of modern globalisation and </p><p>the pluralism of contemporary society. </p><p>these symposia explored and examine what, </p><p>nowadays, constitutes our notion of the </p><p>good citizen. the issue is a timely one: not </p><p>only are the boundaries and the demands </p><p>of citizenship becoming increasingly blurred </p><p>and complex, but also governments and their </p><p>agencies require the universities and schools </p><p>to teach citizenship as a subject. </p><p>this series was expressly designed to </p><p>cross disciplinary boundaries between </p><p>humanities and sciences, and to bring </p><p>together academics, professionals and the </p><p>general public in productive discussion and </p><p>debate.</p><p>professor sir Lawrence Freedman KCMg Cbe Fba FKC is Vice-Principal (Research) and Professor of War Studies at Kings College London. He is one of the </p><p>countrys foremost defence experts and was appointed </p><p>Official Historian of the Falklands Campaign in 1997.</p><p>professor Conor gearty is Rausing Director of the Centre for the Study of Human Rights and Professor of </p><p>Human Rights Law at the LSE. He is also a member of </p><p>Matrix Chambers. He taught at Kings College from 1991 </p><p>to 2002. </p><p>professor Michael Clarke is the Director of the International Policy Institute at Kings College London. </p><p>He is a Specialist Advisor to the House of Commons </p><p>Defence...</p></li></ul>