The highlights of the 175th anniversary of King's College London (2004)

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  • 175th anniversary of Kings College London a year of events & celebrations

    The Strand today

    In 1829 Kings College London was founded with the help of some powerful friends. King George IV graciously granted the fledgling college a royal

    charter, in order to help distinguish it from the godless college in Gower Street (later University College London). The Duke of Wellington (then Prime Minister) rose early one morning in March to fight the only duel of his life to defend his role in the Colleges establishment. Seven years later, when the University of London was established, Kings became one of its two founding colleges.

    KIngs and Its hIstory

    KIngs and Its peopLe175 years of research & teaching

    It would be impossible to imagine 21st century life without the advances made by Kings people over the years.

    If this sounds far-fetched, consider our reliance on the following:

    surgery: without Joseph Listers invention of antiseptic surgery, modern aseptic surgical techniques could not have evolved tV, radio, radar, mobile telephones: hard to imagine without James Clerk Maxwells discovery of the nature of electro-magnetic waveselectric supply: John Daniells constant-cell battery was the first reliable source of electricitydna: the discovery of the structure of DNA, in large part due to the work of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkinstelecommunications: Charles Wheatstones development of wireless telegraphy and Edward Appletons discovery of the atmospheric layers which carry radio signals were the key to the development of modern telecomm-unications and the development of radarhealthcare: Florence Nightingales vision for nursing and development of the first professional nurse training laid the foundations for the delivery of modern healthcare

    In addition, Kings people have made a vital contribution to many other areas of modern life: from the development of higher education for all, human rights and international law to contemporary music and literature.

    a leading international universityKings today is a leading international university institution in the heart of London, with over 19,000 students and more than 5,000 staff in ten schools of study. In the course of its history the College has grown and developed through many mergers. In 1983 Kings and its School of Medicine were reunited. In 1985 Kings merged with Chelsea College and with Queen Elizabeth College. In 1997 the College was joined with the Institute of Psychiatry, and in 1998 with the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guys and St Thomass Hospitals (UMDS).

    an education for womenKings was among the first higher education institutions to provide education for women and to offer evening classes, and it was a pioneer of modular degrees. The alumni of Kings and its associated institutions include Nobel Peace Laureate former Archbishop Desmond Tutu; writers such as Anita Brookner, Arthur C Clarke, Thomas Hardy, Susan Hill, Susan Howatch, John Keats, Hanif Kureishi and Somerset Maughan; musicians including John Eliot Gardiner, Ian Shaw and Michael Nyman; scientists such as Rosalind Franklin and James Clerk Maxwell; many distinguished industrialists and politicians.

    Joseph Lister, the father of antiseptic surgery, Professor of Surgery at Kings from 1877 to 1893

    Florence nightingale established the first professional school of nursing at St Thomas Hospital in 1860

    Charles Wheatstone, Professor of Experimental Philosophy at Kings from 1834, was a pioneer of wireless telegraphy

    edward appleton Wheatstone Professor of Physics at Kings from 1924 to 1936, was one of seven scientists from Kings and its associated institutions who have won the Nobel Prize

    John Frederic daniell developed the first reliable source of electricity in 1836

    rosalind Franklin took the famous photo 51 of DNA at Kings in May 1952

    James Clerk Maxwell, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Kings from 1860 to 1865

    emmeline Jean hansen co-discovered how muscles work in 1954, first woman from Kings to become a fellow of the Royal Society

    Maurice Wilkins received the Nobel Prize for his work on the structure of DNA in 1962

    The Strand in 1831

    John Keats Thomas Hardy

    great hall

    strand campus

    thursday 22 January 2004

    Speaker: desmond tutu former Archbishop of Cape Town and Nobel Prize winner

    Theme: Citizenship in post-Conflict society

    One of Kings most distinguished alumni, the Most

    Reverend Desmond Tutu, former Archbishop of Cape

    Town and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace, opened

    the celebrations for the anniversary year with a

    Commemoration Oration.

    The Commemoration Oration celebrates Kings as

    a place of learning, commemorates the vision of its

    founders and benefactors and marks the achievements of

    the Colleges staff and students in the arts and sciences.

    Once an annual celebration at Kings, the tradition of the

    Commemoration Oration was revived in 2004 to mark the

    opening of the Colleges 175th anniversary year.

    Commemoration Oration: a celebratory event

    desMond tutu

    a Christian priest first and foremost, Desmond Tutu is regarded as one of the great civil rights campaigners

    and statesmen for his leadership in the fight against the South African apartheid system.

    An alumnus and Fellow of the College, Tutu says: Kings gave me the opportunity to prove to myself and to the world that ability has nothing to do with such biological insignificances as skin colour. This confidence has stayed with me throughout my life.

    After returning to South Africa, Tutu went on to become Archbishop of Cape Town in 1986. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his work as General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches to end apartheid.

    Tutu retired as Archbishop in 1996 but continued to work in one of his most challenging roles yet, as the Chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where he presided over the traumatic revelation of the secrets of apartheid.

    Tutus the Student Union night-club at Kings is named after him.

    CoMMeMoratIon at KIngs

    the first Commemoration Week at Kings was held in December 1920, and the tradition continued until the 1980s as a celebration of the corporate

    life of the College. In July 1920 the Secretary of the Union Society (later the Students Union) proposed to the Council and Delegacy (the governing bodies of the College) that there should be a week-long programme of events to celebrate the foundation of the College, and the origins of the Week point to a joint undertaking by the College authorities, the students and the Old Students Association to demonstrate the reviving vigour of student life in the aftermath of the First World War. The 1920 Week consisted of a service in Chapel, an oration, a dinner, a dance, a reunion organised by the Old Students Association, a play and a students supper.

    Fruit and vegetable ammunitionFrom 1921 a regular challenge was issued to University College to do battle on the sports field, and this became the occasion for a tradition of inter-college rivalry involving the parading of mascots and the exchange of rotten fruit (Covent Garden, then a fruit and vegetable market, provided ammunition too tempting to be resisted by the Kings warriors).

    oratorsThe first-ever Kings Commemoration (or

    Foundation) Orator, in December 1920,

    was the author and poet g K Chesterton, of Father Brown fame.

    Subsequent speakers have considered

    matters academic and spiritual, philosophical

    and political, national and international. Many

    have been highly distinguished, including:

    C s Lewis authorClement attlee former Prime Minister Viscount Montgomery World War II Generalsir harold Wilson former Prime Ministerhrh the duke of edinburghgilbert Murray first President League of Nations

    andr Maurois authorJulian huxley first Director-General UNESCO

    The College mascot, Reggie the Lion, being carried onto the playing fields in 1935 for the Commemoration Games with University College London.

    Fougasse (Kings alumnus Kenneth Bird) designed the dancing Reggie version for a centenary edition of the Kings College Review

    The Most Reverend Desmond Tutu

    Kings gave me the opportunity to prove to myself and to the world that ability has nothing to do with such biological insignificances as skin colour. this confidence has stayed with me throughout my life

    without forgiveness there is no future, but without confession there can be no forgiveness

    Publication of Anniversary book

    Kings College London: In the service of society by Dr Christine Kenyon Jones traces the story of Kings and its constituent institutions

    through the many distinguished and larger-than-life individuals who have brought the College to prominence in the last 175 years. This heavily-illustrated 150-page book includes a foreword by the Princess Royal and striking pictures showing Kings in the past and as it is now. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of Kings and associated institutions such as the medical and dental schools of Guys and St Thomas Hospitals, Chelsea and Queen Elizabeth Colleges, and the Institute of Psychiatry.

    the authorDr Christine Kenyon Jones is Writer in the Department of External Relations at Kings. She was Director of Public Relations for the College from 1991 to 1999. She completed her PhD at Kings in 1999 and has also taught in the Department of English.


    In the beginning: the early history of Kings College London

    this exhibition explained the early history of Kings College London and set it in its historical London context. The exhibition was

    on display from 11 February to 10 March in the Weston Room, Maughan Library, Chancery Lane for members of the College and their accompanying guests. The exhibition is also captured online at:

    This caricature of 1828 shows the rivalry between the University of London (later University College London) and Kings College London

    Kings College London: In the service of society

    publication date: 10 February 2004

    price per copy: 20 plus postage and packaging

    order a copy

    Kings people who changed the world: talks by authors

    Wednesday 4 February

    Joseph Lister: the father of antiseptic surgerythomas dormandy talked about

    Joseph Lister, who features in

    his book Moments of truth: Four

    Creators of Modern Medicine

    (Chichester: John Wiley, 2003).

    Lister (1827-1912) was Professor

    of Clinical Surgery at Kings from

    1877 to1893. Dormandy records how he recognised the

    cause of hospital sepsis and devised a way to combat it,

    which opened the way to modern surgery. He describes

    Lister as a great Victorian... high-minded, hard-working

    and compassionate but not without human weaknesses.

    Wednesday 11 February

    James Clerk Maxwell: the man who changed everythingbasil Mahon talked about one

    of historys greatest physicists,

    James Clerk Maxwell, who is

    the subject of his biography the

    Man Who Changed everything

    (Chichester: John Wiley, 2003).

    Maxwell completed some of

    his greatest work while he was Professor of Natural

    Philosophy at Kings from 1860 to1865.

    Wednesday 18 February

    rosalind Franklin: the dark lady of dnabrenda Maddox talked about her

    biography of Rosalind Franklin

    whose famous photo 51 of DNA,

    taken at Kings in May 1952,

    provided the key to its double

    helix structure. Franklin died at

    the age of 37 in 1958, four years

    before Maurice Wilkins of Kings, and Francis Crick and

    James Watson of Cambridge, received the Nobel Prize for

    their work on DNA.

    Wednesday 25 February

    Florence nightingale: romance and realityMark bostridges biography of

    Florence Nightingale describes

    how she became a legend in her

    lifetime as the heroine of the

    Crimean War. Today she belongs

    to that select band of historical

    characters who are instantly

    recognisable. But how much does her image as the Lady

    with the Lamp obscure her real achievements, including

    her attempt to professionalise nursing?

    a short series of talks was held by authors who had

    recently written about people from Kings whose

    pioneering work and discoveries have had immense

    influence on our lives today.

    great hall

    strand campus

    tuesday 20 april 2004

    are we citizens of the world?Speakers include:

    Michael Clarke Director, International Policy

    Institute, Kings College London

    sir nicholas young Chief Executive,

    the British Red Cross

    governors hall

    st. thomas hospital

    thursday 13 May 2004

    does the nhs treat its patients as citizens?Speakers include:

    sir Ian Kennedy Shadow Chair, Commission

    for Healthcare Audit and Inspection

    Lord sutherland President, the Royal Society

    of Edinburgh

    great hall

    strand campus

    tuesday 12 october 2004

    are scientists good citizens?Speakers include:

    phil James Chair of the International Obesity

    Task Force

    trevor Jones Deputy Chairman of the Council,

    Kings College London

    great hall

    strand campus

    Wednesday 10 March 2004

    Citizenship in an age of insecuritySpeakers include:

    sir Lawrence Freedman Vice-Principal

    (Research), Kings College London

    Conor gearty Professor of Human Rights

    Law, LSE professor W philip t James Cbe Md dsc FrCp rse chairs the International Obesity Task Force and is Vice

    President of the International Union of Nutritional

    Sciences. He is an advisor to the EU and WHO.

    professor trevor M Jones Cbe FKC is Director General of the Association of the British Pharmaceutical

    Industry, a Visiting Professor at Kings College London

    and Deputy Chairman of the College Council.

    Citizenship: a series of symposia

    Kings is dedicated to the advancement of

    knowledge, learning and understanding in the

    service of society.

    In keeping with this mission statement

    this series of events explored the question of

    good citizenship, which demands new answers

    in the context of modern globalisation and

    the pluralism of contemporary society.

    these symposia explored and examine what,

    nowadays, constitutes our notion of the

    good citizen. the issue is a timely one: not

    only are the boundaries and the demands

    of citizenship becoming increasingly blurred

    and complex, but also governments and their

    agencies require the universities and schools

    to teach citizenship as a subject.

    this series was expressly designed to

    cross disciplinary boundaries between

    humanities and sciences, and to bring

    together academics, professionals and the

    general public in productive discussion and


    professor sir Lawrence Freedman KCMg Cbe Fba FKC is Vice-Principal (Research) and Professor of War Studies at Kings College London. He is one of the

    countrys foremost defence experts and was appointed

    Official Historian of the Falklands Campaign in 1997.

    professor Conor gearty is Rausing Director of the Centre for the Study of Human Rights and Professor of

    Human Rights Law at the LSE. He is also a member of

    Matrix Chambers. He taught at Kings College from 1991

    to 2002.

    professor Michael Clarke is the Director of the International Policy Institute at Kings College London.

    He is a Specialist Advisor to the House of Commons

    Defence Committee

    sir nicholas young is Chief Executive of the British Red Cross and Vice President of Macmillan Cancer

    Relief. He was knighted in 2000 for services tozcancer


    professor sir Ian Kennedy Fba is Shadow Chairman of the new Commission for Healthcare Audit and

    Inspection. He is a member of the Advisory Committee

    on Medical Countermeasureszand of the CJD Therapy


    the right honourable Lord sutherland of houndwood Kt Fba Frse FKC is President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and Chairman of Universities

    Scotland. He was Principal and Vice-Chancellor at the

    University of Edinburgh; Vice-Chancellor of the University

    of London; Principal of Kings College London and Vice-

    Chairman of the Committee of Vice-Chancellors.

    Beating Retreat


    exhibition: the duke of Wellington and Kings College London

    this exhibition from the College Archives included material on the Dukes influential role in the founding of Kings College and examples

    of campaign medals for the Battle of Waterloo (1815) which led to the final defeat of Napoleon.

    Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington, was born in Dublin in 1769. He made his name as a military commander in India between 1797 and 1805, and then in the Peninsular War in Portugal and Spain (1809-1814). When Napoleon escaped from Elba Wellington hastened from the Congress of Vienna to command the allied forces at the Battle of Waterloo, where the French were routed on 18 June 1815. He had entered politics as an MP in 1806, and returned to political office in 1818, becoming Prime Minister in 1827. He died in 1852.

    Kings Colledge [sic] to wit a practical essay by T Jones (1829)

    The Duke of Wellington (right) fought his only duel on behalf of Kings on 21 March 1829, after being publicly challenged by the Earl of Winchilsea over his simultaneous support for the establishment of the Anglican College and the Roman Catholic Emancipation Bill in 1829. The Earl accused the Duke of insidious designs for the infringement of our liberties and the introduction of popery into every department of state. The duel was bloodless and the Earl later apologised.

    Fanfare of trumpets Napoleonic Association

    Band of the Scots Guards

    The Duke of Wellington in old age by a pupil at Kings College School

    Celebrating global partnerships

    This one-day symposium was a celebration and promotion

    of international partnership in higher education. Kings

    College London has enjoyed a wide range of international

    links since its foundation.

    discourses included:

    educational and research challenges across the world

    educating the healthcare workforce of the future the importance of international research

    collaboration Forging new partnerships and learning from

    experience the ethical challenges for scientists and health

    professionals in higher education

    Speakers included:

    sir graeme Catto Vice Principal, Kings College London

    and President of the General Medical Council

    sir Cyril Chantler Chairman Great Ormond Street


    david Cornblath Director, Neurology EMG Laboratory,

    John Hopkins University, USA

    Michael gibbons Secretary General of the Association of

    Commonwealth Universities

    Jonathan glover Professor of Medical Law and Ethics,

    Kings College London

    adrian hayday Kay Glendinning Professor of

    Immunobiology, Kings College London

    Mike Johns Director, Robert W. Woodruff Health Sciences

    Center, Emory University, USA

    roger Jones Director, Centre for Caribbean Health,

    Kings College London

    stephen parker Deputy Vice Chancellor and Vice

    President, Monash University, Australia

    Mark Walport Director, The Wellcome Trust

    student scholarshipsTwo special international scholarships were made available

    for the 175th anniversary to promote exchanges with our

    partner institutions. One student each from Geography and

    Biomedical Sciences had the opportunity to experience

    student life abroad. Their placements were split between

    Singapore University and Monash University in Australia

    during the academic year of 2004-2005 to enrich their

    international experience.

    syMposIuM: gLobaL partnershIps In the eduCatIon oF sCIenCe and heaLth

    the Film Festival alumni in Word and Image presented

    the work and achievements of a selection of Kings most

    famous alumni, whose words, music and vision have

    inspired these films.

    Alumni in word & image: film festival

    6 october

    Jude (UK 1996,

    dir. Michael Winterbottom)

    KCL alumnus:

    thomas hardy, author of

    Jude the Obscure.

    Thomas Hardy studied French at

    Kings from 1859-1860.

    Some of his most famous novels have been made into

    films. A stonemason, Jude, tricked into an unsatisfactory

    marriage, tirelessly pursues a cousin he loves. Jude

    and his cousin live out of wedlock, and are rejected by

    an unforgiving society leaving them to struggle in abject

    poverty with disastrous consequences.

    13 october

    Michael Collins (UK/USA 1996, dir. Neil Jordan)

    KCL alumnus:

    Michael Collins, subject of film.

    Michael Collins, Sinn Fein leader,

    was a student in the Kings

    Civil Service Department.

    The rise and fall of one of the

    most controversial figures in

    Irelands struggle for independence is chronicled in this

    biographical drama. The Lion of Ireland, Michael Collins

    led the IRA against British rule and founded the free

    Republic of Eire in 1921.

    20 october (tbc)

    2001: a space odyssey (UK/USA, 1968

    dir. Stanley Kubrick)

    KCL alumnus: arthur C. Clarke,

    author of The Sentinel,

    (basis of storyline).

    Arthur C Clarke graduated in

    Mathematics and Physics from

    Kings in 1948 and wrote The Sentinel which would form

    the basis of Stanley Kubricks 1968 landmark epic 2001:

    A Space Odyssey. This film represented a break from

    the narrative convention to tell four tangentially related

    stories about mans destiny, reflected in the conquest of

    space. Featuring some of the most stunning visual effects

    to appear on screen before or since, a genuine sense

    of wonder at the beauty and the vastness of space is


    27 october

    Wittgenstein (UK, 1993, dir. Derek Jarman)

    KCL alumnus:

    derek Jarman, director of film.

    Derek Jarman read English and

    History of Art at Kings in the

    early 1960s. He directed this

    dramatisation of the life and

    ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein

    (1889-1951). Wittgenstein is also linked to the Guys,

    Kings & St Thomas School of Medicine of Kings College

    London, having been a porter at Guys during the second

    world war.

    3 november (tbc)

    My beautiful Laundrette (UK, 1985,

    dir. Stephen Frears)

    KCL alumnus: hanif

    Kureishi, author of My

    Beautiful Laundrette.

    Hanif Kureishi graduated

    in philosophy from Kings

    in 1977 and wrote the story that inspired this film.

    Set within the Asian community in London during

    the Thatcherite years, My Beautiful Laundrette is a

    multi-layered portrait of the immigrant experience

    in Britain.

    10 november

    the piano (Australia/NZ/France 1993, dir. Jane


    KCL alumnus:

    Michael nyman,

    composer of soundtrack.

    Michael Nyman studied for

    his MMus at Kings in 1970.

    The central character is

    mute, and communicates through the eponymous

    piano. The story of the relationship between the

    three main characters unfolds like a Greek tragedy,

    with a chorus of Maori tribesman and a savage

    natural backdrop. This film was widely acclaimed for

    the musical score.

    Thomas Hardy

    Michael Collins

    Michael Nyman

    Arthur C Clarke Hanif Kureishi

    Derek Jarman

    Westminster Abbey Service of Thanksgiving

    service of thanksgivingWestminster abbey

    tuesday 19 october 2004

    a service of thanksgiving was held in Westminster abbey

    to mark the foundation of Kings and to celebrate the

    175 years of the Colleges existence. the award of a

    royal Charter from King george IV in august 1829 aimed

    to distinguish Kings from university College London

    which had no religious basis. Many of the major players

    in the Colleges foundation were bishops and prominent

    clergymen, including Charles Manners-sutton, the

    archbishop of Canterbury, Charles blomfield, the bishop of

    London and george doyly, the rector of Lambeth.

    Today Kings includes staff and students of all beliefs

    and backgrounds, and the service celebrated our life


    Both the 100th and 150th anniversaries of the College

    were celebrated with services at Westminster Abbey and

    the 175th anniversary year continues the tradition.

    the event included:

    a sermon given by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Revd Dr Rowan Williams

    readings and prayers given by members of the College community

    music, hymns and anthems sung by the Chapel Choir of Kings College London

    annIVersary MusIC

    production of anniversary Music CdadVent FroM KIngsA CD commemorating the Colleges 175th anniversary was released in May 2004. The year 2004 also marks the 40th anniversary of the founding of the Music Department, and it is therefore fitting that the two most prominent performing groups within the College, the Kings College London Chapel Choir (conducted by the Head of Music and College Organist, David Trendell) and the viol consort Phantasm (directed by the Thurston Dart Professor of Performance Studies, Laurence Dreyfus), joined forces to record a disc of Music for Advent, reflecting the popularity of the annual Advent Carol Services. The CD included fantasias by the seventeenth-century English composer, Michael East, and two verse anthems by his contemporary Orlando Gibbons, as well as music by Byrd, Warlock and George Benjamin, Henry Purcell Professor of Composition at KCL.

    The chapel of Westminster Abbey facing east

    The west end of Westminster Abbey by night

    Detail of carving over the west door of the Abbey

    Kings College London Chapel Choir

    Deans YardKings College London was founded in 1829 and now has over 13,800 undergraduate students and nearly 5,700 postgraduates in nine schools of study. It is one of the uKs leading universities and is a member of the

    russell group: a coalition of the uKs major research-based universities. Kings is in the top group of uK institutions for research earnings, with income from grants and contracts of 100 million, and has an annual turnover of more than 348 million.

    In 2004 it was agreed that the College would celebrate its 175th anniversary and to this end an anniversary programme was developed and organised by the Public Relations Office that encompassed:

    Formal Celebratory eventsAt the beginning of the year the Commemoration Oration by Archbishop Desmond Tutu was a revival of a Kings tradition and attracted over 800 attendees (and considerable media interest), necessitating video relays to the Chapel and two lecture theatres.

    At the end of 2004 a Service of Thanksgiving was held at Westminster Abbey, attended by the Chancellor, HRH the Princess Royal, with a sermon by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

    historical eventsA series of lunchtime talks, Kings People Who Changed The World, on leading Kings figures by distinguished biographers proved extremely popular with 80-110 people attending each session.

    Exhibitions of historical material were produced by the Archives Department, both in situ and on the web.

    Fun eventsBeating Retreat involved 150 performers and was attended by over 600 people. The evening included a recreation of the Duke of Wellingtons duel at the foundation of Kings and a spectacular firework display (all sponsored).

    The Alumni Weekend in June attracted over 800 people to an event that included a boat race, a debate and a ball.

    At the beginning of the year, over 400 Kings staff and students took part in anniversary ice skating sessions at Somerset House, which is next to the Strand Campus.

    An anniversary Film Festival, Alumni In Word and Image, took place in October.

    symposiaIn addition to annual College lectures, a series of symposia over the year exploring the notion of Citizenship were addressed by a number of distinguished speakers.

    An anniversary Student Debate considered the future of university funding.

    A symposium entitled Global Partnerships for Science and Health was held at the Guys hospital campus on 23 June and attracted over 160 delegates from sixteen countries, including a large number of senior staff from other universities at the level of chancellor and dean.

    The Dental Institute also organised a major event entitled Global Perspectives of the GKT Dental Institute as part of the celebrations.

    Local partnershipsA Staff Volunteering Week was organised by the Widening Participation Office in June, during which staff gave their time to work in the local community.

    At a different level, the Colleges close involvement with Somerset House over the 1604 Celebrations afforded the opportunity to highlight the Colleges anniversary to neighbours and to a very wide public audience.

    The overriding principle of the year was that events should be open to all, and free. The theme of much of the year emphasised the Colleges work in the service of society, which was echoed in the title of the new College history which was published at the beginning of the year.

    This overview of activity is by no means comprehensive, and does not include special lectures, or musical events (or the College Choir anniversary CD) that have come under the 175 umbrella. Overall, the 175th Anniversary provided a focus for a large number and range of people to learn more about the College and its achievements over the past 175 years.

    Beating Retreat by the Band of the Scots Guards and the

    Napoleonic Association was a seated outdoor performance

    celebrating the founding of Kings College London. The

    centrepiece was a performance by the Band of the Scots

    Guards of Wellingtons Victory by Ludwig van Beethoven,

    complete with sound, lighting effects and fireworks. This piece

    was written for the Duke of Wellington and dedicated to King

    George IV both directly involved in the foundation of Kings

    College London. The Duke of Wellington was Prime Minister in

    1829, the year the College was founded, and he chaired a public

    meeting in 1828 which resolved upon the foundation of the

    College and raised funds for the project.

    The story of the foundation of the College included a

    re-enactment of the duel that the Duke of Wellington fought in

    support of his role as founder of Kings. To convey something of

    the background of the Duke of Wellingtons life as commander

    of the allied troops who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, the

    event featured a re-enactment of a battle by members of the

    Napoleonic Association.

    More than 150 performers recreated scenes and music

    from 175 years ago, providing the audience with an opportunity

    to sample the atmosphere of the era when the College was


    great hall (and courtyard)

    strand campus

    Friday 30 april 2004