the great war
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DESCRIPTIONTHE GREAT WAR. “THE WAR TO END ALL WARS”. Bellwork #1 – ½ pg response. Should you always support a friend no matter what he or she does? What is the risk of not supporting a friend? Read over the activity instruction sheet. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
THE GREAT WARTHE WAR TO END ALL WARS1
Bellwork #1 pg responseShould you always support a friend no matter what he or she does? What is the risk of not supporting a friend?Read over the activity instruction sheet.Prepare for the press conference by generating a list of questions you would need to ask to write a descriptive sensational newspaper article. You should be able to generate a list of at least 5.
This War Shocked the WorldDestructionInvolved more nationsAdvanced weaponsMore deathsEmpires fellNew nations createdSome nations became powerfulOther became weakMany civilians killed
PreWar Alliances41. The Alliance System
Triple Entente:Triple Alliance:5
Crisis in the Balkans6Study the map of Austria-Hungarys ethnic groups.What problems might arise with all these groups being joined into one empire?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand & FamilyHeir to the throne of Austria -Hungary EmpireNephew of current leaderWife SophiaGoing to visit SarajevoArrive by train 10 am.Speech at City HallObserve Military DrillsLunch with Mayor
Sarajevo, Bosnia June 28, 1914 It was a sunny, warm dayLead Investigator Vlaw Andordervic
Street Corner in Sarajevo where the Archduke was Assassinated
157 Terrorist of the Black HandMehmed Mehmedbasic 27 yrs - escapedVaso Cubrilovic 17 yrs - capturedNedjelko Cabrinovi 20 yrs - capturedCvijetko Popovic 18 yrs - capturedDanilo Ilic 24 yrs - capturedTrifka Grabez 19 yrs - capturedGavrilo Princip - 19 yrs captured
17Funeral of Archduke
Trial of Gavrilo Principe
Princip underage only sentenced to 20 yrs in prisonTemper of WarISN WorkGo to the next clean section of your ISN and create the Unit 7-5 Title PageOn the next right hand section cut and glue the guided notes sheet for WWIOn the left hand side answer the question at the bottom of the Temper of War reading.After reading the article try to identify the M.A.I.N. of WWI. Identify each letter, what it means, and how it lead to war.M Militarism = power of military (Arms RaceA Alliances = agreements among nations to help each otherI Imperialism = race for empires and increased competitionN Nationalism = extreme pride in your country want to be most powerful
Roots of War21BellworkJudging by the photo what do you think life in the trenches was like? What might have been some of the hardships of fighting out of trenches. Why would they be beneficial?
BellworkAs the leader of Austria-Hungary you have a major decision to make. The heir to your throne has been assassinated by a Serbian terrorist group. What do you do next? Do you blame the Serbian government and declare war? Do you try to find more members of the black hand? Or since you caught the assassin do you drop it and move on. Think about how this decision could affect all of Europe.
M Dangerous to let other country surpass u protect yourself everybody was doing itA My friends & I are stronger than u & ur friends bring countries into conflict that aren't involvedI Continued expansion leads to competition, rivalry then conflictN mixed cultures leads to conflict want to break away from empires and form their own country (Black Hand trying to unite Slavic ppl)Roots of War
Immediate Cause of WWIBalkan Crisis Ethnic Slavs want their own countryAssassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Starts a chain reaction of events
25How did the Alliance system lead to war?Triple Entente Triple AllianceBritainRussiaFrance& SerbiaGermanyAustria-HungaryItalyAustria-Hungary declares war on SerbiaRussia mobilises its army & declares war on Austria-HungaryGermany helps its ally, Austria-Hungary & declares war on RussiaFrance & Britain help their allies and declare war on Germany & Austria-Hungary .
What happens next?27Bellwork #2 Put these events in the order they happenedFrance enters war on side of RussiaSerbia refuses ultimatumRussia Mobilizes to protect SerbiaAustria-Hungary blames Serbia for Archdukes death send ultimatumAustria Declares on SerbiaGermany declares war on RussiaBritain pledges to help neutral Belgium and enter war on Frances sideGermany invades neutral Belgium
A-H blames Serbia for assassinationSerbia refuses ultimatumAH declares war on SerbiaRussia mobilizes to protect SerbiaGermany declares war on RussiaFrance enters war on Russia sideGermany invades neutral BelgiumBritain pledges to help neutral Belgium enters war on Frances sideChain Reaction of EventsA/H blames SerbiaSend ultimatumRussia begins to mobilizeGermany declares war on RussiaFrance declares war on GermanyBritain declares war on Germany
30Two Armed Camps!
Allied Powers:Central Powers:
Italy changed sidesOttoman Empire replaces Italy31Hands On WWI Map QuestionsCopy & Answer on the left side of ISNWhat was the Schlieffen Plan?What role did the taxis play in the Battle of Marne?Summarize the following battles.Why was the British blockade bad for Germany? How did they get around it?How did the European colonies around the world help the war effort?What happened to Russia in 1917?How did America contribute to the allies during the beginning of World War I?
If you're Germany, where do you attack?
Alfred von Schliefeen34Germany - Schlieffen PlanDid not want a 2 front war Russia & FranceAttack France by going thru. Neutral Belgium.A quick victory and then fight Russia (before they could mobilize)Belgium had a secret treaty w/ Britain made it hard on GermanyBritain mobilized more quickly than Germany thought they could35Belgium is a country, not a roadKing Albert I of Belgium denied permissionAugust 2, 1914 Germany declared war on FranceAugust 4, 1914 Great Britain declared war on Germany for violating Belgian neutrality
Illusion - Over by ChristmasMost people thought the war would be over by ChristmasSchleiffen Plan worked well Germany was 25 miles from Paris by Sept 3, 1914France got intelligence that led them to attack at the Marne River Russia then attacked and Germany had to splits its forcesThe stalemate began -
37Battle of MarneSept 6-12 1914Fr & Br been retreating for 12 straight daysLaunched a counteroffensiveAttacked Germans right flank spliting the forcesGermany still pushed to France
Aided by the Taxi Cabs600 Taxis brought soldiers from Paris to the front6,000 soldiersHalted the German advanceGermany began to retreat
The Western Front
Life in the TrenchesFunk Holes42
Side view of Trenches44
John Nash, Over the Top (1918) 46
47No Mans LandBritish poet Wilfred Owens, later killed in action during the war, wrote in a couple of letters:"No Man's Land is pocket marked like the body of foulest disease and its odor is the breath of cancer...No Man's Land under snow is like the face of the moon, chaotic, crater-ridden, uninhabitable, awful, the abode of madness." "Hideous landscapes, vile noises....everything unnatural, broken, blastered; the distortion of the dead, whose unburiable bodies sit outside the dug-outs all day, all night, the most execrable sights on earth.
What do these quotes tell you about life in the trenches? How would this affected you, if you were a soldier?
Typical Soldiers Trench Life 15% front line 10% support line 30% reserve line 20% rest 25% other (hospital, travelling, leave, training courses, etc.)
Virtual TourLife in the TrenchesDug Out Virtual TourTrench Warfare GameInteractive Trenches50
Debut of Tanks, 1916Crew of 430 ton weapons3 mphTwo cannons mounted on each sideHot, dusty, noisy, & filled with the stench of gas fumes
Australian soldiers walking on duck-boards 52
British Soldiers affected by Mustard Gas53German Sniper
Studying French in the Trenches." Cover, The Literary Digest, October 20, 1917. 55Bellwork #4Read A New Kind of War on pgs 785-786 in Journey Across Time stop at America enters the War.List 3 things that made World War I a new kind of war?What made World War I a total war?What do you think is meant by the statement the human cost of mechanization of war?Why was this a Total War?War affected everyone not just soldiersGovt decide what citizens could and could not buy Propaganda = Information designed to influence public thoughts and opinionsRationing = system of limiting the amount of food and supplies in use WHY?
British Mark I Big Willie What affect do you think tanks would have on trench warfare?
Soldiers after their Christmas TurkeyPhoto Courtesy of Imperial War Museum
Russia Drops Out March 1917Russia lost millions of soldiersShort of food, ammunition, clothes, boots, and blanketsCivil Unrest led to Czar Nicolas II step down Later Bolsheviks Revolution shook Russia became CommunistNew Leader- Vladimir Lenin signed peace treaty with Germany
U.S. Entry He Kept Us Out of WarPolicy of Isolation (Neutrality) Pres. Woodrow Wilson re-elected 1916 He kept us out of warDid not back one side or another gave war loans & trade with both sidesGermany began Unrestricted Submarine Warfare to blockade BritainSink any ship without warning in British watersWould have a direct effect on U.S.
67American Conflict with Germany
Sinking of LusitaniaStep 1May 17, 1915German U-boat sank British passenger liner from NY to London.128 Americans Killed
Germany Conts Unrestricted Submarine WarfareStep 2Germany sink French liner Sussex and Wilson demands they stop Signed Sussex Pledge May 4th 1916Pledge to Attack only after warning and knowledge of contraband on board
What is this cartoon trying to show?7