The global development agenda beyond 2015: employment and decent work for all
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DESCRIPTIONThe global development agenda beyond 2015: employment and decent work for all. Stephen Pursey Multilateral Cooperation Department ILO ( April 2014. MYWORLD UN Global Survey. Main outcomes of post-2015 UN consultations: People need better job opportunities. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Decent Employment and the MDGs
MYWORLD UN Global Survey
Main outcomes of post-2015 UN consultations: People need better job opportunities
MyWorld survey: Proportion of people from each country who selected jobs as one oftheir priorities in the post-2015 agenda
Thinking about jobs: how can we make peoples concerns central in the new agenda?Recent trends in global economy and implications for employment and growth Designing a new comprehensive, universal and integrated sustainable development frameworkStrategies for employment and growth Policy mechanisms to promote more equitable and sustainable employment trends
Scale of the Global Jobs ChallengeCrisis-related jobs gap widened to 62 million jobs lost since 2008
Mixed trends in reduction of working povertyFrom 55.2 per cent in 2000, the share of $2 a day working poor declined to 32.1 per cent in 2012, but remained at nearly 60 per cent in LDCs. Progress uneven across regions, with more than 87 per cent of reduction in East Asia. More than half developing world workforce self-employed or unpaid family workers likely to be informal.15 per cent of developing worlds total workforce still living on below $1.25 a day - nearly 400 million workers - two thirds in South Asia and Sub Saharan African - mainly in agriculture.
Two-thirds of Africans working but living in povertyIncidence of working poverty remains high in AfricaTotal working poor rising to around 200 million workers
Employment TransformationMovement of working women and men from less productive work that barely yields a living, to better jobs. Economic transformation helps create opportunities for decent work, and more and better jobs feeds back into growth dynamics making it more inclusive and sustainable.Access to safe, productive and fairly remunerated work is a key vehicle for individuals and families to gain self-esteem, a sense of belonging to a community and a way to make a productive contribution.
Jobs and environmental, economic and social sustainability challengesTransforming consumption, production and employment patterns onto trajectories that do not damage our environment.Developing countries exports to high income countries much less buoyant requiring a reorientation of growth drivers towards national markets and South South trade. Most higher income and some middle income countries moving into an era of population ageing. World labour force increasing by over 40 million per year, but gradually declining. To keep pace with the growth, which mainly in developing world, close the crisis jobs gap, some 670 million new jobs needed by 2030 ,more to raise female participation.Employment and social policies to manage transformations New policies to crowd in investment in the real economy, - not just lower interest rates, but dedicated finance for smaller enterprises, support to innovation and ITC, green industries, and labour-intensive public infrastructure programmes in the poorest countries.Skills for youth, women and for industries and workers in transitions.Well-designed policies and institutions, including minimum wages and employment protection laws, which build fair and efficient labour markets and smooth formalization. Investment in social protection and, for the poorest countries, social protection floors offering a basic set of income and health guarantees.
Employment and social policies to manage transformations (continued)A focus on gender equality, through for example investment in early child hood day care facilities and stepped up anti-discrimination legislation.A sufficient tax base, progressive tax systems and restraints to tax-motivated illicit financial flows, in order to generate public revenues to support productive and social investments.Remedying the dearth of information about the numbers, tenure and quality of jobs. Improvement in the collection and availability of labour market statistics promotes employment creation because of its implications for accountability, transparency and effectiveness of policy-making.
Decent Work and Development: where is the UN today? MDGs target 1b Full and productive Employment and Decent Work for All UN and ILO Post 2015 Reflection Open Working Group Negotiations ImplementationMessages from the post-2015 global thematic consultation on growth and employmentAdopting a stand-alone goal on employment in the post-2015 agenda with clear and measurable indicators.Decent jobs for the poor and most vulnerable as a pre-requisite for sustained inclusive growth.Addressing the structural causes of unemployment and promoting economic diversification and recognizing that governments must be responsible for driving structural transformation through coherent policies.Development-friendly macroeconomic policies.Expanding social protection systems as a crucial policy tools to reducing poverty and inequality and fostering social cohesion.Combining expanded social protection with employment generation programmes especially targeting women and low-skilled workers.Strengthening social dialogue and the voice of workers so as to improve working conditions and ensure fair distribution of benefits.Complementing official development assistance with reforms in the international trade, finance and technology transfer systemshttp://www.worldwewant2015.org/node/392756
Key reports on Post-2015The report of the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda (HLP) recommended an illustrative global goal on "Creating jobs, sustainable livelihoods and equitable growth".
The Secretary-Generals report to the 68th session of the UNGA on the MDGs in September 2013 noted that inclusive growth, decent employment and social protection had been essential to drive progress on the existing MDGs
The SDSN report suggest a development goal with a target on decent work and a goal on learning with a target on that all youth transition effectively into the labour market, including an indicator on NEETs
The inter-governmental process (OWG): Where do we stand so far? MDG format: single set of a limited number of action-oriented, concise and easy-to-communicate sustainable development goals (SDGs)Aspirational/TransformativeUniversal ie applicable to all countries, developed and developingMeasurable to ensure monitoring and accountabilityIntegrated ie balancing economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainabilityNational flexibility eg in setting targets and indicators that respect national priorities and circumstances
Towards a new set of goals: 19 focus areas identified by the OWGPoverty eradication.Food security and nutritionHealth and population dynamicsEducationGender equality and womens empowermentWater and sanitationEnergyEconomic growthIndustrializationInfrastructureEmployment and decent work for allPromoting equalitySustainable cities and human settlementsClimateSustainable consumption and productionMarine resources, oceans and seasEcosystems and biodiversityMeans of implementationPeaceful and non-violent societies, capable institutions
Transforming the global development trajectory by focussing on jobsWorking out of povertySustainable jobs social, economic and environmental dimensionsRole of employers and workers organizations: who will implement the new agenda?Building institutions for inclusive labour marketsNational strategies within a global framework for cooperation and coordination2015 UN connecting to We the Peoples